Abstract

Improvements to tapered photonic crystal fiber (PCF) fabrication have allowed us to make up to 50 m long PCF tapers with loss as low as 30 dB/km. We discuss the design constraints for tapered PCFs used for adiabatic soliton compression and demonstrate over 15 times compression of pulses from over 830 fs to 55 fs duration at a wavelength of 1.06 μm, an order of magnitude improvement over previous results.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  30. P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

2005 (2)

R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, "Compact fully fibre integrated source of 100 fs pulses at 1.1 mu m based on compression in holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 234-235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Rulkov, M. Y. Vyatkin, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, "High brightness picosecond all-fiber generation in 525-1800nm range with picosecond Yb pumping," Opt. Express 13, 377-381 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (3)

M. Midrio, M. P. Singh, and C. G. Someda, "The space filling mode of holey fibers: An analytical vectorial solution," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1031-1037 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chenikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 622-624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).Q2
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. D. Pelusi and H. F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (2)

S. V. Chernikov, E. M. Dianov, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Soliton Pulse-Compression in Dispersion- Decreasing Fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 476-478 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond Soliton Pulse Compressor Based on Dispersion Decreasing Fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

1989 (4)

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Compression of Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 761-763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).Q2
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical Description of Transient Stimulated Raman-Scattering in Optical Fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Breuer, E. I.

Cantrell, C.

Chenikov, S. V.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chenikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 622-624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

Chu, P. L.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

S. V. Chernikov, E. M. Dianov, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Soliton Pulse-Compression in Dispersion- Decreasing Fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 476-478 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond Soliton Pulse Compressor Based on Dispersion Decreasing Fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

Fork, R. L.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Compression of Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 761-763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Francois, P. L.

Gapontsev, V. P.

George, A. K.

Gordon, J. P.

Gouveianeto, A. S.

Hatami-Hanza, H.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

He, F.

Hollenbeck, D.

Holzlohner, R.

Horak, P.

Humbert, G.

Kennedy, R. E.

R. E. Kennedy, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, "High-peak-power femtosecond pulse compression with polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 32, 1199-201 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, "Compact fully fibre integrated source of 100 fs pulses at 1.1 mu m based on compression in holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 234-235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kopf, D.

Kudlinski, A.

Lederer, M. J.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Lewis, S. A. E.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chenikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 622-624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

M. D. Pelusi and H. F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, "Femtosecond Soliton Propagation in Fibers with Slowly Decreasing Dispersion," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633-1641 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Midrio, M.

Miroshnichenko, S. I.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Mostofi, A.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nikonova, Z. S.

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).Q2
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

S. V. Chernikov, E. M. Dianov, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Soliton Pulse-Compression in Dispersion- Decreasing Fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 476-478 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond Soliton Pulse Compressor Based on Dispersion Decreasing Fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi and H. F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Popov, S. V.

Price, J. H. V.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chenikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 622-624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. S. J.

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

Semenov, V. A.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serkin, V. N.

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Compression of Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 761-763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Singh, M. P.

Sinkin, O. V.

Smith, K.

Someda, C. G.

Stegeman, G. I.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stifter, D.

Stolen, R. H.

Tajima, K.

Taylor, J. R.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Travers, J. C.

Tse, M. L. V.

Tunnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

Vyatkin, M. Y.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wiesauer, K.

Wigley, P. G. J.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveianeto, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, "Soliton Generation through Raman Amplification of Noise Bursts," Opt. Lett. 14, 1122-1124 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, J.

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical Description of Transient Stimulated Raman-Scattering in Optical Fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yen, R.

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Compression of Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 761-763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zweck, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. Yen, R. H. Stolen, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Compression of Femtosecond Optical Pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 761-763 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. M. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, "Picosecond Soliton Pulse Compressor Based on Dispersion Decreasing Fiber," Electron. Lett. 28, 1842-1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Kennedy, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, "Compact fully fibre integrated source of 100 fs pulses at 1.1 mu m based on compression in holey fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 234-235 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Reeves-Hall, S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chenikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Picosecond soliton pulse-duration-selectable source based on adiabatic compression in Raman amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 622-624 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. D. Pelusi and H. F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, "Theoretical Description of Transient Stimulated Raman-Scattering in Optical Fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665-2673 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, "High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233-244 (2006).Q1
[CrossRef]

IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).Q2
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (8)

M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, "Pulse compression at 1.06 mu m in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers," Opt. Lett. 31, 3504-3506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kennedy, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, "High-peak-power femtosecond pulse compression with polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 32, 1199-201 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, J. P. Gordon, and W. J. Tomlinson, "Extreme Picosecond Pulse Narrowing by Means of Soliton Effect in Single-Mode Optical Fibers," Opt. Lett. 8, 289-291 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tajima, "Compensation of Soliton Broadening in Nonlinear Optical Fibers with Loss," Opt. Lett. 12, 54-56 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Smith and L. F. Mollenauer, "Experimental-Observation of Adiabatic-Compression and Expansion of Soliton Pulses over Long Fiber Paths," Opt. Lett. 14, 751-753 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveianeto, P. G. J. Wigley, and J. R. Taylor, "Soliton Generation through Raman Amplification of Noise Bursts," Opt. Lett. 14, 1122-1124 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov, E. M. Dianov, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, "Soliton Pulse-Compression in Dispersion- Decreasing Fiber," Opt. Lett. 18, 476-478 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. V. Mamyshev, P. G. J. Wigley, J. Wilson, G. I. Stegeman, V. A. Semenov, E. M. Dianov, and S. I. Miroshnichenko, "Adiabatic compression of Schr¨odinger solitons due to the combined perturbations of higher-order dispersion and delayed nonlinear response," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 73-76 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. M. Dianov, Z. S. Nikonova, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, "Optimal compression of multi-soliton pulses in optical fibers," Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 12, 311-313 (1986).Q3

Other (2)

V. Gapontsev, D. Gapontsev, N. Platonov, O. Shkurikhin, V. Fomin, A. Mashkin, M. Abramov, and S. Ferin, "2 kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness," in Conference on Lasers and Elctro- Optics Europe, p. 508 (IEEE, Munich, Germany, 2005).

J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, A. Kudlinski, A. K. George, and J. C. Knight, "Dispersion- Decreasing PCF for Blue-UV Supercontinuum Generation," in Conference on Lasers and Elctro-Optics, p. CPDA11 (Optical Society of America, Long Beach, CA, USA, 2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Profiles of (a) the dispersion and (b) the nonlinearity along two illustrative tapers S1 (d/Λ constant at 0.8, Λ changing from 2 to 4.2 μm) and S2 (d/Λ changing from 0.55 to 0.44 and Λ changing from 1.76 to 1.56 μm). (c) The simulated pulse compression factors along the tapers. All are shown over a length corresponding to 6 soliton periods. The input pulse duration was τFWHM = 800 fs and both tapers had a realistic loss of 25 dB/km.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning electron micrographs of the input and output ends of the tapers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The measured dispersion profiles of Taper A (blue) and Taper B (red).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup for pumping the dispersion decreasing PCF. YDFA = ytterbium doped fiber amplifier; PM = polarization maintaining.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Output pulse duration (FWHM) from Taper A for given soliton energy (input τFWHM = 655 fs); spectra of the output pulses at N = 1 and N = 2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Autocorrelations of the input to Taper A and output for N = 2.; (b) fringe-resolved autocorrelation of the output pulse at N = 2.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Output pulse duration (FWHM) from Taper B for given soliton energy (input τFWHM = 830 fs); (b) spectra of the output pulses at various soliton orders.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelations of the input to Taper B and output for N = 2.

Equations (1)

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τ 0 = 2 N 2 β 2 γ E s

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