Abstract

A stable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber (EDF) compound ring laser using a double-ring filter (DRF) is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. By using a ring filter incorporated within the ring cavity, the fiber laser can lase two wavelengths simultaneously. The dual-wavelength output exhibits a good performance having the optical side-mode suppression ratios (SMSRs) of 45.3 and 46.3 dB and output powers of -8.1 and -7.1 dBm, respectively. In addition, the optical output stabilities of the ring laser have been also discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Slavik and S. LaRochelle, "Multiwavelength ‘single-mode’ erbium doped fiber laser for FFH-OCDMA testing," in Proc. OFC, 2002, Paper WJ3, pp. 245-246.
  2. L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo and M. Lopez-Amo, "Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability," J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 553-558 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-Line Multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. Larochelle, and M. Tetu, "Room-temperature multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 825-829 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Liu and C. Lu, "Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541-2543 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. S. Moon, U. Paek and Y. Chung, "Polarization controlled multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser usingfiber Bragg grating written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core," Opt. Express 13, 5574-5579 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Pan, C. Lou and Y. Gao, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on inhomogeneous loss mechanism by use of a highly nonlinear fiber and a Fabry-Perot filter," Opt. Express 14, 1113-1118 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

X. Liu and C. Lu, "Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541-2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Moon, U. Paek and Y. Chung, "Polarization controlled multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser usingfiber Bragg grating written in few-mode side-hole fiber with an elliptical core," Opt. Express 13, 5574-5579 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (2)

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-Line Multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abad, S.

Bellemare, A.

Bennion, I.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. T.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Demokan, M. S.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

Gong, Y. D.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. P.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jarabo, S.

Jin, W.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kim, S. J.

J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Larochelle, S.

Lee, C. C.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.W.

J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, S. K.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu and C. Lu, "Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541-2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Amo, M.

Lou, C.

Lu, C.

X. Liu and C. Lu, "Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541-2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moon, D. S.

Nilsson, J.

J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U.

Pan, S.

Park, N.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-Line Multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

Shum, P.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Talaverano, L.

Tang, M.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

Wang, D. N.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-Line Multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-Line Multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and C. Lu, "Self-stabilizing effect of four-wave mixing and its applications on multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541-2543 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, P. Shum, C. Lu, J. Wu and K. Xu, "Dual-Wavelength 10-GHz Actively Mode-Locked Erbium Fiber Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547- 2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Zhang, D. N. Wang, H. Li, W. Jin and M. S. Demokan, "Tunable dual-wavelength picosecond pulse generation by the use of two Fabry-Pérot laser diodes in an external injection seeding scheme," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 92-94 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Li, K. T. Chan, Y. Liu, L. Zhang and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength picosecond pulses generated form a self-seeded Fabry-Pérot laser diode with a fiber external cavity using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1712-1714 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, Y.W. Lee and S. J. Kim, "Robust dual-wavelength ring-laser based on two spectrally different erbium-doped Fiber amplifiers," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1630-1632 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho and S. Chi, "Power equalized wavelength- selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 155, 255-259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (1)

R. Slavik and S. LaRochelle, "Multiwavelength ‘single-mode’ erbium doped fiber laser for FFH-OCDMA testing," in Proc. OFC, 2002, Paper WJ3, pp. 245-246.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Stable dual-wavelength fiber ring laser scheme.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output dual-wavelength of the proposed laser at 110 mW pumping power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectra versus the different pumping power operated from 28 to 110 mW for the ring filter fiber laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power and SMSR of λ1 and λ2 for the proposed dual-wavelength laser versus the different pumping power operated from 28 to 110 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Observing short-term stability of the proposed structure when the lasing wavelengths are 1560.17 nm (λ1) and 1561.93 nm (λ2) initially and the observing time is over 20 minutes.

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