Abstract

We report on the experimental observations of a period-doubling route to chaos and a total mode-locking between two lowest-order lateral modes of a GaAs ridge wave-guide diode laser at 795 nm. A self-starting passively mode-locking was achieved in an extended-cavity diode laser (ECDL) operating in a gain saturation regime. In the period-doubling mode-locked state, the RF spectra associated with the coherently coupled lateral TE0 and TE1 modes, consisted of harmonics (nfrep/2, n is an integer) of the half of pulse repetition rate frep/2 and the period (2T) of the pulse train was two-times longer than the pulse round-trip time T. On the other hand, in the total mode-locked state, the RF spectra and the pulse train corresponding to the TE0 and TE1 modes had exactly the same features compared to those of the period-doubling mode-locked state, except the RF spectra and the pulse train of the TE1 mode were shifted by fref/4 in frequency and by T in time, respectively, indicating the pulses actually traveled alternatively through two lateral modes. The total mode-locking and also chaotic pulsations were observed at slightly different operation parameters, e.g. at different feedback angle of the grating, which was used as an output coupler of the ECDL.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (2)

C. Guignard, P. Besnard, A. Mihaescu, and N. I. Zheludev, "Harmonic passive mode-locking of a singlefrequency semiconductor laser submitted to nonlinear optical feedback," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 42, 1185-1195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Achtenhagen, A. Hardy, and C. S. Harder, "Lateral mode disrimination and self-stabilization in ridge waveguide laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 526-528 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

Q. Zhang, K. Jasim, A. V. Nurmikko, A. Mooradian, G. Carey, W. Ha, E. Ippen, "Operation of a passively modelocked extended-cavity surface-emitting diode laser in multi-GHz regime," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 885-887 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, F. Lin, and B. Zhao, "Observation of period-doubling bifurcations in a femtosecond fiber soliton laser with dispersion management cavity," Opt. Express 12, 4573-4578 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

J.-M. Lourtioz, L. Chusseau, and N. Stelmakh, "Picosecond and sub-picosecond pulse generation in semiconductor laser," J. Phys. III (France) 2, 1673-1690 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. H. Jang, D. Yoon, M. Song, J. Lee, and T. H. Yoon, "Self-starting modelocked extended-cavity diode laser in the Littrow configuration exhibiting a first-order phase transition," Electron. Lett. (submitted).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

C. Guignard, P. Besnard, A. Mihaescu, and N. I. Zheludev, "Harmonic passive mode-locking of a singlefrequency semiconductor laser submitted to nonlinear optical feedback," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 42, 1185-1195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Achtenhagen, A. Hardy, and C. S. Harder, "Lateral mode disrimination and self-stabilization in ridge waveguide laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 526-528 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

Q. Zhang, K. Jasim, A. V. Nurmikko, A. Mooradian, G. Carey, W. Ha, E. Ippen, "Operation of a passively modelocked extended-cavity surface-emitting diode laser in multi-GHz regime," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 16, 885-887 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. III (France) (1)

J.-M. Lourtioz, L. Chusseau, and N. Stelmakh, "Picosecond and sub-picosecond pulse generation in semiconductor laser," J. Phys. III (France) 2, 1673-1690 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. G. Vladimirov and D. Turev, "Model for passive mode locking in semiconductor lasers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033808-1-13 (2005).

A. Gordon and B. Fischer, "Phase transition theory of many-mode odering and pulse formation in lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 103901-1-4 (2002).

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