Abstract

We present a simple novel scheme that converts a Gaussian beam into an approximated radially polarized beam using coherent polarization manipulation together with Poynting walk-off in birefringent crystals. Our scheme alleviates the interferometric stability required by previous schemes that implemented this coherent mode summation using Mach-Zehnder-like interferometers. A symmetrical arrangement of two walk-off crystals with a half-wave plate, allows coherence control even when the laser has short temporal coherence length. We generated 14 watts of radially polarized beam from an Ytterbium fiber laser, only limited by the available fiber laser power.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (3)

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Passilly, R. d. S. Denis, K. Ait-Ameur, F. Treussart, R. Hierle, and J. F. Roch, "Simple interferometric technique for generation of a radially polarized light beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 984-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. Hayazawa, Y. Saito, and S. Kawata, "Detection and characterization of longitudinal field for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6239 - 6241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. V. Nesterov, V G Niziev and V P Yakunin, "Generation of high-power radially polarized beam," J. Phys. D 32, 2871-2875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

1972 (1)

D. Pohl, "Operation of a ruby laser in the purely transverse electric mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

Abdou Ahmed, M.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Biener, G.

Bisson, J. F.

Blit, S.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bomzon, Z.

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, "Radially and azimuthally polarized beams generated by space-variant subwavelength metal strip grating," Opt. Lett. 27, 285-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

G. Machavariani, Y. Lumer, I. Moshe, S. Jackel, and N. Davidson, "Efficient conversion of a radially-polarized beam to a nearly-Gaussian beam," Opt. Lett. 32, 924-926 (2007.)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B. Z.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, "Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam," Phys. Review Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ford, D. H.

Friesem, A. A.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glur, H.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B. Y.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hasman, E.

Z. Bomzon, G. Biener, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, "Radially and azimuthally polarized beams generated by space-variant subwavelength metal strip grating," Opt. Lett. 27, 285-287 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayazawa, N.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Saito, and S. Kawata, "Detection and characterization of longitudinal field for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6239 - 6241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

Kawata, S.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Saito, and S. Kawata, "Detection and characterization of longitudinal field for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6239 - 6241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

Kimura, W. D.

Kleiner, V.

Kogelnik, H.

Kozawa, Y.

Lai, W. J.

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, "Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam," Phys. Review Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Li, T.

Lumer, Y.

Machavariani, G.

Meier, M.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meir, A.

Moser, T.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moshe, I.

Musha, M.

Nesterov, A. V.

A. V. Nesterov, V G Niziev and V P Yakunin, "Generation of high-power radially polarized beam," J. Phys. D 32, 2871-2875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Niu, C. H.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Niziev, V G

A. V. Nesterov, V G Niziev and V P Yakunin, "Generation of high-power radially polarized beam," J. Phys. D 32, 2871-2875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oron, R.

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Passilly, N.

Peier, P.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phua, P. B.

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, "Operation of a ruby laser in the purely transverse electric mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, "Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam," Phys. Review Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramano, V.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roth, U.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saito, Y.

N. Hayazawa, Y. Saito, and S. Kawata, "Detection and characterization of longitudinal field for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6239 - 6241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

Schadt, M.

Senatsky, Yu.

Shirakawa, A.

Stalder, M.

Tidwell, S. C.

Ueda, K.

Wayne, G. H.

Wyss, E.

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yakunin, V P

A. V. Nesterov, V G Niziev and V P Yakunin, "Generation of high-power radially polarized beam," J. Phys. D 32, 2871-2875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yonezawa¸, K.

Yuan Liang Lim, W. J.

Zhang, Y.

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

N. Hayazawa, Y. Saito, and S. Kawata, "Detection and characterization of longitudinal field for tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6239 - 6241 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Oron, S. Blit, N. Davidson, A. A. Friesem, Z. Bomzon and E. Hasman, "The formation of laser beams with pure azimuthal or radial polarization," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Pohl, "Operation of a ruby laser in the purely transverse electric mode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 266 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Phys. D (2)

C. H. Niu, B. Y. Gu, B. Z. Dong, and Y. Zhang, "A new method for generating axially-symmetric and radially-polarized beams," J. Phys. D,  38, 827-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Nesterov, V G Niziev and V P Yakunin, "Generation of high-power radially polarized beam," J. Phys. D 32, 2871-2875 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Review Lett. (1)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, "Sharper focus for a radially polarized light beam," Phys. Review Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Moser, H. Glur, P. Peier, M. Meier, E. Wyss, V. Ramano, M. Abdou Ahmed, O. Parriaux, U. Roth and Th. Graf, "Generation of radial polarization in Nd:YAG and CO2 lasers and its applications," Proc. SPIE  5708, 112-123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of our simple coherent polarization manipulation scheme which comprised of a walk-off crystal, a thin Half-Wave Plate (HWP) and a 45° quartz rotator. Their laser beam cross-sections and their associated polarizations after each component are also shown.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Radially polarized beam converted from a highly coherent, single longitudinal mode 1064 nm laser: (a) observed without polarizer, and observed with polarizer whose transmitting axis is (b) 0°, (c) 90° (d) 45°, and (e) 135°.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of our coherent polarization manipulation scheme for low coherent broadband Yb fiber laser. Laser beam cross-sections and their associated polarizations of (b) input elliptical Gaussian beam, (c) after QWP, (d) after Walk-Off Crystal 1, (e) after HWP2, (f) after Walk-Off Crystal 2, (g) after HWP3, (h) after quartz rotator.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Radially polarized beam converted from a low coherent, broadband 1064 nm Yb fiber laser: (a) observed without polarizer, and observed with polarizer whose transmitting axis is (b) 0°, (c) 90° (d) 45°, and (e) 135°.

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