Abstract

Polymers containing azo-benzene groups are useful holographic recording materials. In these materials the efficient mixed amplitude and phase gratings, frequently accompanied with photoinduced - surface relief gratings, can be inscribed with polarized laser light. The light-induced transcis-trans photoisomerization of azo-benzene groups is responsible for optical anisotropy in such systems. The aim of the present work is to study the dynamics of grating inscription in Disperse Red 1 doped deoxyrbonucleic acid- hexadecyltrimethylammonium material (DR1-DNA-CTMA) using 16 ps laser pulses (532 nm, 1.3 mJ). Results are compared with that obtained for other polymeric matrices loaded with DR1. The dynamics of the grating growth, due to repeated pulses from picosecond laser with 10 Hz repetition rate, was probed by measuring the intensity of the first order of diffraction of a cw He-Ne. We report results in function of the light polarization of writing beams. In this paper we present the first results of the grating inscription in functionalized DNA (in the picosecond pulse regime).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  8. I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
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  22. A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
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  23. L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
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  24. Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
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    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Dumont and A. El Osman, "On spontaneous and photoinduced orientational mobility of dye molecules in polymers," Chem. Phys. 245, 437-462 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. Czaplicki, S. Dabos-Seignon, F. Kajzar, M. Bakasse, J. Nizioł, M. Bednarz, and B. Sahraoui, "Functionalized Azo-Carbazole Compounds for Nonlinear Optical Application," Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 8-th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks ICTON 2006 (Nottingham, United Kingdom, 2006) 283-286.
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    [CrossRef]
  30. I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  31. H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

A. J. Steckl, "DNA - a new material for photonics?," Nat. Photonics 1, 3-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

L. Tang, Z. Sun, J. Guo, Z. Wang, "Study on the interaction of anticancer drug mitoxantrone with DNA by fluorescence and Raman spectroscopies," Chin. Opt. Lett. 4, 101-104 (2006).

2005 (1)

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Cojocariu and P. Rochon, "Light-induced motions in azobenzene containing polymers," Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1479-1497 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

V. Gabelica and E. D. Pauw, "Comparison between solution - phase stability and gas - phase kinetic stability of oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes," J. Mass Spectrom. 36, 397-402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Yager and C. J. Barrett, "All-optical patterning of azo polymer films," Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 487-494 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Dumont and A. El Osman, "On spontaneous and photoinduced orientational mobility of dye molecules in polymers," Chem. Phys. 245, 437-462 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

R. Birabassov, N. Landraud, T. V. Galstyan, A. Ritcey, C. G. Bazuin, and T. Rahem, "Thick dye-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) films for real-time holography," Appl. Opt. 37, 8264-8269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, "Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in Azo Polymer Films," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836-8842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, "Criteria for Raman-Nath regime diffraction by phase gratings," Opt. Commun. 32, 19-23 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Baba, K.

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bala, W.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barrett, C. J.

K. G. Yager and C. J. Barrett, "All-optical patterning of azo polymer films," Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 487-494 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, "Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in Azo Polymer Films," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836-8842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bazuin, C. G.

Benet, S.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birabassov, R.

Bobrovsky, A.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, N.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clarson, S.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cojocariu, C.

C. Cojocariu and P. Rochon, "Light-induced motions in azobenzene containing polymers," Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1479-1497 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Curley, M.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dalton, L.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Danel, A.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delaire, J.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Delaire, J. A.

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Derkowska, B.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diggs, D.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dragostinova, V.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dumont, M.

M. Dumont and A. El Osman, "On spontaneous and photoinduced orientational mobility of dye molecules in polymers," Chem. Phys. 245, 437-462 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

El Osman, A.

M. Dumont and A. El Osman, "On spontaneous and photoinduced orientational mobility of dye molecules in polymers," Chem. Phys. 245, 437-462 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fillaut, J.-L.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gabelica, V.

V. Gabelica and E. D. Pauw, "Comparison between solution - phase stability and gas - phase kinetic stability of oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes," J. Mass Spectrom. 36, 397-402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galstyan, T. V.

Gaylord, T. K.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, "Criteria for Raman-Nath regime diffraction by phase gratings," Opt. Commun. 32, 19-23 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gondek, E.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grote, J.

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grote, J. G.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Guo, J.

Gupta, P.

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, J.

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Heckman, E.

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, F.

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, F. K.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Jaworowicz, K.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, M.

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, T.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kajzar, F.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karpierz, M.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kityk, I. V.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krupka, O.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krzeminska, L.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, J.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Landraud, N.

Lee, T. S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Loucif-Saibi, R.

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Louicif-Saibi, R.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, "Criteria for Raman-Nath regime diffraction by phase gratings," Opt. Commun. 32, 19-23 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Makowska-Janusik, M.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Markowicz, P. P.

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Migalska-Zalas, A.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Miniewicz, A.

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, "Criteria for Raman-Nath regime diffraction by phase gratings," Opt. Commun. 32, 19-23 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Morichere, D.

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Muller, T. J. J.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Muzafarov, A.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakatani, K.

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Natansohn, A. L.

C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, "Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in Azo Polymer Films," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836-8842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Naydenova, I.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nikolova, L.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O’Reilly, J.

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ogata, N.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L.

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pauw, E. D.

V. Gabelica and E. D. Pauw, "Comparison between solution - phase stability and gas - phase kinetic stability of oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes," J. Mass Spectrom. 36, 397-402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perruchon, J.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, T.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Plucinski, K. J.

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ponomarenko, S.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Rahem, T.

Rebrov, E.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ritcey, A.

Rochon, P.

C. Cojocariu and P. Rochon, "Light-induced motions in azobenzene containing polymers," Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1479-1497 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rochon, P. L.

C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, "Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in Azo Polymer Films," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836-8842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sahraoui, B.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, A.

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Samoc, M.

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sariciftci, N.

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, S.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schab-Balcerzak, E.

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sek, D.

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sekkat, Z.

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shibaev, V.

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Singh, B.

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sofiani, Z.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Solyga, M.

H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steckl, A. J.

A. J. Steckl, "DNA - a new material for photonics?," Nat. Photonics 1, 3-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steier, W.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stone, M.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stumpe, J.

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sun, G.

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Tang, L.

Taunaumang, H.

H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tieke, B.

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tija, M. O.

H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Todorov, T.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tomova, N.

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Toutianoush, A.

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tripathy, S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wagenknecht, H.

H. Wagenknecht, "Ladungstransfer durch die DNA (A)," Chemie in unserer Zeit 36, 318-330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wojdyla, M.

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yager, K. G.

K. G. Yager and C. J. Barrett, "All-optical patterning of azo polymer films," Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 487-494 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yaney, P.

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, J.

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuvshenko, V.

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zetts, J.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Q.

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Ziegler, A.

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Heckman, J. Hagen, P. Yaney, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Processing techniques for deoxyribonucleic acid: biopolymer for photonics applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211115 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, D. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy, "Unusual polarization dependent optical erasure of surface relief gratings on azobenzene polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2502-2504 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

R. Loucif-Saibi, K. Nakatani, J. A. Delaire, M. Dumont, and Z. Sekkat, "Photoisomerization and Second Harmonic Generation in Disperse Red One-Doped and -Functionalized Poly(methylmethacrylate) Films," Chem. Mater. 5, 229-236 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, J. Yoshida, N. Ogata, S. Sasaki, and T. Kajiyama, "Selfassembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties," Chem. Mater. 13, 1273-1281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

M. Dumont and A. El Osman, "On spontaneous and photoinduced orientational mobility of dye molecules in polymers," Chem. Phys. 245, 437-462 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Colloids Surf. A (1)

A. Ziegler, J. Stumpe, A. Toutianoush, and B. Tieke, "Photoorientation of azobenzene moieties in self-assembled polyelectrolyte multilayers," Colloids Surf. A,  198, 777-784 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (1)

K. G. Yager and C. J. Barrett, "All-optical patterning of azo polymer films," Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 487-494 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Z. Sekkat, D. Morichere, M. Dumont, R. Louicif-Saibi, and J. Delaire, "Photoisomerization of azobenzene derivatives in polymeric thin films," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 1543-5 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. Singh, N. Sariciftci, J. Grote, and F. Hopkins, "Bio-organic-semiconductor-field-effect-transistor based on deoxyribonucleic acid gate dielectric," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024514-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Derkowska, M. Wojdyla, W. Bala, K. Jaworowicz, M. Karpierz, J. G. Grote, O. Krupka, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, "Influence of different peripheral substituents on the nonlinear optical properties of cobalt phthalocyanine core," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 0831121-8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Gupta, P. P. Markowicz, K. Baba, J. O’Reilly, M. Samoc, P. N. Prasad, and J. G. Grote, "DNA-Ormocer based biocomposite for fabrication of photonic structures," J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 213109-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

A. Samoc, A. Miniewicz, M. Samoc, and J. G. Grote, "Refractive-index anisotropy and optical dispersionin films of deoxyribonucleic acid," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 236-245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mass Spectrom. (1)

V. Gabelica and E. D. Pauw, "Comparison between solution - phase stability and gas - phase kinetic stability of oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes," J. Mass Spectrom. 36, 397-402 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

C. J. Barrett, A. L. Natansohn, and P. L. Rochon, "Mechanism of optically inscribed high-efficiency diffraction gratings in Azo Polymer Films," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8836-8842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

J. Grote, J. Hagen, J. Zetts, R. Nelson, D. Diggs, M. Stone, P. Yaney, E. Heckman, C. Zhang, W. Steier, A. Jen, L. Dalton, N. Ogata, M. Curley, S. Clarson, and F. Hopkins, "Investigation of polymers and marine-derived DNA in optoelectronics," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 8584-8591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Migalska-Zalas, Z. Sofiani, B. Sahraoui, I. V. Kityk, V. Yuvshenko, J.-L. Fillaut, J. Perruchon, T. J. J. Muller., "χ(2) Grating in Ru Derivative Chromophores Incorporated within the PMMA Polymer Matrices," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 14942-14947 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Pan, Q. Yang, M. Jin, G. Sun, and Z. Jiang, "Temperature dependence of photo-induced birefringence in azo-doped polymers containing different substitutions," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 1002-1006 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

I. V. Kityk, M. Makowska-Janusik, E. Gondek, L. Krzeminska, A. Danel, K. J. Plucinski, S. Benet, B. Sahraoui, "Optical poling of oligoether acrylate photopolymers doped by stilbene-benzoate derivative chromophores," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 16231-239 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Bobrovsky, S. Ponomarenko, N. Boiko, V. Shibaev, E. Rebrov, A. Muzafarov, and J Stumpe, "Photochemistry and photoorientational phenomena in carbosilane dendrimers with terminal azobenzene groups," Macromol. Chem. Phys. 203, 1539-1546 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. J. Steckl, "DNA - a new material for photonics?," Nat. Photonics 1, 3-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, "Criteria for Raman-Nath regime diffraction by phase gratings," Opt. Commun. 32, 19-23 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

G. S. He, Q. Zheng, P. N. Prasad, J. G. Grote, and F. K. Hopkins, "Infrared two-photon-excited visible lasing from a DNA-surfactant-chromophore complex," Opt. Express 31, 359-361 (2006).

Pure Appl. Chem. (1)

C. Cojocariu and P. Rochon, "Light-induced motions in azobenzene containing polymers," Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1479-1497 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

I. Naydenova, T. Petrova, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, L. Nikolova, and T. Todorov, "Polarization holographic gratings with surface relief in amorphous azobenzene containing methacrylic copolymers," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 723-731 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Synth. Met. (1)

D. Sek, E. Schab-Balcerzak, M. Solyga, and A. Miniewicz, "Polarisation-sensitive holographic recording in polyimide-containing azo-dye," Synth. Met. 127, 89-93 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

H. Taunaumang, M. Solyga, M. O. Tija, and A. Miniewicz, "On the efficient mixed amplitude and phase grating recording in vacuum deposited Disperse Red 1," Thin Solid Films  461, 316-324 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. Czaplicki, S. Dabos-Seignon, F. Kajzar, M. Bakasse, J. Nizioł, M. Bednarz, and B. Sahraoui, "Functionalized Azo-Carbazole Compounds for Nonlinear Optical Application," Proceedings of IEEE Conference on 8-th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks ICTON 2006 (Nottingham, United Kingdom, 2006) 283-286.

H. Wagenknecht, "Ladungstransfer durch die DNA (A)," Chemie in unserer Zeit 36, 318-330 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Heckman, "The Development of an All-DNA-Based Electro-Optic Waveguide Modulator," PhD Dissertation, University of Dayton (2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the grating experiment, M – mirror, BS – beam splitter, P – polarizer, λ/2 – half wave plate, S - sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Examples of the build-up and decay of the gratings inscribed in the DR1-PMMA, DR1-PVK and DR1-DMA-CTMA materials using 16 ps pulses of 532 nm laser light with a 10 Hz repetition rate. Monitoring was done using a He-Ne laser light scattering.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dynamics of the build-up and decay of the grating process in DR1-DNA-CTMA and details after each pulse of writing beams – inset. Two polarizations of writing beams are shown: ss – upper curve, pp – lower curve.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

AFM three-dimensional views of surface topography for DR1-PMMA (a), DR1-PVK (b) and DR1-DNA-CTMA (c) after grating experiment.

Equations (1)

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Λ = λ ( 2 sin θ )

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