Abstract

Improvement of surface enhanced resonant Raman scattering (SERRS) signals is demonstrated by confining the scattering event to the core of a hollow core microstructured optical fiber. The analyte solution fills the entire microstructure. The pump light is guided in the liquid core and the Raman scattered signal is efficiently collected by the fiber and transmitted to the detector. Rhodamine 6G (210nM) adsorbed on silver nanoparticles in aqueous solution is used as a demonstration system and it was found that it is possible to collect usable Raman signals from the solution filled optical fiber well beyond the detection limit of an equivalent free-space system.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Argyros and J. Pla, "Hollow-core polymer fibers with a kagome lattice: potential for transmission in the infrared," Opt. Express 15, 7713-7719 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2004

2003

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

1999

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

1995

1984

P. Hildebrandt and M. Stockburger, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G adsorbed on colloidal silver," J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5935-5944 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980

H. Wetzel and H. Gerischer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering from pyridine and halide ions adsorbed on silver and gold sol particles," Chem. Phys. Lett. 76, 460-464 (1980).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Trott and T. E. Furtak, "The relationship of angle resolved light scattering from surface optical resonances to the surface enhanced Raman effect," Solid State Commun. 36, 1011-1015 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972

1964

E. A. J. Marcarili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

Badizadegan, K.

Bayindir, M.

Benabid, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, "Large-pitch kagome-structured hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 3574-3576 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

Birks, T. A.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bizzarri, A. R.

Bjerneld, E. J.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boone, C.

Borjesson, L.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cannistraro, S.

Cotlet, M.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couny, F.

Cox, F. M.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R. R.

Dasarsi, R. R.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Schryver, F. C.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deinum, G.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dirix, G.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driskell, J.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Feld, M. S.

Fink, Y.

Furtak, T. E.

G. R. Trott and T. E. Furtak, "The relationship of angle resolved light scattering from surface optical resonances to the surface enhanced Raman effect," Solid State Commun. 36, 1011-1015 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gao, S.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerischer, H.

H. Wetzel and H. Gerischer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering from pyridine and halide ions adsorbed on silver and gold sol particles," Chem. Phys. Lett. 76, 460-464 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Gronheid, R.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grubisha, D. S.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gu, C.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Habuchi, S.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haka, A. S.

Hart, S. D.

Hawkins, A. R.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, P.

P. Hildebrandt and M. Stockburger, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G adsorbed on colloidal silver," J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5935-5944 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hofkens, J.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hou, L.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Irudayaraj, J.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itzkan, I.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Jonczyk, M.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kall, M.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kartha, V. B.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, A. S. Haka, H. Kneipp, K. Badizadegan, N. Yoshizawa, C. Boone, K. E. Schafer-Peltier, J. T. Motz, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in single living cells using gold nanoparticles," Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 150-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, K.

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuriki, K.

Kuriki, Y.

Large, M. C. J.

Li, A.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Light, P. S.

Lipert, R. J.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, G.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lunt, E. J.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manoharan, R.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marcarili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcarili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Measor, P.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Michiels, J.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motz, J. T.

Park, H.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pla, J.

Porter, M. D.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, J. P.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer-Peltier, K. E.

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcarili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Schmidt, H.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seballos, L.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shamsaie, A.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shapira, O.

Shi, C.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stockburger, M.

P. Hildebrandt and M. Stockburger, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G adsorbed on colloidal silver," J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5935-5944 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

Sturgis, J.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trott, G. R.

G. R. Trott and T. E. Furtak, "The relationship of angle resolved light scattering from surface optical resonances to the surface enhanced Raman effect," Solid State Commun. 36, 1011-1015 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Vanderleyden, J.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viens, J. F.

Walrafen, G. E.

Wang, Y.

Wetzel, H.

H. Wetzel and H. Gerischer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering from pyridine and halide ions adsorbed on silver and gold sol particles," Chem. Phys. Lett. 76, 460-464 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

Xu, H. X.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yan, H.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, Y.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yin, D.

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, N.

Zhang, J.

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. Z.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, J.

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem.

D. S. Grubisha, R. J. Lipert, H. Park, J. Driskell, and M. D. Porter, "Femtomolar detection of prostate-specific antigen: An immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman Scattering and Immunogold Labels," Anal. Chem. 75, 5939-5943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chim. Acta

Y. Tian, L. Zhang, J. Zuo, A. Li, S. Gao, and G. Lu, "Raman sensitivity enhancement for aqueous absorbing sample using Teflon-AF 2400 liquid core optical fibre cell," Anal. Chim. Acta 581, 154-158 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Zhang, C. Shi, C. Gu, L. Seballos, and J. Z. Zhang, "Liquid core photonic crystal fiber sensor based on surface enhanced Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 193504 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Measor, L. Seballos, D. Yin, J. Z. Zhang, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, and H. Schmidt, "On-chip surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection using integrated liquid-core waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, "Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 204101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

E. A. J. Marcarili and R. A. Schmeltzer, "Hollow metallic and dielectric waveguides for long distance optical transmission," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783-1809 (1964).

Chem. Phys. Lett.

H. Wetzel and H. Gerischer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering from pyridine and halide ions adsorbed on silver and gold sol particles," Chem. Phys. Lett. 76, 460-464 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

S. Habuchi, M. Cotlet, R. Gronheid, G. Dirix, J. Michiels, J. Vanderleyden, F. C. De Schryver, and J. Hofkens, "Single molecule surface enhanced resonance Raman spectroscopy of the enhanced green fluorescent protein," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 8446-8447 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

A. Shamsaie, M. Jonczyk, J. Sturgis, J. P. Robinson, and J. Irudayaraj, "Intracellularly grown gold nanoparticles as potential surface-enhanced Raman scattering probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 12, 0205021 - 0205023 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem.

P. Hildebrandt and M. Stockburger, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of Rhodamine 6G adsorbed on colloidal silver," J. Phys. Chem. 88, 5935-5944 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. X. Xu, E. J. Bjerneld, M. Kall, and L. Borjesson, "Spectroscopy of single haemoglobin molecules by surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 4357- 4360 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, "Stimulated Raman Scattering in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Science 298, 399-402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, "Single-mode guidance band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun.

G. R. Trott and T. E. Furtak, "The relationship of angle resolved light scattering from surface optical resonances to the surface enhanced Raman effect," Solid State Commun. 36, 1011-1015 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, V. B. Kartha, R. Manoharan, G. Deinum, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasarsi, and M. S. Feld, "Detection and identification of a single DNA base molecule using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)," Phys. Rev. E  57, R6281-R6284 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ricardo, Surface-enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy (John Wiley and Sons, 2006), Chap. 1.

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy: a brief perspective," in Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering, K. Kneipp, M. Moskovits, and H. Kneipp, eds., (Springer-Verlag, 2006).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Silver nanoparticles used in this experiment. TEM taken by Tich Lam Nguyen

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SEM of the HC-MOF with a kagome lattice cladding used in this experiment.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

SERRS spectra obtained from the fiber core (top), fiber cladding (middle) and free space (bottom) geometries.

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