Abstract

Optical fibers and waveguides provide unique and distinct environments for nonlinear optics, because of the combination of high intensities, long interaction lengths, and control of the propagation constants. They are also becoming of technological importance. The topic has a long history but continues to generate rapid development, most recently through the invention of the new forms of optical fiber collectively known as photonic crystal fibers. Some of the discoveries and ideas from the new fibers look set to have lasting influence in the broader field of guided-wave nonlinear optics. In this paper we introduce some of these ideas.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2007 (6)

2006 (8)

J. Y. Y. Leong, P. Petropoulos, J. H. V. Price, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. Akimakis, R. C. Moore, K. E. Frampton, V. Finazzi, X. Feng, T. M. Monro, and D. J. Richardson, “High-Nonlinearity Dispersion-Shifted Lead-Silicate Holey Fibers for Efficient 1-μm Pumped Supercontinuum Generation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 183–190 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 4928–4934 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth “Enhanced visible continuum generation from a microchip 1064nm laser” Opt. Express 14, 6188–6193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, “Pulse compression at 1.06 μm in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3504–3506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rusu and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber picosecond laser source based on nonlinear spectral compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 781135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

2005 (19)

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Travers, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Extended blue supercontinuum generation in cascaded holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30,3132–3134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression with supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22,687–693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L Gaeta, “Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express 13, 534–544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. S. de Matos, R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor , “20-kW peak power all-fiber 1.57-¼m source based on compression in air-core photonic bandgap fiber, its frequency doubling, and broadband generation from 430 to 1450 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 436–438 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Zintl, and B. Braun, “Compact multi-Watt picosecond coherent white light sources using multiple-taper fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1734–1742 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Billet, John Dudley, N. Joly, and J.C. Knight, “Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 3236–3241 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “C-band wavelength conversion in silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4341–4349 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lu, Y. Deng, and W. H. Knox, “Generation of broadband femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion-micromanaged holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1566–1568 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, “Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1782–1784 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A.L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6153𠄓6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tombelaine, C. Lesvigne, P. Leproux, L. Grossard, V. Couderc, J.-L. Auguste, J.-M. Blondy, G. Huss, and P.-H. Pioger “Ultra wide band supercontinuum generation in air-silica holey fibers by SHG-induced modulation instabilities,” Opt. Express 13, 7399–7404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, –Dispersion-Tailored Few-Mode Fibers: A Versatile Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3426–3443 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (8)

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 12, 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, ” Opt. Express 12, 835–840 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Pannepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Ultra-short pulse compression using photonic crystal fibre,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 557–563 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. Yulin, “Theory of soliton self-frequency shift cancellation by the resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (7)

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behavior in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424, 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 301, 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 11, 910–918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1623 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (10)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell , “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298, 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett , 27, 1180–1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. Hing, L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell , “Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753–764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillot, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. V. Price, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, L. Lefort, and D. J. Richardson, “Tunable femtosecond pulse source operating in the range 1.06-1.33μm based on an Yb3+-doped holey fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1286–1294 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
[PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulse in optical fibers across zero dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).
[PubMed]

2000 (3)

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stenz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, Ortigosa-Blanch W. J., W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” I.E.E.E. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, “Discrete Spatial Optical Solitons in Waveguide Arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383–3386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, G. P.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aitchison, J. S.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, “Discrete Spatial Optical Solitons in Waveguide Arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383–3386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimakis, S.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Pannepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell , “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298, 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arnold, J. M.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, Ortigosa-Blanch W. J., W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” I.E.E.E. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, J.-L.

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Pannepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benabid, F.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell , “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298, 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biancalana, F.

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Billet, C.

Birks, T. A.

Blondy, J.-M.

Bouwmans, G.

Boyd, A. R.

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, “Discrete Spatial Optical Solitons in Waveguide Arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383–3386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

J. Zhang, Q. Lin, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, G. P. Agrawal, and P. M. Fauchet, “Optical solitons in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15, 7682–7688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, B.

Campbell, S.

Chau, L.

Chen, A. Y. H.

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 426–439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behavior in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 781135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. Hing, L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell , “Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753–764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillot, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett , 27, 1180–1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, K.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

Couny, F.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, C. H. B.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cumberland, B. A.

J. C. Travers, J. M . Stone, A. B. Rulkov, B. A. Cumberland, A. K. George, S. V. Popov, J. C. Knight, and J. R. Taylor, “Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 1513203–13211 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kennedy, B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Aircore fiber based spectral compression of an all fiber integrated ultrashort pulse source,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America,2006), paper CMC3.

Dadap, J. I.

Deng, Y.

Dudley, J.

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 781135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillot, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765–771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett , 27, 1180–1182 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, John

Duligall, J.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eisenberg, H. S.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, R. Morandotti, A. R. Boyd, and J. S. Aitchison, “Discrete Spatial Optical Solitons in Waveguide Arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3383–3386 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Espinola, R.L.

Fang, A.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farr, L.

Fauchet, P. M.

Feng, X.

Finazzi, V.

Finlayson, N.

Fragnito, H. L.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K. E.

Fulconis, J.

Furusawa, K.

Gaeta, A. L

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L Gaeta, “Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A.L.

Gallagher, M.

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gander, M. J.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genty, G.

George, A. K.

George, A.K.

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

Gêrome, F.

Ghosh, S.

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L Gaeta, “Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

Gorbach, A.

Gorbach, A.V.

A.V. Gorbach and D.V. Skryabin, ‘Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers.’ Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibers,” Nature-Photonics1, 653–657 (2007); A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published) [http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/0707.1598].
[CrossRef]

A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic crystal fibers,” Nature-Photonics1, 653–657 (2007); A.V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A (to be published) [http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/0707.1598].
[CrossRef]

Goto, T.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossard, L.

Grossard, N.

Gu, X.

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Hak, D.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harvey, J. D.

Harvey, J.D.

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, F.

Hensley, C. J.

Herráez, M. G.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hing, A.

Horak, P.

Humbert, G.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huss, G.

Joly, N.

Joly, N. Y.

Joly, N.Y

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, J. D. C.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kashyap, R.

Keller, U.

B. Schenkel, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression with supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22,687–693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, R. E.

C. J. S. de Matos, R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor , “20-kW peak power all-fiber 1.57-¼m source based on compression in air-core photonic bandgap fiber, its frequency doubling, and broadband generation from 430 to 1450 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 436–438 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kennedy, B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Aircore fiber based spectral compression of an all fiber integrated ultrashort pulse source,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America,2006), paper CMC3.

Kimmel, M.

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Gêrome, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Delivery of sub-100fs pulses through 8m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression,” Opt. Express 15, 7126–7131 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, J. M . Stone, A. B. Rulkov, B. A. Cumberland, A. K. George, S. V. Popov, J. C. Knight, and J. R. Taylor, “Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 1513203–13211 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 4928–4934 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, ” Opt. Express 12, 835–840 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 12, 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 11, 910–918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature 424, 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 301, 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell , “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298, 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. Coen, A. Hing, L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell , “Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753–764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, Ortigosa-Blanch W. J., W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” I.E.E.E. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.C.

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

C. Billet, John Dudley, N. Joly, and J.C. Knight, “Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 3236–3241 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Koch, K. W.

Koch, K.W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

Kumar, V. V. R. K.

Lai, K.

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[CrossRef]

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P. K. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, and Y. C. Lee, “Radiation by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of single-mode optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 426–439 (1990).
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G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Coen, A. Hing, L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell , “Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753–764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Leproux, P.

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Lipson, M.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Pannepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Luan, F.

Ludvigsen, H.

Maier, S. A.

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maillot, H.

Mangan, B.

Mangan, B. J.

Matos, C. J. S. de

McBride, R.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Ultra-short pulse compression using photonic crystal fibre,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 557–563 (2004).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McNab, S. J.

Mogilevtsev, D.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Moore, R. C.

Morandotti, R.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murdoch, S. G.

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicolaescu, R.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishizawa, N.

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Shea, P.

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, “Tunable All-Optical Delays via Brillouin Slow Light in an Optical Fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

M. Rusu and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber picosecond laser source based on nonlinear spectral compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F.

Omenetto, F. G.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A.L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6153𠄓6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ghosh, J. E. Sharping, D. G. Ouzounov, and A. L Gaeta, “Resonant Optical Interactions with Molecules Confined in Photonic Band-Gap Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 093902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pannepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Pannepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip,” Nature 431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paschotta, R.

B. Schenkel, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, “Pulse compression with supercontinuum generation in microstructure fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22,687–693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pertsch, T.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peschel, U.

U. Peschel, R. Morandotti, J. M. Arnold, J. S. Aitchison, H. S. Eisenberg, Y. Silberberg, T. Pertsch, and F. Lederer, “Optical discrete solitons in waveguide arrays. 2. Dynamic properties,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 2637–2644 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

Pioger, P.-H.

Piredda, G.

Poletti, F.

Popov, S. V.

J. C. Travers, J. M . Stone, A. B. Rulkov, B. A. Cumberland, A. K. George, S. V. Popov, J. C. Knight, and J. R. Taylor, “Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 1513203–13211 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

J. C. Travers, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Extended blue supercontinuum generation in cascaded holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30,3132–3134 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor , “20-kW peak power all-fiber 1.57-¼m source based on compression in air-core photonic bandgap fiber, its frequency doubling, and broadband generation from 430 to 1450 nm,” Opt. Lett. 30, 436–438 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kennedy, B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Aircore fiber based spectral compression of an all fiber integrated ultrashort pulse source,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2006 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America,2006), paper CMC3.

Price, J. H. V.

Provino, L.

Ramachandran, S.

Ranka, J. K.

Rarity, J. G.

Reeves, W. H.

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

Riis, E.

G. McConnell and E. Riis, “Ultra-short pulse compression using photonic crystal fibre,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 557–563 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Rong, H.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature 433, 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, M.

Rulkov, A. B.

Rulkov, A.B.

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

Russell, P. St.

Russell, P. St. J.

F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 4928–4934 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express 13, 534–544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, ” Opt. Express 12, 835–840 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 12, 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1623 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 11, 910–918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 301, 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell , “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Hydrogen-Filled Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Science 298, 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, and G. Korn, “Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
[PubMed]

S. Coen, A. Hing, L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell , “Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753–764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, Ortigosa-Blanch W. J., W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” I.E.E.E. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 35, 63–64 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rusu, M.

M. Rusu and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber picosecond laser source based on nonlinear spectral compression,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sabert, H.

Schenkel, B.

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A. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
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D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton Self-Frequency Shift Cancellation in Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science 301, 1705–1708 (2003).
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A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

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J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

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D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
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F. Gêrome, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Delivery of sub-100fs pulses through 8m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression,” Opt. Express 15, 7126–7131 (2007).
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G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
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W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2004).
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A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 11, 910–918 (2003).
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W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
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W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibers at 850nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
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J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, Ortigosa-Blanch W. J., W.J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” I.E.E.E. Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

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G. K. L. Wong, A. Y. H. Chen, S. G. Murdoch, R. Leonhardt, J.D. Harvey, N.Y Joly, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Continuous-wave tunable optical parametric generation in a photonic-crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 22, 2505–2511 (2005).
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Nature (5)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. McNab, “Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides,” Nature 438, 65–69 (2005).
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Nature Photonics (1)

G. S. Wiederhecker, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Couny, F. Benabid, S. A. Maier, J. C. Knight, C. H. B. Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, “Field enhancement within an optical fibre with a subwavelength air core,” Nature Photonics 1, 115 –; 118 (2007).
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Opt. Express (23)

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
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F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, ” Opt. Express 12, 835–840 (2004).
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D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A.L. Gaeta, N. Venkateraman, M. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6153𠄓6159 (2005).
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F. Gêrome, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Delivery of sub-100fs pulses through 8m of hollow-core fiber using soliton compression,” Opt. Express 15, 7126–7131 (2007).
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J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. L. Gaeta, “Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 6092–6098 (2005).
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G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. J. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
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G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1623 (2003)
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R.L. Espinola, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, “C-band wavelength conversion in silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13, 4341–4349 (2005).
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J. Zhang, Q. Lin, G. Piredda, R. W. Boyd, G. P. Agrawal, and P. M. Fauchet, “Optical solitons in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15, 7682–7688 (2007).
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W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, J. M . Stone, A. B. Rulkov, B. A. Cumberland, A. K. George, S. V. Popov, J. C. Knight, and J. R. Taylor, “Optical pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 1513203–13211 (2007)
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C. Billet, John Dudley, N. Joly, and J.C. Knight, “Intermediate asymptotic evolution and photonic bandgap fiber compression of optical similaritons around 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 3236–3241 (2005).
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J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Zintl, and B. Braun, “Compact multi-Watt picosecond coherent white light sources using multiple-taper fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1734–1742 (2005).
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C. Xiong, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, and W. J. Wadsworth “Enhanced visible continuum generation from a microchip 1064nm laser” Opt. Express 14, 6188–6193 (2006).
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V. Tombelaine, C. Lesvigne, P. Leproux, L. Grossard, V. Couderc, J.-L. Auguste, J.-M. Blondy, G. Huss, and P.-H. Pioger “Ultra wide band supercontinuum generation in air-silica holey fibers by SHG-induced modulation instabilities,” Opt. Express 13, 7399–7404 (2005).
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A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear generation of very high-order UV modes in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express 11, 910–918 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 12, 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs,” Opt. Express 13, 534–544 (2005).
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G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 4614–4624 (2004).
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N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulse in optical fibers across zero dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express 10, 1151–1160 (2002).
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A.V. Gorbach and D.V. Skryabin, ‘Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers.’ Opt. Express 15, 14560–14565 (2007).
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F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 4928–4934 (2006).
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A. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 14, 9854–9863 (2006).
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Opt. Express, (1)

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. S. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express, 10, 1215–1221 (2002).

Opt. Lett , (1)

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett , 27, 1180–1182 (2002).
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Opt. Lett. (9)

K. Lai, S. G. Leon-Saval, A. Witkowska, W. J. Wadsworth, and T. A. Birks, “Wavelength-independent all-fibre mode convertors,” Opt. Lett. 32, 328–330 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, J.C. Travers, A.B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Zero dispersion wavelength decreasing photonic crystal fibres for ultraviolet-extended supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Lett. 14, 5715 (2006).

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J. C. Travers, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Extended blue supercontinuum generation in cascaded holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 30,3132–3134 (2005).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Kerr nonlinear coefficient as a function of optical attenuation for standard optical fibre, Silicon-on-insulator waveguide [6], AlGaAs waveguide [23] a highly nonlinear PCF formed from lead-silicate glass [22] and a silica-based hollow-core PCF [24]. (b) Group-velocity dispersion curves for bulk silica and three different forms of silica-based PCF, one with a hollow core [25], one with a small solid core [26] and one with a flattened dispersion profile.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning electron micrographs of four different forms of photonic crystal fiber with unusual nonlinear response. Hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers (a) have a nonlinear coefficient up to 1000 times less than that in standard single-mode fibers. Dispersion-flattened fibers (b) offer several opportunities for controlling nonlinear evolution through their broadband control of the fiber dispersion characteristics. Highly nonlinear fibers (c) have enhanced nonlinear response and can provide anomalous dispersion at shorter wavelengths than possible in conventional fibers. The fiber at (b) is single-mode for all wavelengths of light [10,11], while that in (b) has larger air holes and thus becomes multimode for short wavelengths. The similar fiber with a tiny central hole (d) has strong enhancement of the evanescent field in the central hole [29] and provides yet further degrees of freedom in engineering dispersion and nonlinear response.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Representations of fiber solitons. (a) Spectral measurement of self-shifting solitons in a fiber with negative third-order dispersion. 200fs pump pulses at 850nm generate two solitons, which compress as they shift towards longer wavelengths due to decreasing dispersion. Compression is observed as spectral broadening. Data used are from [12]. (b,c) Trapping of the blue radiation and supercontinuum formation in PCFs with positive 3rd order dispersion. (b) Computed spectrogram for a typical supercontinuum experiment showing formation of bound soliton-radiation states (200fs, 6kW pump pulse; nonlinear fiber parameter is 0.02 /W/m). Dotted line marks the zero GVD wavelength. Data used are from [41]. (c) Refractive index profile created by the accelerating solitons for the radiation at the short wavelength edge of the continuum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Adiabatic pulse compression in a tapered hollow-core fiber. Left shows the measured GVD curves for the input and output end of the tapered fibre (8 meters long) and the transmission measured through the whole tapered length. Right shows the measured pulse length at the taper output, as a function of the pulse energy, for both untapered and tapered fibers. (Figure from [34])

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Supercontinuum spectrum obtained through the use of a tapered solid-core PCF and a passively Q-switched microchip laser emitting sub-nanosecond pulses at 1060nm wavelength. The spectrum extends from below 400nm to well beyond 1700nm in the infrared. Inset shows a color photograph of the visible part of the spectrum only.

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