Abstract

Using a volume Bragg grating as input coupler, we demonstrate an Yb:KYW laser with a very small quantum defect (1.6%) and an output power of 3.6 W. The laser was longitudinally diode-pumped at 982 nm and the laser wavelength was determined by the grating to 998 nm, with a laser bandwidth of 10 GHz (33 pm). Due to the low quantum defect, the laser should be readily scalable to 20 W or more without critical thermal effects.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann and G. Huber, "Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80% slope efficiency," Opt. Express 15, 7075-7082 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov and G. Huber, "Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2," Opt. Lett. 22, 1317-1319 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, "Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate," Appl. Opt. 44, 3093-3097 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor and S. R. Bowman, "Nonradiative losses in Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:Y3Al5O12," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Efimov, L. Glebov, L. Glebova, K. Richardson and V. Smirnov, "High-Efficiency Bragg Gratings in Photothermorefractive Glass," Appl. Opt. 38, 619-627 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Volodin, S. Dolgy, E. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw and V. Ban, "Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 29, 1891-1893 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Narrowband bulk Bragg grating optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2281-2283 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Chung, A. Rapaport, V. Smirnov, L. B. Glebov, M. C. Richardson and M. Bass, "Solid-state laser spectral narrowing using a volumetric photothermal refractive Bragg grating cavity mirror," Opt. Lett. 31, 229-231 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode ErYb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Single-longitudinal-mode Nd-laser with a Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Express 14, 9284-9292 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. Jacobsson, J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Widely tunable Yb:KYW laser with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Express 15, 1003-1005 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Petit, P. Goldner, B. Viana, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. Druon and P. Georges, "Quest of Athermal Solid-State Laser: Case of Yb:CaGdAlO4," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WD1.
  16. M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, R. Knappe and A. Nebel, "High-efficiency 60 W TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator pumped at 888 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3297-3299 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau and G. Aka, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below," Opt. Lett. 32, 799-801 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Hérault, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 2731-2733 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

2004

B. Volodin, S. Dolgy, E. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw and V. Ban, "Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 29, 1891-1893 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

1992

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

Balembois, F.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau and G. Aka, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below," Opt. Lett. 32, 799-801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hérault, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 2731-2733 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ban, V.

Bass, M.

Biswal, S.

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor and S. R. Bowman, "Nonradiative losses in Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:Y3Al5O12," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, "Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate," Appl. Opt. 44, 3093-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjurshagen, S.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, S. R.

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor and S. R. Bowman, "Nonradiative losses in Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:Y3Al5O12," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, "Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate," Appl. Opt. 44, 3093-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castaing, M.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chung, T.

Dolgy, S.

Downs, E.

Druon, F.

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, O.

Ferrand, B.

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaumé, R.

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau and G. Aka, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below," Opt. Lett. 32, 799-801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hérault, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 2731-2733 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glebov, L.

Glebov, L. B.

Glebova, L.

Griebner, U.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hellström, J. E.

B. Jacobsson, J. E. Hellström, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Widely tunable Yb:KYW laser with a volume Bragg grating," Opt. Express 15, 1003-1005 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hérault, E.

Huber, G.

Jacobsson, B.

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lagatsky, A. A.

Laurell, F.

Liu, J.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McDonagh, L.

Melnik, E.

Mikhailov, V. P.

Nebel, A.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, S. P.

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor and S. R. Bowman, "Nonradiative losses in Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:Y3Al5O12," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor, and S. R. Bowman, "Thermo-optical parameters measured in ytterbium-doped potassium gadolinium tungstate," Appl. Opt. 44, 3093-3097 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Petrov, V.

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

Rapaport, A.

Richardson, K.

Richardson, M. C.

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J.

Smirnov, V.

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tiihonen, M.

Varona, C.

Volodin, B.

Wallenstein, R.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Jacquemet, F. Balembois, S. Chénais, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé and B. Ferrand, "First diode-pumped Yb-doped solid-state laser continuously tunable between 1000 and 1010 nm," Appl. Phys. B 78, 13-18 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hellström, S. Bjurshagen, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Liu, V. Petrov and U. Griebner, "Efficient Yb:KGW lasers end-pumped by high-power diode bars," Appl. Phys. B 83, 235-239 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Biswal, S. P. O'Connor and S. R. Bowman, "Nonradiative losses in Yb:KGd(WO4)2 and Yb:Y3Al5O12," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne and J. Nilsson, "Ytterbium-doped large-core fibre laser with 1 kW of continuous-wave output power," Electron. Lett. 40, 470-472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619-2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Eletron.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, "Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium Lasers-Part II: evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients," IEEE J. Quantum Eletron. 40, 1235-1243 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, R. Knappe and A. Nebel, "High-efficiency 60 W TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator pumped at 888 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3297-3299 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Castaing, E. Hérault, F. Balembois, P. Georges, C. Varona, P. Loiseau and G. Aka, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below," Opt. Lett. 32, 799-801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hérault, F. Balembois and P. Georges, "Nd:GdVO4 as a three-level laser at 879 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 2731-2733 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov and G. Huber, "Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2," Opt. Lett. 22, 1317-1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Volodin, S. Dolgy, E. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw and V. Ban, "Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high-power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 29, 1891-1893 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Narrowband bulk Bragg grating optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 30, 2281-2283 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chung, A. Rapaport, V. Smirnov, L. B. Glebov, M. C. Richardson and M. Bass, "Solid-state laser spectral narrowing using a volumetric photothermal refractive Bragg grating cavity mirror," Opt. Lett. 31, 229-231 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode ErYb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. Petit, P. Goldner, B. Viana, J. Didierjean, F. Balembois, F. Druon and P. Georges, "Quest of Athermal Solid-State Laser: Case of Yb:CaGdAlO4," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WD1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectroscopic properties of Yb:KYW, showing (a) energy levels and (b) cross sections in Nm-polarization. The laser and pump wavelengths are also shown.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental set-up, showing (a) the linear and (b) the folded cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Pump power versus laser power for different transverse mode sizes, slope efficiency of 40% in both cases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fabry-Perot signal.

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