Abstract

Optical performance monitoring is an indispensable feature for optical systems and networks. In this paper, we propose the concept of optical performance monitoring through channel estimation by receiver signal processing. We show that in coherent-optical-orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexed (CO-OFDM) systems, critical optical system parameters including fiber chromatic dispersion, Q value, and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) can be accurately monitored without resorting to separate monitoring devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, "A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks," in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7-10, 182-184 (2000).
  3. W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Fu, and R. Q. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, "Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects," Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).
  7. T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, "A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring," Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Li, and G. Li, "Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2859 - 2866 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Buchali, "Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission," Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWR5, Anaheim, California (March 2006).
  11. W. Shieh, and C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Hara, and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).
  15. J. Proakis, Digital Communications, (WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York, 3rd ed.), Chap. 5.
  16. N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, "Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks" Opt. Photon. News 14, 43-49 (2003).
  18. E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, "Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone, " Opt. Express,  14, 4611-4616 (MAY 2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

W. Shieh, and C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, "Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone, " Opt. Express,  14, 4611-4616 (MAY 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, and G. Li, "Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2859 - 2866 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu, and R. Q. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, "Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks" Opt. Photon. News 14, 43-49 (2003).

1998

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993

N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, "Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks" Opt. Photon. News 14, 43-49 (2003).

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh, and C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bach, R.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J. D.

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, "Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks" Opt. Photon. News 14, 43-49 (2003).

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, M.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cimini, L. J.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davidsion, C. R.

N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, D.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Evans, J.

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, B.

B. Fu, and R. Q. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R. Q.

B. Fu, and R. Q. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hutchins, J.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F. W.

N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landolsi, T.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Li, Y.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Liu, A.

Lu, G.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nezam, S.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pendock, G. J.

Preiss, M.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, A.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, and C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sollenberger, N. R.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, "Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone, " Opt. Express,  14, 4611-4616 (MAY 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEE Electron. Lett.

W. Shieh, and C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen and R. S. Tucker, "Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems," IEE Electron. Lett. 42, 996 - 997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. S.  Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304 - 306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, "Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2029 - 2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen; R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, "Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2484 - 2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, "Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2790 - 2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu, and R. Q. Hui, "Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1561-1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner, " PMD monitoring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2177 - 2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, "Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels" IEEE Trans. Commun.,  46, 902-915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Lightwave. Technol

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, "Optical performance monitoring," J. Lightwave. Technol 22, 294-304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Photon. News

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, "Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks" Opt. Photon. News 14, 43-49 (2003).

Other

S. Hara, and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).

J. Proakis, Digital Communications, (WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York, 3rd ed.), Chap. 5.

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, "A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks," in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7-10, 182-184 (2000).

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, "A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring," Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Buchali, "Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission," Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWR5, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, "Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects," Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Time and Frequency representations of an OFDM signal

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Performance of CD monitoring through channel estimation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The monitored system Q and OSNR as a function of input OSNR

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

c ki ' = e j ( ϕ i ) c ki e j Φ D ( k ) + n ki
Φ D ( k ) = ϕ 0 + 2 πτ 0 f k + π c f LD 1 2 D t f k 2
ϕ i = 0.5 mod ( 2 * arg ( c ki ) , 2 π ) k
c ki p = e j Φ D ( f k ) c ki + n ki p
Φ D ( f k ) = arg ( c ki p ) arg ( c ki ) i
BER = 0.5 erfc ( 2 ESNR )
ESNR = c ki i 2 / δ k 2 k
Q = 10 log 10 ( 2 ∙ESNR )
1 ESNR = A 1 OSNR + B
BER = 0.5 erfc 2 2 OSNR B 0 R
Q = 10 log 10 4 OSNR B 0 R
ESNR = 2 OSNR B 0 R

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