Abstract

We perform optimization of all-optical EDFA-based Sagnac – interferometer switch through an analytical model and numerical simulations by solving nonlinear Schrödinger equations. The effects of the performance of EDFA on the bit rate and the switching power are investigated for all-optical switch based on self-phase or cross-phase modulation. The simulated results show that ultra-low switching power (<1mW) all-optical switch for 40 Gb/s data can be realized by properly selecting the length of highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber and adjusting the performance of EDFA.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, "Applications of nonlinear fiber optics," (Academic Press, New York, 2001), 319-360.
  2. T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).
  4. H. S. Pask, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acousto-optic switch," Pro. OFC 2001. 3, WJ4_1- WJ4_3 (2001).
  5. R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).
  6. G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear fiber optics," (Academic Press, New York, 2001), 97-437.
  7. K. J. Blow, N. J. Doran, and B. K. Nayar, "Experimental demonstration of optical soliton switching in an all-fiber nonlinear Sagnac interferometer," Opt. Lett. 14, 754-756 (1989).
  8. Chunfei Li and B. Alireza, "Finesse-enhanced ring resonator coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer all-optical switches," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 90-93 (2004).
  9. G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

2007

J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

2006

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

Chunfei Li and B. Alireza, "Finesse-enhanced ring resonator coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer all-optical switches," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 90-93 (2004).

2002

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

2001

T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

1990

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

Berrettini, G.

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K. J.

Bogoni, A.

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chunfei Li,

Chunfei Li and B. Alireza, "Finesse-enhanced ring resonator coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer all-optical switches," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 90-93 (2004).

Do, J. Y.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

Doran, N. J.

Goh, T.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Goldenberg, A.

T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Ju, J. J.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

Kai, G. Y.

J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

Kasahara, R.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Laming, R. I.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Law, K. L. E.

T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. H.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

Liu, J. G.

J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

Matsui, S.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Meloni, G.

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Min, Y. H.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

Nayar, B. K.

Park, S. K.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

Payne, D. N.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Potì, L.

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Xue, L. F.

J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

Yanagisawa, M.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Yasu, M.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Yeow, T. Y.

T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

Chunfei Li and B. Alireza, "Finesse-enhanced ring resonator coupled Mach-Zehnder interferometer all-optical switches," Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 90-93 (2004).

Electron. Lett.

D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, D. N. Payne, "Very low threshold Sagnac switch incorporating an erbium dopedfibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 26, 1779-1781 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

T. Y. Yeow, K. L. E. Law, and A. Goldenberg, "MEMS optical switches," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 158-163 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics.

M. H. Lee, Y. H. Min, J. J. Ju, J. Y. Do, S. K. Park, "Polymeric electrooptical 2×2 switch consisting of bifurcation optical active waveguides and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics. 7, 812-818(2001).

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters.

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, L. Potì, "All-optical 2×2 switch based on Kerr effect in highly nonlinear fiber for ultrafast applications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters. 18, 2439-2441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lightw. Technol.

R. Kasahara, M. Yanagisawa, T. Goh, A. Sugita, A. Himeno, M. Yasu, and S. Matsui, "New structure of silica-based planar lightwave circuits for low power thermooptic switch and its application to 8×8 optical matrix switch," IEEE/OSA J.Lightw. Technol. 20, 993-1000 (2002).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Sin.

J. G. Liu, G. Y. Kai, L. F. Xue,  et al., "An all-optical switch based on highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber Sagnac loop mirror," Acta. Phys. Sin. 56, 941-945 (2007).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear fiber optics," (Academic Press, New York, 2001), 97-437.

H. S. Pask, "All-fiber wavelength-tunable acousto-optic switch," Pro. OFC 2001. 3, WJ4_1- WJ4_3 (2001).

G. P. Agrawal, "Applications of nonlinear fiber optics," (Academic Press, New York, 2001), 319-360.

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