Abstract

One of the main limitations of integral imaging is the narrow viewing angle. This drawback comes from the limited field of view of microlenses during the pickup and display. We propose a novel all-optical technique which allows the substantial increase of the field of view of any microlens and therefore of the viewing angle of integral-imaging displays.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (2)

2006 (4)

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

2003 (2)

2002 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1988 (1)

1971 (1)

1968 (1)

1931 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. (Paris) 7, 821-825 (1908).

1838 (1)

C. Wheatstone: "On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision," Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,  128, 371-394 (1838).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (8)

L. Yang, M. McCornicky N. Davies, "Discussion of the optics of a new 3-D imaging system," Appl. Opt. 27, 4529-4534 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yayuma, "Real time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, "Gradient-index lens-array method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images," Appl. Opt. 37,2034-2045 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Viewing-angle-enhanced integral imaging by elemental image resizing and elemental lens switching," Appl. Opt. 41, 6875-6883 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Okoshi, "Optimum design and depth resolution of lens-sheet and projection-type three-dimensional displays," Appl. Opt. 10, 2284-2291 (1971).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Martínez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca and G. Saavedra, "Integral imaging with improved depth of field by use of amplitude-modulated microlens array," Appl. Opt. 43, 5806-5813 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Wide-viewing-angle integral three-dimensional imaging system by curving a screen and a lens array," Appl. Opt. 44, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Arai, M. Okui, T. Yamashita, and F. Okano, "Integral three-dimensional television using a 2000-scanning-line video system," Appl. Opt. 45, 1704-1712 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

G. Lippmann, "Epreuves reversibles donnant la sensation du relief," J. Phys. (Paris) 7, 821-825 (1908).

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London (1)

C. Wheatstone: "On some remarkable, and hitherto unobserved, phenomena of binocular vision," Philos. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,  128, 371-394 (1838).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional sensing, visualization and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

B. Javidi and F. Okano eds, Three Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies, Springer Verlag Berlin, 2002

R. Smith, A Complete System of Optics in Four Books, viz. A popular, a mathematical, a mechanical, and a philosophical treatise. To which are added remarks upon the whole. Vol. 2 (Cambridge, 1738).

W. Porterfield, A Treatise on the Eye, the Manner and Phaenomena of Vision. (Edinburgh: Hamilton and Balfour, 1759).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: GIF (3104 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The pickup of a InI system. (a) The elemental images can invade the neighbor elemental cells; (b) The opaque barriers prevent from the overlapping between elemental images

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pickup stage with the TRES inserted between the MLA and the image sensor. Micro EP is the conjugate of the aperture stop through the microlens.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The viewing angle is determined by the pitch and focal length of the microlenses.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Illustration of the MATRES. (a) The telecentricity condition holds in three directions; (b) In this figure we show the three micro EPs corresponding to a single microlens, and show that there is no crosstalk between picked up images.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

3D display with MATRES enlarges the viewing angle by a factor of three. As in the pickup, the micro-EPs are the conjugate of the aperture stops through the field lens.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Set of 25×25 elemental images obtained with: (a) The central camera lens; (b) The righthand side camera lens.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Reconstructed images obtained with conventional setup (left movie) and with the MATRES (right movie). (Video file of 3.1 Mb). [Media 1]

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