Abstract

We present a new scheme to generate efficient isolated attosecond pulse by using the combination of a fundamental and a weak second harmonic (SH) field in the multi-cycle regime. Because of the symmetry breaking of the electric field, the ionization dynamics of the electron can be controlled by adjusting the relative phase of the two fields. Then attosecond (as) pulses will be generated each full optical cycle of the fundamental field. Our simulation shows that the intensity of the single attosecond pulse can be enhanced by an order of magnitude in our scheme compared with the scheme in [Opt. Lett. 31, 975 (2006)].

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field," Opt. Lett. 31,975-977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994-1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,1251-1254 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, "Subfemtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 19,1870-1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. T. Platonenko and V. V. Strelkov, "Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16,435-440 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191-1194 (1986).
  14. S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 29,2303-2305 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, "Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field," Opt. Lett. 31,975-977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, "Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 29,2303-2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, "Subfemtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 19,1870-1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191-1194 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammesov, M. V.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191-1194 (1986).

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N. H.

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corcum, P. B.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71,1994-1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191-1194 (1986).

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gurtler, A.

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Y.

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, "Subfemtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 19,1870-1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kienerger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191-1194 (1986).

Krausz, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, "Attosecond pulse trains using high-order harmonics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,1234-1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, "Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields," Phys. Rev. A 49,2117-2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martens, R. L.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mevel, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the "Single-Cycle" Regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78,1251-1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

Ni, Y.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noordam, L. D.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

Platonenko, V. T.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414,509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strelkov, V.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V. V.

Tcherbakoff, O.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel and E. Constant, "Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse," J. Phys. B 38,L161-L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, "Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses," Science 314,443-446 (2006).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
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P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, "Direct observation of attosecond light bunching," Nature (London) 426,267-271 (2003).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Atomic transient recorder," Nature (London) 427,817-821 (2004).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Harmonic spectrum (a) and the spectrogram (b) of harmonic radiation from Neon exposed to a 21 fs, 800 nm, two-color field.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time profiles of the harmonic attosecond pulse trains from the first cut-off region (a) and the second cut-off region (b) in Fig. 1(a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Classical ionization (black stars) and recombination times (red diamonds) as a function of the return kinetic energy in unit of the ponderomotive potential Up. The arrows demonstrate the evolution process of the electron. (b) Time-dependence of the cw field (blue solid line) amplitude and the ionization rate (black dashed line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Ratio of the maximum kinetic energies in the first versus the second half-cycle as a function of the relative phase between the fundamental and the SH fields. (b) Radio of the ionization rates of electrons with maximum kinetic energies in the first versus the second half-cycle as a function of the relative phase between the fundamental and the SH field.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal profiles of the isolated attosecond pulses generated with the first scheme (dashed line) at ϕ = 1.5π and the second scheme (solid line) at ϕ = 0.8π.

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