Abstract

A complete theoretical and experimental analysis of the photonic band structure for the Suzuki-phase lattice is presented. The band diagrams were calculated by two-dimensional plane wave expansion and three-dimensional guided-mode expansion methods. Angle resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy has been used to measure the emission of the photonic crystal structure realized in active InAsP/InP slabs. Photonic bands with a very low group velocity along an entire direction of the reciprocal lattice have been measured, which may have important applications on future photonic devices. The experimentally determined dispersion is in very good agreement with the calculated photonic bands. The presence of defect modes produced by microcavities in the Suzuki-phase lattice has also been established.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  24. A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (6)

T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q factors (∼ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nat. Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Andreani, and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Monat, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystals microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demostration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Caballero, J. S’anchez-Dehesa, R. Martinez-Sala, C. Rubio, J.V. Sanchez-Perez, C. Rubio, L. Sanchis, and F. Meseguer, "Suzuki phase in two-dimensional sonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 64, 064303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

T. Baba, N. Fukaya and Yonekura, "Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends," Electron. Lett. 35, 654-656 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alija, A. R.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nat. Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demostration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreani, L. C.

L. C. Andreani, and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Astratov, V. N.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, N. Fukaya and Yonekura, "Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends," Electron. Lett. 35, 654-656 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Belotti, M.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caballero, D.

D. Caballero, J. S’anchez-Dehesa, R. Martinez-Sala, C. Rubio, J.V. Sanchez-Perez, C. Rubio, L. Sanchis, and F. Meseguer, "Suzuki phase in two-dimensional sonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 64, 064303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, I. S.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

David, A.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

deMaagt, P. J. I.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S.P.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diana, F.S.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doll, T.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nat. Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, N.

T. Baba, N. Fukaya and Yonekura, "Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends," Electron. Lett. 35, 654-656 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galli, M.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Andreani, and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hamann, Hendrik F.

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Irrera, A.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

X. Letartre, C. Monat, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystals microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, L. J.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S.

McNab, Sharee J.

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meier, C.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miritello, M.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyai, E.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moll, N.

Monat, C.

X. Letartre, C. Monat, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystals microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nedeljkovic, D.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

T. Asano, B. -S. Song, and S. Noda, "Analysis of the experimental Q factors (∼ 1 million) of photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 14, 1996-2002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O’Boyle, Martin

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohnishi, D.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okano, T.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patrini, M.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pearsall, T. P.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Perschel, U.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Politi, A.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Postigo, P. A.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Priolo, F.

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reynolds, A. L.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, T.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, K.

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Monat, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystals microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, R.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skolnick, M. S.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Song, B. -S.

Stevenson, R. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viktorovitch, P.

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Monat, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Analytical modeling and an experimental investigation of two-dimensional photonic crystals microlasers: defect state (microcavity) versus band-edge state (distributed feedback) structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2581-2595 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Vlasov, Yurii A.

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nat. Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demostration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weisbuch, C.

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Whittaker, D. M.

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yonekura, N.

T. Baba, N. Fukaya and Yonekura, "Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends," Electron. Lett. 35, 654-656 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, "Laser characteristics with ultimate-small modal volume in photonic crystal slab point-shift nanolasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, "Waveguiding in planar photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937-1939 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, "Experimental demostration of the slow group velocity of light in two-dimensional coupled photonic crystal microcavity arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J. P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP based 2-D photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102-5104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Alija, L. J. Martínez, P. A. Postigo, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, "Coupled-cavity two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide ring laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. David, C. Meier, R. Sharma, F.S. Diana, S.P. DenBaars, E. Hu, S. Nakamura, C. Weisbuch, and H. Benisty, "Photonic bands in two-dimensionally patterned multimode GaN waveguides for light extraction," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Galli, A. Politi, M. Belotti, D. Gerace, M. Liscidini, M. Patrini, L. C. Andreani, M. Miritello, A. Irrera, F. Priolo, and Y. Chen, "Strong enhancement of Er3+ emission at room temperature in silicon-on-insulator photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Baba, N. Fukaya and Yonekura, "Observation of light propagation in photonic crystal optical waveguides with bends," Electron. Lett. 35, 654-656 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering of InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystal microlasers on a silicon wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419-425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Sakai, E. Miyai, T. Sakaguchi, D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, and S. Noda, "Lasing band-edge identification for a surface-emitting photonic crystal laser," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1335 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

A. L. Reynolds, U. Perschel, F. Lederer, P. J. Roberts, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. I. deMaagt,"Coupled Defects in Photonic Crystals," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.,  49, 1860-1867 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vuckovic, "Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser," Nat. Phys. 2, 484-488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

Yurii A. Vlasov, Martin O’Boyle, Hendrik F. Hamann, and Sharee J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature (London) 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

A. Chutinan and S. Noda, "Waveguides and waveguide bends in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 62, 4488-4492 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Caballero, J. S’anchez-Dehesa, R. Martinez-Sala, C. Rubio, J.V. Sanchez-Perez, C. Rubio, L. Sanchis, and F. Meseguer, "Suzuki phase in two-dimensional sonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 64, 064303 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Andreani, and D. Gerace, "Photonic-crystal slabs with a triangular lattice of triangular holes investigated using a guided-mode expansion method," Phys. Rev. B 73, 235114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Astratov, D. M. Whittaker, I. S. Culshaw, R. M. Stevenson, M. S. Skolnick, T. F. Krauss, and R. M. De La Rue, "Photonic band-structure e_ects in the reflectivity of periodically patterned waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 60, R16255 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely Large Group-Velocity Dispersion of Line-Defect Waveguides in Photonic Crystals Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1995).

S. Noda and T. Baba, Roadmap on Photonic Crystals, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 2003).

K. Inoue and K. Ohtaka, Photonic Crystals: Physics, Fabrication and Applications (Springer-Verlag, New York, 2004).

J. Sanchez-Dehesa, F. Ramos-Mendieta, J. Bravo-Abad, J. Martí, A. Martínez, and A. García, "Suzuki phase in two-dimensional photonic crystals," in Photonic Bandgap Materials and Devices, Ali Adibi, Axel Scherer, Shawn-Yu Lin, eds, Proc. SPIE 4655, 251-259 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Theoretical image of the Suzuki structure. Arrows show the high symmetry directions. (b) Two-dimensional Brillouin zone with symmetry points.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Two dimensional simulations of the band diagram of the Suzuki-phase lattice. The parameters are ε = 10.1 for the dielectric constant of the background material and r/a = 0.33 for the hole radius, where a is the lattice constant of the underlying triangular lattice. The “light lines” for air and silica claddings are drawn in red dashed lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Three dimensional simulations of the band diagram of the Suzuki lattice. Parameters are given in the text. (a) Full band structure of the air/InP/SiO2 waveguide, (b) even (TE-like) modes of the “symmetric” waveguide where both upper and lower claddings have the same dielectric constant. The “light lines” for air and silica claddings are drawn in red dashed lines.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SEM image of the fabricated Suzuki structure. The lattice parameter is a = 455 and the value of r/a is around 0.33. White arrows mark the directions that have been analyzed experimentally.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Room-temperature photoluminescence spectra at θ = 0° of the PC structure (red line) and of the unpatterned sample (black line).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Normalized PL spectra in the X2 - Γ direction for different angles (Δθ= 10°). Some extra spectra are plotted around the crossing in order to observe with higher accuracy the crossing point. (b) Normalized PL spectra in the Γ-X1 direction for different angles (Δθ= 10°). (c) Band diagram for the Suzuki lattice. Solid lines correspond to bands calculated by guided-mode expansion method with parameters a = 455 nm, r/a = 0.33 and d/a = 0.5209. Different shape and colors knots are the values obtained from the spectra measured by angle-resolved photoluminescence. At the crossing point, black squares and red circles are superimposed.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Spectra of unpatterned, defect and no defect structures (black, red and blue lines respectively) taken with an objective of 0.65NA at normal incidence. Inset: SEM image of the SP2 cavity on the Suzuki-phase lattice. (b) Normalized PL spectra measured at 5° for defect and no defect Suzuki-phase structure (red and black lines respectively). Inset: close-up view of the peak corresponding to the cavity mode.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Cavity modes of the SP2 microcavity (in red) calculated with a 8 × 8 supercell. The Q-factors are indicated. The regions of the photonic bands of the periodic lattice folded in the 8x8 supercell are drawn by grey areas. (b) Contour plot of the Hz field component in the midplane of the InP slab, for the cavity mode with Q=125.

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