Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate light storage and release in a four-level double-lambda atomic system of a Pr 3+:Y2SiO5 crystal. Based on the technique of light storage, we realize optical information transfer between two light channels. The coherent optical information of a probe pulse stored in the crystal can be selectively released into two different light channels by varying the frequency and propagation direction of the switch-on control field.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094-5097 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature (London) 409, 490-493 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Phase coherence and control of stored photonic information," Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Gao, M. Rosenberry, and H. Batelaan, "Light storage with light of arbitrary polarization," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053807 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. F. Chen, C. Y. Wang, S. H. Wang, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level cross-phase-modulation based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043603 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Wang, S. J. Li, H. B. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, "Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043801 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M. G. Payne, "Observation of quantum destructive interference in inelastic two-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083604 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SiO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. S. Ham, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, "Efficient electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped crystal," Opt. Commun. 144, 227-230 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherence switching in a four-level system: quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Population transfer via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a solid," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053410 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Observation of coherent population transfer in a four-level tripod system with a rare-earth-metal-ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. A 75, 022404 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Klein, F. Beil, and T. Halfmann, "Robust population transfer by stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113003 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M. G. Payne, "Observation of quantum destructive interference in inelastic two-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Observation of coherent population transfer in a four-level tripod system with a rare-earth-metal-ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. A 75, 022404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Klein, F. Beil, and T. Halfmann, "Robust population transfer by stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Population transfer via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a solid," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053410 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. Y. Wang, S. H. Wang, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level cross-phase-modulation based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

B. Wang, S. J. Li, H. B. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, "Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

H. Gao, M. Rosenberry, and H. Batelaan, "Light storage with light of arbitrary polarization," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Phase coherence and control of stored photonic information," Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature (London) 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherence switching in a four-level system: quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094-5097 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Ham, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, "Efficient electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped crystal," Opt. Commun. 144, 227-230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SiO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, "Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses," Nature (London) 409, 490-493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. S. Ham, P. R. Hemmer, and M. S. Shahriar, "Efficient electromagnetically induced transparency in a rare-earth doped crystal," Opt. Commun. 144, 227-230 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (5)

B. Wang, S. J. Li, H. B. Wu, H. Chang, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, "Controlled release of stored optical pulses in an atomic ensemble into two separate photonic channels," Phys. Rev. A 72, 043801 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, J. Hager, D. F. Phillips, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Phase coherence and control of stored photonic information," Phys. Rev. A 65, 031802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, M. Rosenberry, and H. Batelaan, "Light storage with light of arbitrary polarization," Phys. Rev. A 67, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Population transfer via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a solid," Phys. Rev. A 74, 053410 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Goto, and K. Ichimura, "Observation of coherent population transfer in a four-level tripod system with a rare-earth-metal-ion-doped crystal," Phys. Rev. A 75, 022404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Holliday, M. Croci, E. Vauthey, and U. P. Wild, "Spectral hole burning and holography in an Y2SiO5:Pr3+ crystal," Phys. Rev. B 47, 14741-14752 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, "Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 52, 3963-3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

K. J. Jiang, L. Deng, and M. G. Payne, "Observation of quantum destructive interference in inelastic two-wave mixing," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 083604 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Coherence switching in a four-level system: quantum switching," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4080-4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. R. Hemmer, "Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, "Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, C. Y. Wang, S. H. Wang, and I. A. Yu, "Low-light-level cross-phase-modulation based on stored light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043603 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Zibrov, A. B. Matsko, O. Kocharovskaya, Y. V. Rostovtsev, G. R. Welch, and M. O. Scully, "Transporting and time reversing light via atomic coherence," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Phillips, A. Fleischhauer, A. Mair, R. L. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, "Storage of light in atomic vapor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 783-786 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, "Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094-5097 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Klein, F. Beil, and T. Halfmann, "Robust population transfer by stimulated Raman adiabatic passage in a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 113003 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Today 50, 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The related energy level diagram for Pr:YSO.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pulse sequences of the four fields in the experiment. The diagrams from top to bottom correspond to the fields of frequencies ωc, ωp and ωr and ω c2, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. BS: beam splitter; L: lens; AOM: acoustooptic modulator; PD: photodiode; OS: oscilloscope.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(Color online) Slow light demonstration. The dash line corresponds to the reference probe pulse in the absence of the control field and repump field.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Light storage and release demonstration for 10 µs storage time. (a) and (b) demonstrate that the control field ωc is switched on in the release process. (c) and (d) demonstrate that the control-2 field ωc2 is switched on in the release process.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Light storage and release demonstration for 20 µs storage time. (a) and (b) demonstrate that the control field ωc is switched on in the release process. (c) and (d) demonstrate that the control-2 field ωc2 is switched on in the release process.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(Color online) The shape of the restored pulse ω p2 with the different intensities of the switch-on control-2 field ωc2 . The intensity of the control-2 field: (a) 14 mW, (b) 8 mW, and (c) 4 mW.

Metrics