Abstract

We demonstrate broadband wavelength conversion of a 40 Gb/s return-to-zero signal by cross-phase modulation in a newly developed chalcogenide glass waveguide based photonic chip. These new serpentine As2S3 waveguides offer a nonlinear coefficient ≈1700 W-1 km-1 with 5× lower propagation loss over a length of 22.5 cm which ensures the full propagation length contributes towards the nonlinear process. This reduces the peak operating power thereby allowing a ×4 increase in the data rate compared with previous results. Spectral measurements show the device operates over a span of 40 nm while system measurements show just over 1 dB of power penalty at a bit-error rate of 10-9. This is primarily due to the compact planar waveguide design which minimizes the effect of group-velocity dispersion.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061-1073 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  3. J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Lee, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, "All-fiber 80-Gbit/s wavelength converter using 1-m-long Bismuth Oxide-based nonlinear optical fiber with a nonlinearity gamma of 1100 W-1km-1," Opt. Express 13, 3144-3149 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).
  11. V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. L. Ruan, W. T. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12, 5140-5145 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. R. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As2S3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion," Opt. Express 15, 9458-9463 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As2S3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion," Opt. Express 15, 9458-9463 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

Y. L. Ruan, W. T. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12, 5140-5145 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061-1073 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baker, N. J.

Bernasconi, P.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D. J.

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D.

Cabot, S.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Choy, D.

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finsterbusch, K.

Fu, L.

Fu, L. B.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fukuda, H.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, A.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

Itabashi, S.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jaques, J.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jarvis, R.

Kikuchi, K.

Krol, D. M.

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Lamont, M. R.

Lamont, M. R. E.

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamont, M. R. E. M.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laskowski, E.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. T.

Littler, I. C. M.

Luther-Davies, B.

V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Ruan, W. T. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12, 5140-5145 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S.

Madsen, N.

Moller, L.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Mukherjee, B.

B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061-1073 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, T.

Nguyen, H. C.

Ohara, S.

Ohlen, P.

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramamurthy, B.

B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061-1073 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rode, A.

Roelens, M. A. F.

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
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Ruan, Y. L.

Shoji, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Ta'eed, V.

Ta'eed, V. G.

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Shokooh-Saremi, V. G. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "High-performance Bragg gratings in chalcogenide rib waveguides written with a modified Sagnac interferometer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1323-1331 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

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K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Wong-Foy, A.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. Leuthold, L. Moller, J. Jaques, S. Cabot, L. Zhang, P. Bernasconi, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Laskowski, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and A. Griffin, "160 Gbit/s SOA all-optical wavelength converter and assessment of its regenerative properties," Electron. Lett. 40, 554-555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. R. E. Lamont, V. G. Ta'eed, M. A. F. Roelens, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Choy, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Error-free wavelength conversion via cross phase modulation in 5 cm of As2S3 chalcogenide glass rib waveguide," Electron. Lett. 43, 945-947 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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B. Ramamurthy and B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength conversion in WDM networking," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1061-1073 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

V. G. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. B. Fu, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, B. J. Eggleton, Y. L. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Self-phase modulation-based integrated optical regeneration in chalcogenide waveguides," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 360-370 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. D. Pelusi, V. G. Ta'eed, M. R. E. M. Lamont, S., D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, "Ultra-high Nonlinear As2S3 Planar Waveguide for 160 Gb/s Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing by Four-Wave Mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1496-1498 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Olsson, P. Ohlen, L. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, "A simple and robust 40-Gb/s wavelength converter using fiber cross-phase modulation and optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 846-848 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, T. Shoji, and S. Itabashi, "All-optical efficient wavelength conversion using silicon photonic wire waveguide," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1046-1048 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

V. G. Ta'eed, L. B. Fu, M. Pelusi, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Error free all optical wavelength conversion in highly nonlinear As-Se chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 14, 10371-10376 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ta'eed, N. J. Baker, L. Fu, K. Finsterbusch, M. R. E. Lamont, D. J. Moss, H. C. Nguyen, B. J. Eggleton, D.-Y. Choi, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, "Ultrafast all-optical chalcogenide glass photonic circuits," Opt. Express 15, 9205-9221 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Lamont, C. M. de Sterke, and B. J. Eggleton, "Dispersion engineering of highly nonlinear As2S3 waveguides for parametric gain and wavelength conversion," Opt. Express 15, 9458-9463 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. Bulla, A. Rode, B. Luther-Davies, V. G. Ta'eed, M. D. Pelusi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Long, low loss etched As2S3 chalcogenide waveguides for all-optical signal regeneration," Opt. Express 15, 14414-14421 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Ruan, W. T. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching," Opt. Express 12, 5140-5145 (2004).
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J. H. Lee, K. Kikuchi, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, and N. Sugimoto, "All-fiber 80-Gbit/s wavelength converter using 1-m-long Bismuth Oxide-based nonlinear optical fiber with a nonlinearity gamma of 1100 W-1km-1," Opt. Express 13, 3144-3149 (2005).
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M. Asobe, "Nonlinear optical properties of chalcogenide glass fibers and their application to all-optical switching," Opt. Fiber Technol. 3, 142-148 (1997).
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E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Optical micrograph of the As2S3 rib waveguide cross-section. (b) XPM takes place within the butt-coupled serpentine waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

CW probe at λ2 experiences XPM from pulsed signal pump at λ1 yielding XPM sidebands. Filtering of a single sideband results in conversion of the data signal to the new wavelength at λ2+Δ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for wavelength conversion by XPM.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectra from waveguide output for different CW probe wavelengths. (70 pm resolution bandwidth)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Converted spectra, normalized and spectrally relative to residual CW probe. (70 pm resolution bandwidth)

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Left: Data eye diagram (65GHz optical bandwidth detector) for 40 Gb/s back-to-back input (B2B) and wavelength converted signals. Right: BER versus received optical power for back-to-back (B2B) and converted signals.

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