Abstract

Both quasi-TE and TM polarisation spectra for a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide are recorded over (1100-1700)nm using a broadband supercontinuum source. By studying both the input and output polarisation eigenstates we observe narrowband resonant cross coupling near the lowest quasi-TE mode cut-off. We also observe relatively broadband mixing between the two eigenstates to generate a complete photonic bandgap. By careful analysis of the output polarisation state we report on an inherent non-reciprocity between quasi TE and TM fundamental mode cross coupling. The nature of polarisation distinction in such bandgap structures is discussed in the context of polarisation scattering at an interface.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

P.I. Borel, B. Bilenberg, L.H. Frandsen, T. Nielsen, J. Fage-Pedersen, A.V. Lavrinenko, J.S. Jensen, O. Sigmund, and A. Kristensen, "Imprinted silicon-based nanophotonics," Opt. Express 15, 1261-1266 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon Photonics," J. Lightwave Technol  24, 46100-4615 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, "Recent Progresses and Future Prospects of Two- and Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4554-4567, (2006)
[CrossRef]

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, Y. A. Vlasov, "Mapping the optical properties of slab-type two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 11572 (2005)
[CrossRef]

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, "Numerical characterization of nanopillar photonic crystal waveguides and directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 331-341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Tetu, M. Kristensen, L.H. Frandsen, A. Harpøth, P.I Borel, J.S. Jensen and O. Sigmund, "Broadband topology-optimized photonic crystal components for both TE and TM polarizations," Opt. Express 13, 8606-8611 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

2003

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

1994

C. M. de Sterke, I. M. Bassett and A. G. Street, "Differential losses in Bragg fibres," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Anand, S.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Andersen, K. N.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Asano, T.

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuta, and S. Noda, "Analysis of a line-defect waveguide on a silicon-on-insulator two dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. lightwave Technol. 22, 2787-2792 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Aslund, M.

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Åslund, M.

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I.

Bassett, I. M.

C. M. de Sterke, I. M. Bassett and A. G. Street, "Differential losses in Bragg fibres," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bilenberg, B.

Bjarklev, A.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borel, P. I

Borel, P. I.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lavrinenko, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, M. Kristensen, T. Niemi, "Comprehensive FDTD modelling of photonic crystal waveguide components," Opt. Express 12, 234-248 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, "Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. 3, 72, 035118∼ ‖2005)

Borel, P.I.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, "Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. 3, 72, 035118∼ ‖2005)

Canning, J.

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, D. Moss, "Grating-based transmission bandpass filters using dispersion matched mode conversion," Opt. Lett.  23, 174-176 (1998)
[CrossRef]

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cerrina, F.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Chigrin, D. N.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, "Numerical characterization of nanopillar photonic crystal waveguides and directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 331-341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

C. M. de Sterke, I. M. Bassett and A. G. Street, "Differential losses in Bragg fibres," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C.M.

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, M.

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, Y. A. Vlasov, "Mapping the optical properties of slab-type two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 11572 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Fage-Pedersen, J.

P.I. Borel, B. Bilenberg, L.H. Frandsen, T. Nielsen, J. Fage-Pedersen, A.V. Lavrinenko, J.S. Jensen, O. Sigmund, and A. Kristensen, "Imprinted silicon-based nanophotonics," Opt. Express 15, 1261-1266 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fathpour, S.

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon Photonics," J. Lightwave Technol  24, 46100-4615 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Ferrini, R.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tetu, M. Kristensen, L.H. Frandsen, A. Harpøth, P.I Borel, J.S. Jensen and O. Sigmund, "Broadband topology-optimized photonic crystal components for both TE and TM polarizations," Opt. Express 13, 8606-8611 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lavrinenko, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, M. Kristensen, T. Niemi, "Comprehensive FDTD modelling of photonic crystal waveguide components," Opt. Express 12, 234-248 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, "Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. 3, 72, 035118∼ ‖2005)

Frandsen, L.H.

Gerace, D.

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, O.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harpøth, A.

Hatsuta, R.

Houdré, R.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Jacobsen, R. S.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon Photonics," J. Lightwave Technol  24, 46100-4615 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. S.

Jensen, J.S.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Judd, A.

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M-K.

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Kitagaw, H.

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

Kristensen, M.

Kroha, J.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

Lavrinenko, A.

Lavrinenko, A. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, "Numerical characterization of nanopillar photonic crystal waveguides and directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 331-341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lavrinenko, A.V.

Lee, K. K.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y-H.

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. R.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Martz, J.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, Y. A. Vlasov, "Mapping the optical properties of slab-type two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 11572 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moss, D.

Moulin, G.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mulot, M.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, T.

Niemi, T.

Noda, S.

S. Noda, "Recent Progresses and Future Prospects of Two- and Three-Dimensional Photonic Crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4554-4567, (2006)
[CrossRef]

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuta, and S. Noda, "Analysis of a line-defect waveguide on a silicon-on-insulator two dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. lightwave Technol. 22, 2787-2792 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Nüesch, F.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peucheret, C.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poladian, L.

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Y.

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Shi, P.

Shin, J.

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Sigmund, O.

Song, B-S.

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Street, A. G.

C. M. de Sterke, I. M. Bassett and A. G. Street, "Differential losses in Bragg fibres," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Takayama, S.

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, R. Hatsuta, and S. Noda, "Analysis of a line-defect waveguide on a silicon-on-insulator two dimensional photonic crystal slab," J. lightwave Technol. 22, 2787-2792 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Tetu, A.

Thorhauge, M.

Torres, C. M. S.

D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, "Numerical characterization of nanopillar photonic crystal waveguides and directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 331-341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, Y. A. Vlasov, "Mapping the optical properties of slab-type two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 11572 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V. S.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, "Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. 3, 72, 035118∼ ‖2005)

Weiss, P.

P. Weiss, "Straining for speed: In search of faster electronics, chipmakers contort silicon crystals," Science News Online 165, 136 (2004) and refs therein.

Wild, B.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Zhukovsky, S. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

Zsigri, B.

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zuppiroli, L.

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett.

Y. Ruan, M-K. Kim, Y-H. Lee, B. Luther-Davies, A, Rode, "Fabrication of high-Q chalcogenide photonic crystal resonators by e-beam lithography," App. Phys. Lett.  90, 071102 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Takayama, H. Kitagaw, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Experimental demonstration of complete photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 061107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, B-S. Song, S. Noda, "Theoretical investigation of a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab with truncated cone air holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1661-1663 (2003)
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

C. M. de Sterke, I. M. Bassett and A. G. Street, "Differential losses in Bragg fibres," J. Appl. Phys. 76, 680 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Martz, R. Ferrini, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli, B. Wild, L. A. Dunbar, and R. Houdré, M. Mulot and S. Anand, "Liquid crystal infiltration of InP-based planar photonic crystals," J. Appl. Phys.  99, 101531 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol

B. Jalali, S. Fathpour, "Silicon Photonics," J. Lightwave Technol  24, 46100-4615 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

R. S. Jacobsen, K. N. Andersen, P. I. Borel, J. Fage-Pedersen, L. H. Frandsen, O. Hansen, M. Kristensen, A. V. Lavrinenko, G. Moulin, H. Ou, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, and A. Bjarklev, "Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material," Nature 441, 199 - 202 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

I. Bassett and A. Argyros, "Elimination of polarisation degeneracy in round waveguides," Opt. Express 10, 1342-1346 (2002).
[PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.H. Frandsen, A. Harpøth, P.I. Borel, M. Kristensen, J.S. Jensen, and O. Sigmund, "Broadband photonic crystal waveguide 60° bend obtained utilizing topology optimization," Opt. Express 12, 5916-5921 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.I. Borel, B. Bilenberg, L.H. Frandsen, T. Nielsen, J. Fage-Pedersen, A.V. Lavrinenko, J.S. Jensen, O. Sigmund, and A. Kristensen, "Imprinted silicon-based nanophotonics," Opt. Express 15, 1261-1266 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. I. Borel, A. Harpøth, L. H. Frandsen, M. Kristensen, P. Shi, J. S. Jensen, and O. Sigmund, "Topology optimization and fabrication of photonic crystal structures," Opt. Express 12, 1996-2001 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Tetu, M. Kristensen, L.H. Frandsen, A. Harpøth, P.I Borel, J.S. Jensen and O. Sigmund, "Broadband topology-optimized photonic crystal components for both TE and TM polarizations," Opt. Express 13, 8606-8611 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lavrinenko, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, M. Thorhauge, A. Harpøth, M. Kristensen, T. Niemi, "Comprehensive FDTD modelling of photonic crystal waveguide components," Opt. Express 12, 234-248 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

J. Canning, D. Moss, "Grating-based transmission bandpass filters using dispersion matched mode conversion," Opt. Lett.  23, 174-176 (1998)
[CrossRef]

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Shin and F. Cerrina, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si(SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett.  26, 188-190 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and C. M. S. Torres, "Numerical characterization of nanopillar photonic crystal waveguides and directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 331-341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Åslund, L. Poladian, J. Canning, M. de Sterke, "Add-drop multiplexing by grating induced dispersion in multi-mode interference device," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 969-971 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

L. C. Andreani and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B.

E. Dulkeith, S. J. McNab, Y. A. Vlasov, "Mapping the optical properties of slab-type two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B. 72, 11572 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Physica Status Solidi

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, "Selective lasing in multimode periodic and non-periodic nanopillar waveguides," Physica Status Solidi(b) 244, 1211 - 1218, (2007)
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Aslund, J. Canning, C. M. de Sterke, L. Poladian, A. Judd, "Antisymmetric Grating Coupler: Experimental Results," Appl. Opt. 42, 6578-6582 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, "Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. 3, 72, 035118∼ ‖2005)

http://www.photond.com/products/crystalwave.htm>

P. Weiss, "Straining for speed: In search of faster electronics, chipmakers contort silicon crystals," Science News Online 165, 136 (2004) and refs therein.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) SEM image of 50um long photonic crystal waveguide (DUT); (b) Schematic of setup used to characterise polarisation of the photonic crystal waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Transmission spectra with both input and output P set on TE, b) Transmission spectra with input P set to launch TE and output P set to measure TM; c) Transmission spectra with both input and output P set on TM; d) Transmission spectra with input P set to launch TM and output P set to measure TE. A – optical fibre cut-off ~1270nm, B – attributed to TM stopgap; C – resonant spike.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

On the left is the calculated band diagram (resolution = Λ/16) for the photonic crystal waveguide; on the right hand side is the corresponding FDTD transmission simulation superposed on the measured transmission spectra of TE-TE and TM-TM of the PhC waveguide. Note that the graphs show normalized frequency for comparison with standard bandgap calculations rather than wavelength (λ = 0.37/Λ).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

FDTD simulation of relative conversion of Ex (TE) into Ey (TM) for the structure shown in figure 1. The conversion is normalised to the initial input Ey.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) TE data with output polariser on 45°; (b) TM date with output polariser 45 ; (c) Difference between TE and TM transmission spectra.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) TE and TM transmission normalised against unpolarised light through the photonic crystal waveguide; (b) When plotted against inverse wavelength, characteristic features of polarisation scattering from an interface are observed up to the band edge. Resonant effects beyond the edge are also visible.

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