Abstract

The authors report supercontinuum generation in an ultrafast-laser inscribed chalcogenide glass waveguide. The waveguides were fabricated using a Yb:glass cavity-dumped femtosecond oscillator with 600-kHz repetition rate. The waveguides were pumped using an optical parametric amplifier tuned to 1500 nm with a bandwidth of 100 nm. The broadest resulting supercontinuum spanned 600 nm (at -15 dB points) from 1320 to 1920 nm. The supercontinuum was generated in the normal dispersion regime, enhancing stability, and exhibits a smooth spectral shape.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007 (3)

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V.G. Ta’eed, N.J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M.R.E. Lamont, D.J. Moss, H.C. Nguyen, B.J. Eggelton, D.Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits,” Opt. Express 15, 9205–9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (5)

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical Frequency Metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, X.D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Ghanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K.R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of Stable Continuum Generation at High Repetition Rates,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 773–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, “Low power all-optical switching in a nonlinear optical loop mirror using chalcogenide glass fibre,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1396–1397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 139–149 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.D

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, “Low power all-optical switching in a nonlinear optical loop mirror using chalcogenide glass fibre,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1396–1397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Baker, N.J.

Bindra, K.S.

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blewett, I.J.

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blömer, D.

Bookey, H.T.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brown, G.

Brunéel, J.L.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, S.

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, T.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J-F. Viens, C. Meneghini, A. Villeneuve, T.V. Galstian, E.J. Knystautas, M.A. Duguay, K.A. Richardson, and T. Cardinal, “Fabrication and characterization of integrated optical waveguides in sulfide chalcogenide glasses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1184–1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiodo, N.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, D.Y.

Chudoba, C.

Couzi, M.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dreisow, F.

Duguay, M.A.

Efimov, O.M.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eggelton, B.J.

Eggleton, B.J.

Finsterbusch, K.

Fu, L.

Fu, L.B.

Fuflyigin, V.N.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J.G.

Galstian, T.V.

Ghanta, R.K.

Glebov, L.B.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J.T.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical Frequency Metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Hewak, D.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hô, N.

Holzwarth, R.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical Frequency Metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hughes, M.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.P.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jarvis, R.

Jha, A.

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, “Low power all-optical switching in a nonlinear optical loop mirror using chalcogenide glass fibre,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1396–1397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A.K.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

King, W.A.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knystautas, E.J.

Ko, T.H.

Kubota, H.

K.R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of Stable Continuum Generation at High Repetition Rates,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 773–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M.R.E.

Li, W.

Li, X.D.

Littler, I.C.M.

Liu, X.

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lobino, M.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Madsen, N.

Marangoni, M.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meneghini, C.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D.J.

Nakazawa, M.

K.R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of Stable Continuum Generation at High Repetition Rates,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 773–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H.C.

Nguyen, V.Q.

Nolte, S.

Ohara, T.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, “Low power all-optical switching in a nonlinear optical loop mirror using chalcogenide glass fibre,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1396–1397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S.H.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Pelusi, M.

Psaila, N. D.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N.D.

Pureza, L.B.

Qiu, J.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J.K.

Reid, D.T.

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Richardson, K.A.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J-F. Viens, C. Meneghini, A. Villeneuve, T.V. Galstian, E.J. Knystautas, M.A. Duguay, K.A. Richardson, and T. Cardinal, “Fabrication and characterization of integrated optical waveguides in sulfide chalcogenide glasses,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1184–1191 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

Rivero, C.

Rochette, M.

Rode, A.

Ruan, Y.

Sanghera, J.S.

Schenkel, B.

Schreiber, T.

Schulte, A.

Shank, C. V.

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 139–149 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, P.C.

Shen, S.

Shurgalin, M.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 139–149 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Szameit, A.

Ta’eed, V.G.

Tamura, K.R.

K.R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of Stable Continuum Generation at High Repetition Rates,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 773–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thielen, P.A.

Thomson, R.R.

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N.D. Psaila, R.R. Thomson, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, G. Brown, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Femtosecond laser inscription of optical waveguides in Bismuth ion doped glass,” Opt. Express 14, 10452–10459 (2006).
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W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 139–149 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

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Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical Frequency Metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallée, R.

Van Stryland, E.

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Viens, J-F.

Villeneuve, A.

Wherrett, B.S.

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
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M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K.S. Bindra, H.T. Bookey, A.K. Kar, B.S. Wherrett, X. Liu, and A. Jha, “Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses: Observation of multiphoton absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1939–1941 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Miura, J. Qiu, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, “Photowritten optical waveguides in various glasses with ultrashort pulse laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3329–3331 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R.R. Thomson, S. Campbell, I.J. Blewett, A.K. Kar, and D.T. Reid, “Optical waveguide fabrication in z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) using femtosecond pulses in the low repetition rate regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, M. Lobino, N. Chiodo, M. Marangoni, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, H.T. Bookey, R.R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, and A.K. Kar, “Femtosecond laser writing of waveguides in periodically poled lithium niobate preserving the nonlinear coefficient,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, “Low power all-optical switching in a nonlinear optical loop mirror using chalcogenide glass fibre,” Electron. Lett. 32, 1396–1397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

K.R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of Stable Continuum Generation at High Repetition Rates,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 36, 773–779 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J.T. Gopinath, M. Soljacic, E.P. Ippen, V.N. Fuflyigin, W.A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6931–6933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses chirped by self-phase modulation in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 1, 139–149 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical Frequency Metrology,” Nature 416, 233–237 (2002)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mat. (1)

O.M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, K.A. Richardson, E. Van Stryland, T. Cardinal, S.H. Park, M. Couzi, and J.L. Brunéel, “Waveguide writing in chalcogenide glasses by a train of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mat. 17, 379–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig 1.
Fig 1.

Diagram showing (a) microscope image of waveguide facet, (b) light coupled into the top central region of the waveguide, (c) light coupled into the central elongated region, (d) light coupled into all guiding regions simultaneously. The fabrication beam entered the sample from the top.

Fig 2.
Fig 2.

Diagram of experimental setup for continuum generation

Fig 3.
Fig 3.

Graph showing supercontinuum and OPA pump spectra

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