Abstract

We demonstrate the use of a High Reflectivity Grating (HRG) as an intra-cavity element in a Semiconductor Disk Laser (or Vertical External Cavity Surface Emitting Laser) to stabilise its emission wavelength and polarization characteristics. Operation at 1058nm with up to 645mW of pump-limited output power and an M2~1.4 is achieved. We also show that this scheme permits tunable single-frequency operation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, "Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1-43 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Zorabedian, "Tunable External-cavity semiconductors lasers," in Tunable laser handbook, F. J. Duarte, ed., (Academic, 1995), pp. 349-442.
  8. A. Q. Liu and X. M. Zhang, "A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers," J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1-R13 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson and V. I. Smirnov, "High efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefrative glass," Appl. Opt. 38, 619-627 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Destouches, A. V. Tishchenko, J. C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, "99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating," Opt. Express 13, 3230-3235 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, "Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence," Opt. Express 14, 12613-12622 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. van Loon, A. J. Kemp, A. J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence," Opt. Express 14, 9250-9260 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov "Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527-1539 (1989)
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader," accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

2007

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Q. Liu and X. M. Zhang, "A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers," J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1-R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, "Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1-43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. van Loon, A. J. Kemp, A. J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence," Opt. Express 14, 9250-9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Destouches, J.-C. Pommier, O. Parriaux, T. Clausnitzer, N. Lyndin, and S. Tonchev, "Narrow band resonant grating of 100% reflection under normal incidence," Opt. Express 14, 12613-12622 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

N. Destouches, A. V. Tishchenko, J. C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, "99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating," Opt. Express 13, 3230-3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K. C. Richardson and V. I. Smirnov, "High efficiency Bragg gratings in photothermorefrative glass," Appl. Opt. 38, 619-627 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov "Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527-1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

1985

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov "Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527-1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

Bedford, R.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

F. van Loon, A. J. Kemp, A. J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence," Opt. Express 14, 9250-9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, S.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

F. van Loon, A. J. Kemp, A. J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence," Opt. Express 14, 9250-9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Caprara, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Charles, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clausnitzer, T.

Dawson, M. D.

F. van Loon, A. J. Kemp, A. J. Maclean, S. Calvez, J.-M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Intracavity diamond heatspreaders in lasers: effect of birefringence," Opt. Express 14, 9250-9260 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, S.

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Destouches, N.

Efimov, O. M.

Fallahi, M.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Giet, S.

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L. B.

Glebova, L. N.

Golubenko, G. A.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hader, J.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Hastie, J. E.

Holm, M. A.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoogland, S.

A. C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, "Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1-43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J.-M.

Kaneda, Y.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

Kim, G. B.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. S.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-S.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Larsson, A.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-M.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. Y.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S. J.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S.-J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lindberg, H.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

A. Q. Liu and X. M. Zhang, "A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers," J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1-R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lyndin, N.

Maclean, A. J.

Moloney, J. V.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. T.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

Pommier, J. C.

Pommier, J.-C.

Reed, M.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, S.

Richardson, K. C.

Smirnov, V. I.

Spinelli, L.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, W.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Strasser, M.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. D.

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svakhin, A. S.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov "Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527-1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tishchenko, A. V.

N. Destouches, A. V. Tishchenko, J. C. Pommier, S. Reynaud, and O. Parriaux, "99% efficiency measured in the -1st order of a resonant grating," Opt. Express 13, 3230-3235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tonchev, S.

Tropper, A. C.

A. C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, "Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1-43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Loon, F.

Yoo, J.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, J. R.

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zakharian, A. R.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Zeitschel, A.

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

A. Q. Liu and X. M. Zhang, "A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers," J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1-R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J.T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz and S. W. Koch, "Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 021105 (2006)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Lindberg, M. Strasser, and A. Larsson, "Improved spectral properties of an optically pumped semiconductor disk laser using a thin diamond heat spreader as an intracavity filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1363-1365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Giet, H. D. Sun, S. Calvez, Dawson, S. Suomalainen, A. Harkonen, M. Guina, O. Okhnotnikov, and M. Pessa, "Spectral narrowing and locking of a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser using an intra-cavity volume Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1786-1788 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilised, single-frequency, vertical external cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J.-Y. Kim, S. Cho, S.-J. Lim, J. Yoo, G. B. Kim, K.-S. Kim, J. Lee, S.-M. Lee, T. Kim and Y. Park, "Efficient blue lasers based on gain structure optimizing of vertical-external cavity surface emitting laser with second harmonic generation," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 033103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst Growth

K. S. Kim, J. R. Yoo, S. M. Lee, S. J. Lim, J. Y. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Cho, T. Kim, Y. J. Park, "Highly efficient InGaAs QW vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers emitting at 1060 nm," J. Cryst Growth 287, 629-632 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Micromech. Microeng.

A. Q. Liu and X. M. Zhang, "A review of MEMS external-cavity tunable lasers," J. Micromech. Microeng. 17, R1-R13 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov "Reflection of a beam of finite size from a corrugated waveguide," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527-1539 (1989)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

J. Chilla, S. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

A. C. Tropper and S. Hoogland, "Extended cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 30, 1-43 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, "Total reflection of light from the corrugated surface of a dielectric waveguide," Sov. J. Quantum Electron.,  15, 886-887 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. Zorabedian, "Tunable External-cavity semiconductors lasers," in Tunable laser handbook, F. J. Duarte, ed., (Academic, 1995), pp. 349-442.

A. Maclean, A. J. Kemp, S. Calvez, J.-Y. Kim, T. Kim, M. D. Dawson and D. Burns, "Continuous tuning and efficient intra-cavity generation in a semiconductor disk laser with intra-cavity heatspreader," accepted for publication in IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) HRG reflectivity curves for 7.64° incidence angle. Inset: Atomic Force Microscope image of part of the HRG top surface (b) Angular dependence of the HRG TE- reflectivity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Plan schematic of the laser cavity setup

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Power transfer (ROC=97%) and (b) spectral characteristics of the SDL using conventional output couplers. The pink star corresponds to the best laser results obtained when using the HRG intra-cavity (see next section).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tunability characteristics of the SDL with intra-cavity HRG. The laser emission wavelength corresponding to particular incidence angles are given below.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser spectral characteristics for an incidence angle of (a) 7.64°, (b) 8.26° and 10°C water cooling. The spectra are deliberately vertically offset by 30dB for improved visibility

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser power transfers recorded for 3 angles of incidence representative of the three respective regimes of operation.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Spectral analysis of grating-controlled regime with α=7.89° and 200mW output power using (a) an optical spectrum analyzer and (b) a commercial Fabry-Perot interferometer.

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