Abstract

Low threshold laser action of dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs) is demonstrated using an input circularly polarized light whose handedness is the same as the cholesteric helix of the sample at the high-energy band edge of the reflection band. The mechanism originates from the dramatic increase of the photon density of state at the band edges. We also demonstrate an enhanced laser action of a CLC in a dielectric multilayer cavity. In such a device configuration, the band-edge excitation at high-energy band edge improves the lasing performance not only for the same handedness circularly polarized pump beam as the cholesteric helix but also for the opposite one. It stems from the polarization independence of the dielectric multilayers.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2059-2062 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, "Strong localization o photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2486-2489 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, New York, 2001).
  7. V. I. Kopp and A. Z. Genack, "Apparatus and method for mode selection in a photonic band edge laser," US Patent 6,411,635, B1 (June 25, 2002).
  8. V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, C. Doyle, and S. T. Wu, "Tuning the photonic band gap in cholesteric liquid crystals by temperature-dependent dopant solubility," Opt. Express 14,1236-1242 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).
  12. T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Chilaya, "Light-controlled change in the helical pitch and broadband tunable cholesteric liquid-crystal lasers," Crystallography Reports 51, Suppl. 1, S108-S118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, "Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector," Opt. Express 14, 3906-3916 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport. M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, "Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87,231107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

G. Chilaya, "Light-controlled change in the helical pitch and broadband tunable cholesteric liquid-crystal lasers," Crystallography Reports 51, Suppl. 1, S108-S118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, C. Doyle, and S. T. Wu, "Tuning the photonic band gap in cholesteric liquid crystals by temperature-dependent dopant solubility," Opt. Express 14,1236-1242 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, "Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector," Opt. Express 14, 3906-3916 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport. M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, "Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87,231107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization o photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Amemiya, K.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barberi, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartolino, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chanishvili, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. J.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chilaya, G.

G. Chilaya, "Light-controlled change in the helical pitch and broadband tunable cholesteric liquid-crystal lasers," Crystallography Reports 51, Suppl. 1, S108-S118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coles, H. J.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, C.

Ford, A. D.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Funamoto, K.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gimenez, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Il’chishin, I. P.

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Ishikawa, K.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, "Strong localization o photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kajii, H.

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawagishi, Y.

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, S.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kosaka, H.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lidorikis, E.

D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. H.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsuhisa, Y.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morris, S. M.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oriol, L.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, R.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petriashvili, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pinol, M.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pivnenko, M. N.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rapaport, A.

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport. M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, "Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87,231107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roundy, D.

D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shpak, M. T.

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Song, M. H.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takanishi, Y.

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Take, H.

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonov, E. A.

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Tishchenko, V. G.

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Tomita, A.

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. H.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P. C.

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zakhidov, A. A.

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Lin, Y. J. Chen, C. H. Wu, A. Y. G. Fuh, J. H. Liu, and P. C. Yang, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86,161120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, "Widely tunable ultraviolet-visible liquid crystal laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, A. Rapaport. M. Bass, and S. T. Wu, "Doubling the optical efficiency of a chiral liquid crystal laser using a reflector," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87,231107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Crystallography Reports (1)

G. Chilaya, "Light-controlled change in the helical pitch and broadband tunable cholesteric liquid-crystal lasers," Crystallography Reports 51, Suppl. 1, S108-S118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Kajii, Y. Kawagishi, H. Take, K. Yoshino, A. A. Zakhidov, and R. H. Baughman "Optical and electrical properties of opal carbon replica and effect of pyrolysis," J. Appl. Phys. 88,758-763 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Roundy, E. Lidorikis, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Polarization-selective waveguide bends in a photonic crystal structure with layered square symmetry," J. Appl. Phys. 96,7750-7752 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Amemiya, M. H. Song, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa. S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe "Lowering the lasing threshold by introducing cholesteric liquid crystal films to dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal cell surfaces,"Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44,7966-7971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozaki, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, "Single-mode lasing in a one-dimensional periodic structure containing helical structure as a defect," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,  44, 629-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Kosaka, T. Kawashima, A. Tomita, M. Notomi, T. Tamamura, T. Sato, and S. Kawakami, "Superprism phenomena in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 58,R10096 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization o photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58,2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. I. Kopp, Z. Zhang and A. Z. Genack, "Lasing in chiral photonic structures," Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369-416 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sov. JETP Lett. (1)

I. P. Il’chishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko and M. T. Shpak, "Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals," Sov. JETP Lett. 32, 24-27 (1980).

Other (2)

S. T. Wu and D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, New York, 2001).

V. I. Kopp and A. Z. Genack, "Apparatus and method for mode selection in a photonic band edge laser," US Patent 6,411,635, B1 (June 25, 2002).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The CLC cell with dielectric multilayers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission and emission spectra of CLC as a function of temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Band-edge wavelength dependence of lasing threshold for the LCP and RCP pump beams. The band edge wavelength is controlled by the temperature.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra of the CLC cell, dielectric mirror, and laser spectrum of DM-CLC cell.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Lasing threshold and (b). emission intensity at 20 μJ/pulse as a function of CLC band-edge wavelength.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Emission intensity as a function of pump energy of CLC with and without dielectric mirrors upon band-edge excitation.

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