Abstract

We demonstrate the use of a High Reflectivity Grating (HRG) as an intra-cavity element in a Semiconductor Disk Laser (or Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Laser) to stabilise its emission wavelength and polarization characteristics. Operation at 1058nm with up to 645mW of pump-limited output power and an M2~1.4 is achieved. We also show that this scheme permits tunable single-frequency operation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A.C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, “Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1–43 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. ZorabedianF.J. Duarte, “Tunable External-cavity semiconductors lasers,” in Tunable laser handbook, ed. (Academic, 1995), 349–442.
  8. A.Q. Liu and X.M. Zhang, “A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1–R13 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, L.N. Glebova, K.C. Richardson, and V.I. Smirnov, “High efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefrative glass,” Appl. Opt. 38, 619–627 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, “Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14, 12613–12622 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I.A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989)
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

2007 (2)

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A.Q. Liu and X.M. Zhang, “A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1–R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

A.C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, “Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1–43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, “Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14, 12613–12622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, L.N. Glebova, K.C. Richardson, and V.I. Smirnov, “High efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefrative glass,” Appl. Opt. 38, 619–627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

I.A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I.A.

I.A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

Bedford, R.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Butterworth, S.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Caprara, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Charles, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.H.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Dawson, M.D.

F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Destouches, N.

N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, “Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14, 12613–12622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, O.M.

Fallahi, M.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A.I.

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Giet, S.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.B.

Glebova, L.N.

Golubenko, G.A.

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Guina, M.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hader, J.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Harkonen, A.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hastie, J.E.

Holm, M.A.

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoogland, S.

A.C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, “Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1–43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J.-M.

Kaneda, Y.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A.J.

F. van Loon, A.J. Kemp, A.J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J.E. Hastie, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence,” Opt. Express 14, 9250–9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Kim, G.B.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Kim, K.S.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-S.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Koch, S.W.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.H.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.M.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-M.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.Y.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S.J.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S.-J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindberg, H.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.Q.

A.Q. Liu and X.M. Zhang, “A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1–R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lyndin, N.

Maclean, A.

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Maclean, A.J.

Moloney, J.V.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Murray, J.T.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Okhnotnikov, O.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.J.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, “Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence,” Opt. Express 14, 12613–12622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pessa, M.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pommier, J.C.

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommier, J.-C.

Reed, M.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, S.

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.C.

Smirnov, V.I.

Spinelli, L.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, W.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Strasser, M.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.D.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suomalainen, Dawson, S.

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svakhin, A.S.

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Sychugov, V. A.

I.A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

Sychugov, V.A.

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Tishchenko, A.V.

N. Destouches, A.V. Tishchenko, J.C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, “99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating,” Opt. Express 13 (9), 3230–3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Tonchev, S.

Tropper, A.C.

A.C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, “Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1–43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Loon, F.

Yoo, J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, J.R.

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zakharian, A.R.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Zeitschel, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.M.

A.Q. Liu and X.M. Zhang, “A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1–R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zorabedian, P.

P. ZorabedianF.J. Duarte, “Tunable External-cavity semiconductors lasers,” in Tunable laser handbook, ed. (Academic, 1995), 349–442.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A.R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J.V. Moloney, W. Stolz, and S.W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surfaceemitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. (1)

M.A. Holm, D. Burns, A.I. Ferguson, and M.D. Dawson, “Actively Stabilised, Single-Frequency, Vertical External Cavity AlGaAs Laser,” IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 11, 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, “Improved Spectral Properties of an Optically Pumped Semiconductor Disk Laser Using a Thin Diamond Heat Spreader as an Intracavity Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363–1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Giet, H.D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, “Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intracavity volume Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786–1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G.B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim, and Y. Park, “Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst Growth (1)

K.S. Kim, J.R. Yoo, S.M. Lee, S.J. Lim, J.Y. Lim, J.H. Lee, S.H. Cho, T. Kim, and Y.J. Park, “Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm,” J. Cryst Growth 287, 629–632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

A.Q. Liu and X.M. Zhang, “A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1–R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

I.A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov “Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide,” J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527–1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, “High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers,” Proc. SPIE 5332, 143–150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A.C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, “Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1–43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G.A. Golubenko, A.S. Svakhin, V.A. Sychugov, and A.V. Tishchenko, “Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886–887 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. ZorabedianF.J. Duarte, “Tunable External-cavity semiconductors lasers,” in Tunable laser handbook, ed. (Academic, 1995), 349–442.

A. Maclean, A.J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M.D. Dawson, and D. Burns, “Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader,” accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) HRG reflectivity curves for 7.64° incidence angle. Inset: Atomic Force Microscope image of part of the HRG top surface (b) Angular dependence of the HRG TE- reflectivity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Plan schematic of the laser cavity setup

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Power transfer (ROC=97%) and (b) spectral characteristics of the SDL using conventional output couplers. The pink star corresponds to the best laser results obtained when using the HRG intra-cavity (see next section).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tunability characteristics of the SDL with intra-cavity HRG. The laser emission wavelength corresponding to particular incidence angles are given below.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser spectral characteristics for an incidence angle of (a) 7.64°, (b) 8.26° and 10°C water cooling. The spectra are deliberately vertically offset by 30dB for improved visibility

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser power transfers recorded for 3 angles of incidence representative of the three respective regimes of operation.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectral analysis of grating-controlled regime with α=7.89° and 200mW output power using (a) an optical spectrum analyzer and (b) a commercial Fabry-Perot interferometer.

Metrics