Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable and stable single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) erbium fiber laser with a passive triple-ring cavity structure in S-band operation. The proposed laser is fundamentally structured by using three different lengths of ring cavities, which serve as the mode filters. When a mode-restricting intracavity fiber Fabry-Perot tunable filter (FFP-TF) is combined, the proposed resonator can guarantee a tunable and stable SLM laser oscillation. Moreover, the performances of the output power, wavelength stability, tuning range, and side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) are studied.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Cheng, J. T. Kringlebotn, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and D. N. Payne, "Stable single-frequency traveling-wave fiber loop laser with integral saturable-absorber-based tracking narrow-band filter," Opt. Lett. 20, 875-877 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. J. C. Libatique, L. Wang, and R. K. Jain, "Single-longitudinal-mode tunable WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser," Opt. Express 10, 1503-1507 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  4. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, "Mode-hop-free single-longitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser frequency scanned with a fiber ring resonator," Appl. Opt. 38, 5154-5157 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053-1054 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, G. He, G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable S-band fiber-ring lasers and broadband amplified spontaneous emission sources with thulium-doped fluoride fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1629-1634 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Zhang, and J. W. Y. Lit, "All-fiber compound ring resonator with a ring filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 12,1256-1262 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, and J. W. Y. Lit, "All-fiber compound ring resonator with a ring filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 12,1256-1262 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

Chen, H.

Cheng, Y.

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053-1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clements, W. R. L.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

Daisy, R.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, B.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

He, G.

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Johnstone, W.

Kim, S. K.

Kringlebotn, J. T.

Laming, R. I.

Leblanc, M.

Lee, C. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053-1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Libatique, N. J. C.

Lit, J. W. Y.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, and J. W. Y. Lit, "All-fiber compound ring resonator with a ring filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 12,1256-1262 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

Payne, D. N.

Schinn, G. W.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, G. He, G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable S-band fiber-ring lasers and broadband amplified spontaneous emission sources with thulium-doped fluoride fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1629-1634 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubopv, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, G.

Wang, L.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053-1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yue, C.-Y.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, and J. W. Y. Lit, "All-fiber compound ring resonator with a ring filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 12,1256-1262 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fisher, and J. Zyskind, "Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fiber laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber," Electron. Lett. 30, 648-649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubopv, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, "40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1167-1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053-1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Zhang, and J. W. Y. Lit, "All-fiber compound ring resonator with a ring filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 12,1256-1262 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C.-Y. Yue, G. W. Schinn, W. R. L. Clements, and J. W. Y. Lit, "Stable single-mode compound-ring erbium-doped fiber laser," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 104-109 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, G. He, G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable S-band fiber-ring lasers and broadband amplified spontaneous emission sources with thulium-doped fluoride fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1629-1634 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Proposed experimental setup of an S-band erbium fiber laser with a multiple-ring cavity structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of this S-band EDF ring laser while the various external-voltage applied on the PZT of FFP-TF in the tuning range of 1481 to 1521 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power and SMSR versus the tuning wavelength in this ring laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Detected homodyne frequency spectrum of the proposed laser (a) with only single-ring cavity and (b) with triple-ring cavities.

Metrics