Abstract

We observe spectral broadening of more than 350 nm, i.e., a 3/10-octave span, upon propagation of ultrashort 1.3-μm-wavelength optical pulses in a 4.7-mm-long silicon-photonic-wire waveguide. We measure the wavelength dependence of the spectral features and relate it to waveguide dispersion and input power. The spectral characteristics of the output pulses are shown to be consistent, in part, with higher-order soliton radiative effects.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Drexler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47-74 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712-1715 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, ‘‘Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901-203904 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. L. Gaeta, ‘‘Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,’’ Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. M. Hilligsoe, H. N. Paulsen, J. Thogersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Initial steps of supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1887- 1893 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Demircan and U. Bandelow, "Analysis of the interplay between soliton fission and modulation instability in supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 86, 31-39 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  13. Y. A.  Vlasov, and S. J.  McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
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  14. X.  Chen, N. C.  Panoiu, and R. M.  Osgood, "Theory of Raman-mediated pulsed amplification in silicon-wire waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  42, 160-170 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Dulkeith, F. Xia, L. Schares, W. M. J. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Group index and group velocity dispersion in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 14, 3853-3863 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15, 12949-12958 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. Dulkeith, Y. A. Vlasov, X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Self-phase-modulation in submicron silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 14, 5524-5534 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. -W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, S. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 12380-12387 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. I. -W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, Jr., S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Cross-phase modulation-induced spectral and temporal effects on co-propagating femtosecond pulses in silicon photonic wires," Opt. Express 15, 1135-1146 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. X. Chen, N. Panoiu, I. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Third-order Dispersion and Ultrafast Pulse Propagation in Silicon Wire Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2617-2619 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. L. Yin, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Soliton fission and supercontinuum generation in silicon waveguides," Opt. Lett. 32, 391-393 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y. S. Kivshar and B. A. Malomed, "Dynamics of solitons in nearly integrable systems," Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 763-916 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y.  Kodama and A.  Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  23, 510-524 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  24. P. K. A. Wai, C. R. Menyuk, Y. C. Lee, and H. H. Chen, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 11, 464-466 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, ‘‘Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, ‘‘A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,’’ Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  27. N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  28. N. C. Panoiu, X. Chen, and R. M. Osgood, "Modulation instability in silicon photonic nanowires," Opt. Lett. 31, 3609-3611 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

2006 (7)

2005 (1)

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Gaeta, ‘‘Nonlinear propagation and continuum generation in microstructured optical fibers,’’ Opt. Lett. 27, 924-926 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, ‘‘Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901-203904 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, ‘‘Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, ‘‘A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,’’ Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Y. S. Kivshar and B. A. Malomed, "Dynamics of solitons in nearly integrable systems," Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 763-916 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

Y.  Kodama and A.  Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  23, 510-524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712-1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

Aitchison, J. S.

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, ‘‘Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfano, R. R.

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712-1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baldeck, P. L.

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, "Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 1712-1715 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bandelow, U.

A. Demircan and U. Bandelow, "Analysis of the interplay between soliton fission and modulation instability in supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 86, 31-39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T. A.

Boyraz, Ö.

Brabec, T.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, ‘‘A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,’’ Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Q.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

Chen, X.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Demircan, A.

A. Demircan and U. Bandelow, "Analysis of the interplay between soliton fission and modulation instability in supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 86, 31-39 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47-74 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Elgin, J. N.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, ‘‘A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,’’ Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, "Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides," Opt. Express 15, 12949-12958 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, A.

Y.  Kodama and A.  Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  23, 510-524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, ‘‘Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901-203904 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligsoe, K. M.

Hsieh, I.

X. Chen, N. Panoiu, I. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Third-order Dispersion and Ultrafast Pulse Propagation in Silicon Wire Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2617-2619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, I. -W.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, ‘‘Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901-203904 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Joly, N.

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, ‘‘Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kelly, S. M. J.

J. N. Elgin, T. Brabec, and S. M. J. Kelly, ‘‘A perturbative theory of soliton propagation in the presence of third order dispersion,’’ Opt. Commun. 114, 321-328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Y. S. Kivshar and B. A. Malomed, "Dynamics of solitons in nearly integrable systems," Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 763-916 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kodama, Y.

Y.  Kodama and A.  Hasegawa, "Nonlinear pulse propagation in a monomode dielectric guide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  23, 510-524 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Koonath, P.

Larsen, J. J.

Lederer, F.

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

Malomed, B. A.

Y. S. Kivshar and B. A. Malomed, "Dynamics of solitons in nearly integrable systems," Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 763-916 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, D.

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S.

McNab, S. J.

Melnikov, I. V.

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mihalache, D.

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

I. -W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, Jr., S. J. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Cross-phase modulation-induced spectral and temporal effects on co-propagating femtosecond pulses in silicon photonic wires," Opt. Express 15, 1135-1146 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. -W. Hsieh, X. Chen, J. I. Dadap, N. C. Panoiu, R. M. Osgood, S. McNab, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultrafast-pulse self-phase modulation and third-order dispersion in Si photonic wire-waveguides," Opt. Express 14, 12380-12387 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dulkeith, Y. A. Vlasov, X. Chen, N. C. Panoiu, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Self-phase-modulation in submicron silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," Opt. Express 14, 5524-5534 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.  Chen, N. C.  Panoiu, and R. M.  Osgood, "Theory of Raman-mediated pulsed amplification in silicon-wire waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  42, 160-170 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. C. Panoiu, X. Chen, and R. M. Osgood, "Modulation instability in silicon photonic nanowires," Opt. Lett. 31, 3609-3611 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, N. Panoiu, I. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Third-order Dispersion and Ultrafast Pulse Propagation in Silicon Wire Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2617-2619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. C. Panoiu, D. Mihalache, D. Mazilu, I. V. Melnikov, J. S. Aitchison, F. Lederer, and R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Dynamics of dual-frequency solitons under the influence of frequency-sliding filters, third-order dispersion, and intrapulse Raman scattering" IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 885-892 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N.

X. Chen, N. Panoiu, I. Hsieh, J. I. Dadap, R. M. Osgood, Jr., "Third-order Dispersion and Ultrafast Pulse Propagation in Silicon Wire Waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2617-2619 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N. C.

Paulsen, H. N.

Raghunathan, V.

Russell, P. St. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salem, R.

Schares, L.

Thogersen, J.

Trebino, R.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

W. J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wai, P. K. A.

Xia, F.

Yin, L.

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, ‘‘Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers,’’ Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901-173904 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Demircan and U. Bandelow, "Analysis of the interplay between soliton fission and modulation instability in supercontinuum generation," Appl. Phys. B 86, 31-39 (2007).
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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Wavelength dependence of the second-order dispersion of the test waveguide used in the experiment. For the wavelengths considered, the waveguide exhibits anomalous dispersion from 1290 nm to 1800 nm.

Fig 2.
Fig 2.

(a). Pump power dependence of the output spectra. At P0 ≈ 1 W, a spectral broadening of 350 nm can be observed. (b). Dependence of spectral width as a function of coupled peak power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Supercontinuum generation for several input central wavelengths at P 0 ≈ 1W. The OSA limit is 1700 nm. The inset shows that the spectral broadening increases as λ0 approaches the ZGVD wavelength of 1290 nm.

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