Abstract

We demonstrate the generation μJ-level, single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large-aperture ZnTe single crystal wafer. Energies up to 1.5 μJ per pulse and a spectral range extending to 3 THz were obtained using a 100 Hz Ti:sapphire laser source and a 75-mm-diameter, 0.5-mm-thick, (110) ZnTe crystal, corresponding to an average power of 150 μW and an energy conversion efficiency of 3.1 × 10-5. We also demonstrate real-time imaging of the focused terahertz beam using a pyroelectric infrared camera.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed., (Springer, Berlin, 1998).
  2. D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).
  3. B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. Ganichev, W. Prettl, and S. G. Ganichev, Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors (Oxford, 2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. G. Markelz and E. G. Gwinn, “Nonlinear response of quantum-confined electrons in nonparabolic subbands,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 2533 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap – high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. Rodriguez, S. R. Caceres, and A. J. Taylor, “Modeling of terahertz radiation from biased photoconductors – transient velocity effects,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1994 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, Cs. Tóth, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Single-shot spatiotemporal measurements of high-field terahertz pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32, 313 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. K.-Y. Kim, G. H. James, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguer, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. K. Reimann, R. P. Smith, A. M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Direct field-resolved detection of terahertz transients with amplitudes of megavolts per centimeter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 471 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Chang, C. J. Divin, C.-H. Liu, S. L. Williamson, A. Galvanauska, and T. B. Norris, “Power scalable compact THz system based on an ultrafast Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 14, 7909 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. T. Lüffler, T. Hahn, M. Thomson, F. Jacob, and H. G. Roskos, “Large-area electro-optic ZnTe terahertz emitters,” Opt. Express 13, 5353 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  27. K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  28. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  29. P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, “Simulation study on cascaded terahertz pulse generation in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Express 15, 8076 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  32. G. L. Dakovski, B. Kubera, and J. Shan, “Localized terahertz generation via optical rectification in ZnTe”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1667 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  33. M. Reid and R. Fedosejevs, “Quantitative comparison of THz emission from (100) InAs surfaces and GaAs large-aperture photoconductive switch at high fluences,” Appl. Opt. 44, 149 (2004).

2007 (6)

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, Cs. Tóth, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Single-shot spatiotemporal measurements of high-field terahertz pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32, 313 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Kim, G. H. James, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguer, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, “Simulation study on cascaded terahertz pulse generation in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Express 15, 8076 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Chang, C. J. Divin, C.-H. Liu, S. L. Williamson, A. Galvanauska, and T. B. Norris, “Power scalable compact THz system based on an ultrafast Yb-doped fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 14, 7909 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap – high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

M. Reid and R. Fedosejevs, “Quantitative comparison of THz emission from (100) InAs surfaces and GaAs large-aperture photoconductive switch at high fluences,” Appl. Opt. 44, 149 (2004).

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

A. G. Markelz and E. G. Gwinn, “Nonlinear response of quantum-confined electrons in nonparabolic subbands,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 2533 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604 (1996).
[Crossref]

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

G. Rodriguez, S. R. Caceres, and A. J. Taylor, “Modeling of terahertz radiation from biased photoconductors – transient velocity effects,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1994 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Almasi, G.

Almási, G.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

Arena, D. A.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bakkar, H. J.

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bartal, B.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bartel, T.

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bokor, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budiarto, E.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

Caceres, S. R.

Carr, G. L.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chai, L.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.

Chen, J. X.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cole, B. E.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cook, D. J.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dakovski, G. L.

Divin, C. J.

Dykaar, D. R.

Elsaesser, T.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Reimann, R. P. Smith, A. M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Direct field-resolved detection of terahertz transients with amplitudes of megavolts per centimeter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 471 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

Fedosejevs, R.

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gaal, P.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galvanauska, A.

Ganichev, S.

S. Ganichev, W. Prettl, and S. G. Ganichev, Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors (Oxford, 2005).
[Crossref]

Ganichev, S. G.

S. Ganichev, W. Prettl, and S. G. Ganichev, Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors (Oxford, 2005).
[Crossref]

Geddes, C. G. R.

Gwinn, E. G.

A. G. Markelz and E. G. Gwinn, “Nonlinear response of quantum-confined electrons in nonparabolic subbands,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 2533 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hahn, T.

Hattori, T.

T. Hattori and K. Takeuchi, “Simulation study on cascaded terahertz pulse generation in electro-optic crystals,” Opt. Express 15, 8076 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hey, R.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, M. C.

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jacob, F.

James, G. H.

Jeon, S.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jones, R. R.

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jordan, K.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kao, C.-C.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, K.-Y.

King, B. T.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kozma, I. Z.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kubera, B.

Kuhl, J.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lang, L.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Leemans, W. P.

Li, S.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.-H.

Lüffler, T.

Luo, C.

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Margolies, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

Markelz, A. G.

A. G. Markelz and E. G. Gwinn, “Nonlinear response of quantum-confined electrons in nonparabolic subbands,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 2533 (1996).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. C.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKinney, W. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mittleman, D.

D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).

Morlino, E. A.

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

Murphy, J. B.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakatsuka, H.

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
[Crossref]

Neil, G. R.

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nienhuys, H.-K.

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Norris, T. B.

Nuss, M. C.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed., (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

Orenstein, J.

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed., (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

Planken, P. C. M.

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ploog, K. H.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prettl, W.

S. Ganichev, W. Prettl, and S. G. Ganichev, Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors (Oxford, 2005).
[Crossref]

Reid, M.

Reimann, K.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Reimann, R. P. Smith, A. M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Direct field-resolved detection of terahertz transients with amplitudes of megavolts per centimeter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 471 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Riedle, E.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguer, G.

Rodriguez, G.

Roskos, H. G.

Schroeder, C. B.

Shan, J.

Shen, Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sherwin, M. S.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, R. P.

Song, J.

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

Stanley, C. R.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. G.

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. G. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Z. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almasi, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express 13, 5762 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takeuchi, K.

Taylor, A. J.

Thomson, M.

Tian, Z.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tóth, Cs.

Tsang, T. Y.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tukamoto, K.

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
[Crossref]

van Tilborg, J.

Wang, K.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. J.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiner, A. M.

Wenckebach, T.

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. P.

G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap – high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, J. B.

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williamson, S. L.

Woerner, M.

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Reimann, R. P. Smith, A. M. Weiner, T. Elsaesser, and M. Woerner, “Direct field-resolved detection of terahertz transients with amplitudes of megavolts per centimeter,” Opt. Lett. 28, 471 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xing, Q.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yeh, K.-L.

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

You, D.

R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. You, R. R. Jones, P. H. Bucksbaum, and D. R. Dykaar, “Generation of high-power sub-cycle 500-fs electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 290 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, N.

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. Luo, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures,” Appl. Phys. A 78, 435 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

B. Bartal, I. Z. Kozma, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, J. Kuhl, E. Riedle, and J. Hebling, “Toward generation of μJ range sub-ps THz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. B. 86, 419 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10 μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 1604 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from (110) zincblende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1324 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. J. Cook, J. X. Chen, E. A. Morlino, and R. M. Hochstrasser, “Terahertz-field-induced second-harmonic generation measurements of liquid dynamics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 221 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. Budiarto, J. Margolies, S. Jeon, J. Song, and J. Bokor, “High-intensity terahertz pulses at 1-kHz repetition rate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1839 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. G. Markelz and E. G. Gwinn, “Nonlinear response of quantum-confined electrons in nonparabolic subbands,” J. Appl. Phys. 80, 2533 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Soc. B (1)

P. C. M. Planken, H.-K. Nienhuys, H. J. Bakkar, and T. Wenckebach, “Measurement and calculation of the orientation dependence of terahertz pulse detection in ZnTe,” J. Opt. Soc. B 18, 313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Hattori, K. Tukamoto, and H. Nakatsuka, “Time-resolved study of intense terahertz pulses generated by a large-aperture photoconductive antenna,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4907 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, “Materials for terahertz science and technology,” Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

B. E. Cole, J. B. Williams, B. T. King, M. S. Sherwin, and C. R. Stanley, “Coherent manipulation of semiconductor quantum bits with terahertz radiation,” Nature 410, 60 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. L. Carr, M. C. Martin, W. R. McKinney, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, and G. P. Williams, “High-power terahertz radiation from relativistic electrons,” Nature 420, 153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. Xing, L. Lang, Z. Tian, N. Zhang, S. Li, K. Wang, L. Chai, and Q. Wang, “The effect of two-photon absorption and optical excitation area on the generation of THz radiation,” Opt. Commun. 267, 422–426 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, R. Hey, and K. H. Ploog, “Nonlinear terahertz response of n-type GaAs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 187402 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Shen, T. Watanabe, D. A. Arena, C.-C. Kao, J. B. Murphy, T. Y. Tsang, X. J. Wang, and G. L. Carr, “Nonlinear cross-phase modulation with intense single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 043901 (2007). See also THz Science and Technology Network, “Team generates most energetic terahertz pulses yet, observes useful optical phenomena,” http://www.thznetwork.org/wordpress/index.php/archives/478
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Jones, D. You, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1236 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

G. P. Williams, “Filling the THz gap – high power sources and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 301 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

S. Ganichev, W. Prettl, and S. G. Ganichev, Intense Terahertz Excitation of Semiconductors (Oxford, 2005).
[Crossref]

M. C. Nuss and J. Orenstein, “Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy,” in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Spectroscopy of Solids, G. Grüner, ed., (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

D. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the high-power THz pulse source at the Advanced Laser Light Source.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Total THz pulse energy emitted from the large-aperture ZnTe source (measured just outside the vacuum chamber) as a function of the incident 800 nm laser pulse energy per unit area. The corresponding energy conversion efficiency is also shown.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Azimuthal angle dependence of the THz pulse energy generated from the ZnTe source. The solid line is the theoretically predicted response for an optical rectification source according to Eq. (1).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). THz pulse wave form obtained in a N2-purged environment using a 20 μm thick ZnTe EO detection crystal. The THz pulse energy measured at the position of the ZnTe detection crystal was equal to 0.76 μJ. The inset shows the corresponding Hilbert transform of the wave form. (b) Frequency spectrum of the THz pulse wave form shown in (a).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The square of the THz peak electric field normalized to the total THz pulse energy as a function of the laser energy.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Real time Image of the THz pulse focus obtained with an infrared pyroelectric camera (Electrophysics model PV320-L2Z). The THz pulse energy at the focal plane was 0.76 uJ. (b) Line profiles of the THz spot size from the image in (a) in the horizontal and vertical directions.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E THz X E THz Y sin ( 2 θ ) sin 2 ( θ ) ,
α = tan 1 ( 2 tan ( θ ) )
A B A + B = sin θ = 2 π λ n 0 3 r 41 E THz L ,
W = τA E THz pk 2 2 η 0 ,

Metrics