Abstract

The robustness and prolongation of multiple filamentation (MF) for femtosecond laser propagation in air are investigated experimentally and numerically. It is shown that the number, pattern, propagation distance, and spatial stability of MF can be controlled by a variable-aperture on-axis pinhole. The random MF pattern can be optimized to a deterministic pattern. In our numerical simulations, we configured double filaments to principlly simulate the experimental MF interactions. It is experimentally and numerically demonstrated that the pinhole can reduce the modulational instability of MF and is favorable for a more stable MF evolution.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, "Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femotosecond laser pulses in air: Prefocused versus free propagation," Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Y. Zhong, C. Z. Zang, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, and Z. Y. Wei, "Fluorescence measurement and acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels in air," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 299-303 (2006).

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. T. Li, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, Z. H. Wang, W. J. Ling, and Z. Y. Wei, "Spatial evolution of multiple filaments in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 14, 773-778 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, "Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (7)

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Méjean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Multiple filamentation of terawatt laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, "Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J. -F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Aközbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 35-38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Organizing multiple femtosecond filaments in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dubietis, G. Tamošauskas, G. Fibich, and B. Ilan, "Multiple filamentation induced by input-beam ellipticity," Opt. Lett. 29, 1126-1128 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Fibich and B. Ilan, "Deterministic vectorial effects lead to multiple filamentation," Opt. Lett. 26, 840-842 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Fibich, S. Eisenmann, B. Ilan, and A. Zigler, "Control of multiple filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 29, 1772-1774 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. -B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. -P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (6)

H. Schillinger and R. Sauerbrey, "Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 68, 753-756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. -B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505-3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, "Optically turbulent femtosecond light guide in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, "Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser pulse in air," Opt. Commun. 171, 285-290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, M. P. Tamatov, A. Brodeur, and S. L. Chin, "Nucleation and random movement of filaments in the propagation of high-power laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Quantum Electron. 29, 911-915 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J. -C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, "Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air," Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, "Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879-1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, "Femtosecond atmospheric lamp," Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

1995 (1)

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, Z. Zhang, J. Y. Zhong, C. Z. Zang, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, and Z. Y. Wei, "Fluorescence measurement and acoustic diagnostics of plasma channels in air," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 299-303 (2006).

Appl. Phys. B (3)

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J. -F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Aközbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 80, 35-38 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, "Filamentation nonlinear optics," Appl. Phys. B 86, 477-483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Schillinger and R. Sauerbrey, "Electrical conductivity of long plasma channels in air generated by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 68, 753-756 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, "Self-focusing and guiding of short laser pulses in ionizing gases and plasmas," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1879-1914 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Laser Optoelektron. (1)

L. Wöste, C. Wedekind, H. Wille, P. Rairoux, B. Stein, S. Nikolov, C. Werner, S. Niedermeier, F. Ronneberger, H. Schillinger, and R. Sauerbrey, "Femtosecond atmospheric lamp," Laser Optoelektron. 29, 51-53 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, "Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser pulse in air," Opt. Commun. 171, 285-290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

B. La Fontaine, F. Vidal, Z. Jiang, C. Y. Chien, D. Comtois, A. Desparois, T. W. Johnston, J. -C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, and H. P. Mercure, "Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air," Phys. Plasmas 6, 1615-1621 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, "Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. A 70, 033802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Q. Hao, J. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. H. Yuan, Z. Y. Zheng, X. Lu, Z. Jin, Z. H. Wang, J. Y. Zhong, and Y. Q. Liu, "Characteristics of multiple filaments generated by femotosecond laser pulses in air: Prefocused versus free propagation," Phys. Rev. E 74, 066402 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. -B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 60, R3505-3507 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Organizing multiple femtosecond filaments in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 035003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mlejnek, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, "Optically turbulent femtosecond light guide in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2938-2941 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Bergé, S. Skupin, F. Lederer, G. Méjean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Multiple filamentation of terawatt laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 225002 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Bergé, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Breakup and fusion of self-guided femtosecond light pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5470-5473 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Xi, X. Lu, and J. Zhang, "Interaction of light filaments generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 025003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, M. P. Tamatov, A. Brodeur, and S. L. Chin, "Nucleation and random movement of filaments in the propagation of high-power laser radiation in a turbulent atmosphere," Quantum Electron. 29, 911-915 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. -B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. -P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. Z0=190 cm is the position of the pinhole. The insert shows the copper pinhole.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A typical profile of the plasma channel with laser energy of 35 mJ. The position of the arrow is the geometrical focus.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The filaments propagation distance from the lens versus the diameter of the pinhole.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Typical traverse filamentation patterns at Z=520 cm (a) and Z=690 cm (b) versus the diameter of the pinhole.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The energy fluence distribution (fluenceiso=1.65) of the configured double filaments along the propagation direction when the insert diaphragm diameter is ∞ (without pinhole) (a); 0.4 mm (b); 0.6 mm (c); 0.8 mm (d); 1.0 mm (e); 1.2 mm (f); 1.4 mm (g); 1.6 mm (h); 1.8 mm (i); 2.0 mm (j) at the initial distance (corresponding to z0=190 cm in the experiment); 0.6 mm at the distance of 5 cm (k) and 10 cm (l) from the initial distance.

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