Abstract

Focused femtosecond laser pulses have been used to modify the optical properties of glass doped with CdSxSe1-x nanocrystals. Large positive refractive index changes have been observed and exploited for the fabrication of photonic devices. In particular, we report on highly confining optical waveguides and single and multi-layer volume diffraction gratings.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. K. Minoshima, A. M. Kowalevicz, I. Hartl, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Photonic device fabrication in glass by use of nonlinear materials processing with a femtosecond laser oscillator," Opt. Lett. 26, 1516-1518 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
  11. R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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2007

H. Zhang, S. M. Eaton, J. Li, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, and P. R. Herman, "Type II high-strength Bragg grating waveguides photowritten with ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Express 15, 4182-4191 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, H. Byun, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, E. P. Ippen, F. X. K¨artner, H. I. Smith, J. S. Orcutt, R. J. Ram, V. Stojanovic, O. O. Olubuyide, J. L. Hoyt, S. Spector, M. Geis, M. Grein, T. Lyszczarz, and J. U. Yoon, "Silicon photonics for compact, energy-efficient interconnects [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 63-73 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JON-6-1-63>.
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

L. Ding, R. Blackwell, J. F. Kunzler, and W. H. Knox, "Large refractive index change in silicone-based and nonsilicone-based hydrogel polymers induced by femtosecond laser micro-machining," Opt. Express 14, 11901-11909 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Marshall, M. Ams, and M. Withford, "Direct laser written waveguideBragg gratings in bulk fused silica," Opt. Lett. 31, 2690-2691 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

2003

2001

2000

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. Hirao and K. Miura,"Writing waveguides and gratings in silica and related materials by a femtosecond laser," J. Non-Cryst.Solids 239, 91-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Aiello, L.

Ams, M.

Asano, T.

Barwicz, T.

Bhardwaj, V. R.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blackwell, R.

Bookey, H. T.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bottani, C. E.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Burghoff, J.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Byun, H.

Campbell, S.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, V. Maselli, A. Yin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, L. Aiello, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini, "Optical properties of waveguides written by a 26 MHz stretched cavity Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 13, 612-620 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, J. W.

Chang, S.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Chiodo, N.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, V. Maselli, A. Yin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, L. Aiello, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini, "Optical properties of waveguides written by a 26 MHz stretched cavity Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 13, 612-620 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davis, K. M.

De Nicola, S.

Della Valle, G.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

Eaton, S. M.

Feit, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferraro, P.

Finizio, A.

Florea, C.

Flueraru, C.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Garcia, J. F.

Hartl, I.

Herman, P. R.

Hirao, K.

Hnatovsky, C.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, C. W.

Huser, T.

Ippen, E. P.

Itoh, K.

Jha, A.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Killi, A.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kluge, M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, "Coupled wave theory for thick hologram gratings," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909-2947 (1969).

Kopf, D.

Kowalevicz, A. M.

Krol, D. M.

Kunzler, J. F.

Kuroiwa, Y.

Laporta, P.

Lazarov, V.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Li, J.

Li Bassi, A.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, C.

Lu, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Malý, P.

M. Šimurda, P. Nĕmec, F. Trojánek, and P. Malý, "Substantial enhancement of photoluminescence in CdSe nanocrystals by femtosecond pulse illumination," Thin Solid Films 453, 300-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

Marshall, G. D.

Martinez-Vazquez, R.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maselli, V.

Masuda, M.

Mazur, E.

Midorikawa, K.

Minoshima, K.

Miura, K.

K. Hirao and K. Miura,"Writing waveguides and gratings in silica and related materials by a femtosecond laser," J. Non-Cryst.Solids 239, 91-95 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. J. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping," Opt. Lett. 29, 1288-1290 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narita, Y.

Nejadmalayeri, A. H.

Nemec, P.

M. Šimurda, P. Nĕmec, F. Trojánek, and P. Malý, "Substantial enhancement of photoluminescence in CdSe nanocrystals by femtosecond pulse illumination," Thin Solid Films 453, 300-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishii, J.

Nolte, S.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, V. Maselli, A. Yin, M. Zavelani-Rossi, G. Cerullo, P. Laporta, L. Aiello, S. De Nicola, P. Ferraro, A. Finizio, and G. Pierattini, "Optical properties of waveguides written by a 26 MHz stretched cavity Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator," Opt. Express 13, 612-620 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli. S. De Silvestri and G. Cerullo, "Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559-1567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierattini, G.

Polli, D.

Popovic, M. A.

Psaila, N.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rakich, P. T.

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli. S. De Silvestri and G. Cerullo, "Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559-1567 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rayner, D. M.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, J.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

Richardson, M.

Risbud, S.

Rivero, C.

Rubenchik, A. M.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Schreder, B.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schulte, A.

Shen, S.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shihoyama, K.

Shore, B. W.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Šimurda, M.

M. Šimurda, P. Nĕmec, F. Trojánek, and P. Malý, "Substantial enhancement of photoluminescence in CdSe nanocrystals by femtosecond pulse illumination," Thin Solid Films 453, 300-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spinella, C.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Sugioka, K.

Sun, F.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Takeshima, N.

Tanaka, S.

Taylor, R. S.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R. R.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Trojánek, F.

M. Šimurda, P. Nĕmec, F. Trojánek, and P. Malý, "Substantial enhancement of photoluminescence in CdSe nanocrystals by femtosecond pulse illumination," Thin Solid Films 453, 300-303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Watts, M. R.

Will, M.

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Winick, K.

Withford, M.

Xiao, G.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. V.

V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Yin, A.

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zimmer, J.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zoubir, A.

Appl. Phys. A

S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Burghoff, and A. Tuennermann, "Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to threedimensional integrated optics," Appl. Phys. A 77, 109-111 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Xiao, F. Sun, S. Chang, and C. Flueraru, "Fabrication and stitching of embedded multi-layer micro-gratings in fused silica glass by fs laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 86, 151-154 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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V. V. Yakovlev, V. Lazarov, J. Reynolds, and M. Gajdardziska-Josifovska, "Laser-induced phase transformations in semiconductor quantum dots," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2050-2052 (2000).
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R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. Della Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, "Waveguide lasers in the C-band fabricated by laser inscription with a compact femtosecond oscillator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 277-285 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, N. Psaila, S. Campbell, D. T. Reid, S. Shen, A. Jha, and A. K. Kar, "Internal gain from an erbium-doped oxyfluoride-silicate glass waveguide fabricated using femtosecond waveguide inscription," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1515-1517 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

V. R. Bhardwaj, E. Simova, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Rayner, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, B. Schreder, M. Kluge, and J. Zimmer, "Femtosecond laser-induced refractive index modification in multicomponent glasses," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 083102 (2005).
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R. Osellame, R. Martınez-Vazquez, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, O. Svelto, V. Russo, A. Li Bassi, C. E. Bottani, and C. Spinella, "Interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and CdSxSe1−x quantum dots in glasses," Phys. Rev. B 76, 045340 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. C. Stuart, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, and M. D. Perry, "Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2248-2251 (1995).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic set-up for femtosecond laser irradiation of the nanostructured glass. The blow-up illustrates the capability of direct modification in the volume.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectra of the OG530 filter before (continuous line) and after (dashed line) illumination with femtosecond laser light.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Cross-sectional profile of the refractive index change (Δn) of a femtosecond-laser-written waveguide. Top and right panels: profiles in the x and z directions crossing the point of maximum refractive index change. (b) Near field image of the waveguide mode at 1550 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Microscope image of the phase grating produced inside the OG530 glass, the period is Λ = 10 μm; (b) Picture of the experimental diffraction pattern generated by a He-Ne laser beam (λ = 633 nm) after the grating; (c) Intensity profile of the experimental diffraction pattern.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Schematic drawing of the double-layer grating; (b) Picture of the experimental diffraction pattern generated by a He-Ne laser after the grating; (c) Intensity profile of the experimental diffraction pattern.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Calculated and experimental diffraction efficiencies at 633 nm. The calculated values have been obtained using: a refractive index change Δn = 1.8 × 10-2; a grating thickness d = 5.5 μm for the single grating and (a) d = 10 μm and (b) d = 9 μm for the double grating.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Q = 2 πλd n 0 Λ 2
η m = J m 2 ( 2 π Δ n λ d )

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