Abstract

We study the second-harmonic (SH) parametric processes in unpoled crystals of Strontium Barium Niobate (SBN) with disordered structures of ferroelectric domains. Such crystals allow for the simultaneous phase matching of several second-order nonlinear processes. We analyze the polarization properties of these parametric processes using two types of generation schemes: quasi-collinear SH generation and transverse SH generation. From our experimental data we determine the ratio of d32 and d33 components of the second order susceptibility tensor and also the statistical properties of the random structure of the SBN crystal.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Zernike and J. E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).
  2. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 2631-2654 (1992).
  3. M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haidar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, "Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials," Nature (London) 432, 374-376 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. E. Skipetrov, "Disorder is the new order," Nature (London) 432, 285-286 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Yu. Morozov, A. A. Kaminskii, A. S. Chirkin, and D. B. Yusupov, "Second optical harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals with a disordered domain structure," JETP Lett. 73, 647-650 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Vidal and J. Martorell, "Generation of light in media with a random distribution of nonlinear domains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013902 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, "Noncollinear optical frequency doubling in strontium barium niobate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, W. Krolikowski, and Yu. S. Kivshar, "Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191105(3) (2006).
  9. R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov,W. Krolikowski, Yu. S. Kivshar, "Monitoring ultrashort pulses by transverse frequency doubling of counterpropagating pulses in random media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104(3) (2007).
  10. B. F. Johnston, P. Dekker, M. J. Withford, S. M. Saltiel, and Yu. S. Kivshar, "Simultaneous phase matching and internal interference of two second-order nonlinear parametric processes," Opt. Express 14, 11756-11765 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. J. Romero, C. Arago, J. A. Gonzalo, D. Jaque, and J. Garcia Sole, "Spectral and thermal properties of quasiphase-matching second-harmonic generation in Nd3+:Sr0.6Ba0.4(NbO3)2 multi-self-frequency-converter nonlinear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3111-3113 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. O. Ramirez. D. Jaque, L. Ivleva, and L. E. Bausa, "Evaluation of ytterbium doped strontium barium niobate as a potential tunable laser crystal in the visible," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6185-6191 (2004).
  13. M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Broadband second-harmonic generation in SrBaNb2O6 by spread spectrum phase matching with controllable domain gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619-2621 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Th. Woike, T. Granzow, U. D¨orfler, Ch. Poetsch, M. W¨ohlecke, and R. Pankrath, "Refractive Indices of Congruently Melting Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6," Phys. Status Solidi A 186, R13-R15 (2001).
  15. E. Yu. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, "Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 34, 227-232 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Le Grand, D. Rouede, C. Odin, R. Aubry, and S. Mattauch, "Second-harmonic scattering by domains in RbH2PO4 ferroelectric," Opt. Commun. 200, 249-260 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Dolino, "Effects of domain shapes on second harmonic scattering in Triglycine Sulfate," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025-4035 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. R. Jeggo and G. D. Boyd, "Nonlinear optical polarizability of the Niobium-Oxygen bond," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2741-2743 (1970).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2004

M. O. Ramirez. D. Jaque, L. Ivleva, and L. E. Bausa, "Evaluation of ytterbium doped strontium barium niobate as a potential tunable laser crystal in the visible," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6185-6191 (2004).

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haidar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, "Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials," Nature (London) 432, 374-376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Skipetrov, "Disorder is the new order," Nature (London) 432, 285-286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Yu. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, "Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 34, 227-232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, "Noncollinear optical frequency doubling in strontium barium niobate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Romero, C. Arago, J. A. Gonzalo, D. Jaque, and J. Garcia Sole, "Spectral and thermal properties of quasiphase-matching second-harmonic generation in Nd3+:Sr0.6Ba0.4(NbO3)2 multi-self-frequency-converter nonlinear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3111-3113 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

E. Yu. Morozov, A. A. Kaminskii, A. S. Chirkin, and D. B. Yusupov, "Second optical harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals with a disordered domain structure," JETP Lett. 73, 647-650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Le Grand, D. Rouede, C. Odin, R. Aubry, and S. Mattauch, "Second-harmonic scattering by domains in RbH2PO4 ferroelectric," Opt. Commun. 200, 249-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Th. Woike, T. Granzow, U. D¨orfler, Ch. Poetsch, M. W¨ohlecke, and R. Pankrath, "Refractive Indices of Congruently Melting Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6," Phys. Status Solidi A 186, R13-R15 (2001).

1993

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Broadband second-harmonic generation in SrBaNb2O6 by spread spectrum phase matching with controllable domain gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619-2621 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 2631-2654 (1992).

1972

G. Dolino, "Effects of domain shapes on second harmonic scattering in Triglycine Sulfate," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025-4035 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970

C. R. Jeggo and G. D. Boyd, "Nonlinear optical polarizability of the Niobium-Oxygen bond," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2741-2743 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Horowitz, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Broadband second-harmonic generation in SrBaNb2O6 by spread spectrum phase matching with controllable domain gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2619-2621 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, "Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-28, 2631-2654 (1992).

J. Appl. Phys.

J. J. Romero, C. Arago, J. A. Gonzalo, D. Jaque, and J. Garcia Sole, "Spectral and thermal properties of quasiphase-matching second-harmonic generation in Nd3+:Sr0.6Ba0.4(NbO3)2 multi-self-frequency-converter nonlinear crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3111-3113 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. O. Ramirez. D. Jaque, L. Ivleva, and L. E. Bausa, "Evaluation of ytterbium doped strontium barium niobate as a potential tunable laser crystal in the visible," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6185-6191 (2004).

C. R. Jeggo and G. D. Boyd, "Nonlinear optical polarizability of the Niobium-Oxygen bond," J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2741-2743 (1970).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

E. Yu. Morozov, A. A. Kaminskii, A. S. Chirkin, and D. B. Yusupov, "Second optical harmonic generation in nonlinear crystals with a disordered domain structure," JETP Lett. 73, 647-650 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

M. Baudrier-Raybaut, R. Haidar, Ph. Kupecek, Ph. Lemasson, and E. Rosencher, "Random quasi-phase-matching in bulk polycrystalline isotropic nonlinear materials," Nature (London) 432, 374-376 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Skipetrov, "Disorder is the new order," Nature (London) 432, 285-286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. Le Grand, D. Rouede, C. Odin, R. Aubry, and S. Mattauch, "Second-harmonic scattering by domains in RbH2PO4 ferroelectric," Opt. Commun. 200, 249-260 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

G. Dolino, "Effects of domain shapes on second harmonic scattering in Triglycine Sulfate," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4025-4035 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

X. Vidal and J. Martorell, "Generation of light in media with a random distribution of nonlinear domains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013902 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Tunyagi, M. Ulex, and K. Betzler, "Noncollinear optical frequency doubling in strontium barium niobate," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 243901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A

Th. Woike, T. Granzow, U. D¨orfler, Ch. Poetsch, M. W¨ohlecke, and R. Pankrath, "Refractive Indices of Congruently Melting Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6," Phys. Status Solidi A 186, R13-R15 (2001).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

E. Yu. Morozov and A. S. Chirkin, "Stochastic quasi-phase matching in nonlinear-optical crystals with an irregular domain structure," Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 34, 227-232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

F. Zernike and J. E. Midwinter, Applied Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1973).

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, W. Krolikowski, and Yu. S. Kivshar, "Broadband femtosecond frequency doubling in random media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191105(3) (2006).

R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, S. M. Saltiel, A. A. Sukhorukov,W. Krolikowski, Yu. S. Kivshar, "Monitoring ultrashort pulses by transverse frequency doubling of counterpropagating pulses in random media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 031104(3) (2007).

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