Abstract

Optical performance monitoring is an indispensable feature for optical systems and networks. In this paper, we propose the concept of optical performance monitoring through channel estimation by receiver signal processing. We show that in coherent-optical-orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexed (CO-OFDM) systems, critical optical system parameters including fiber chromatic dispersion, Q value, and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) can be accurately monitored without resorting to separate monitoring devices.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).
  3. W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Fu and R. Q. Hui, “Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,1561–1563 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).
  7. T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Li and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,2859 –2866 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Buchali, “Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission,” Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWR5, Anaheim, California (March 2006).
  11. W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,587–589 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Hara and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).
  15. J. Proakis, Digital Communications, (WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York, 3rd ed.), Chap. 5.
  16. N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, “Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks” Opt. Photon. News 14,43–49 (2003).
  18. E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone,” Opt. Express, 14,4611–4616 (MAY 2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

Z. Li and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,2859 –2866 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,587–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone,” Opt. Express, 14,4611–4616 (MAY 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu and R. Q. Hui, “Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, “Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks” Opt. Photon. News 14,43–49 (2003).

2000 (1)

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).

1998 (1)

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, “Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks” Opt. Photon. News 14,43–49 (2003).

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,587–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bach, R.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J. D.

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, “Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks” Opt. Photon. News 14,43–49 (2003).

Blumenthal, D. J.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

F. Buchali, “Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission,” Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWR5, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Chan, C.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, M.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).

Cimini, L. J.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davidsion, C. R.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dods, S.

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, D.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Evans, J.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, P.

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

Fu, B.

B. Fu and R. Q. Hui, “Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hara, S.

S. Hara and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).

Hewitt, D.

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

Hinton, K.

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R. Q.

B. Fu and R. Q. Hui, “Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hutchins, J.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J.

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F. W.

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D.

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landolsi, T.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Z. Li and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,2859 –2866 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,2859 –2866 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

Lu, G.

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moller, L.

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Nezam, S.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ostar, L.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. J.

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).

Pendock, G. J.

Prasa, R.

S. Hara and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).

Preiss, M.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Proakis, J.

J. Proakis, Digital Communications, (WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York, 3rd ed.), Chap. 5.

Ryf, R.

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Sahin, A.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,587–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S. K.

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).

Sollenberger, N. R.

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Improved chromatic dispersion monitoring using single RF monitoring tone,” Opt. Express, 14,4611–4616 (MAY 2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Yan, L.

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEE Electron. Lett (2)

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,587–589 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, W. Chen, and R. S. Tucker, “Polarization mode dispersion mitigation in coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed systems,” IEE Electron. Lett. 42,996 –997 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (2)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, and C. R. Davidsion, Margin measurements in optical amplifier system” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5,304 –306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, J. Kahn, D. Anthon, and J. Hutchins, “Linewidth measurements of MEMS-based tunable lasers for phase-locking applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2029 –2031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, and J. Evans, “Optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2484 –2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Lu, M. Cheung, L. Chen, and C. Chan, “Simultaneous PMD and OSNR monitoring by enhanced RF spectral dip analysis assisted with a local large-DGD element,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,2790 –2792 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Fu and R. Q. Hui, “Fiber chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17,1561–1563 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Luo, Z. Pan, S. Nezam, L. Yan, A. Sahin, and A. Willner,“ PMD mon?toring by tracking the chromatic-dispersion-insensitive RF power of the vestigial sideband,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16,2177 –2179 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun (1)

Y. Li, L. J. Cimini, and N. R. Sollenberger, “Robust channel estimation for OFDM systems with rapid dispersive fading channels” IEEE Trans. Commun., 46,902–915 (1998).
[CrossRef]

in OFC 2000 (1)

S. K. Shin, K. J. Park, and Y. C. Chung, “A novel optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring technique for WDM networks,” in OFC 2000 2, Mar. 7–10,182–184 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol (1)

Z. Li and G. Li, “Chromatic dispersion and polarization-mode dispersion monitoring for RZ-DPSK signals based on asynchronous amplitude-histogram evaluation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24,2859 –2866 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave. Technol (1)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave. Technol 22,294–304 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Photon (1)

J. D. Berger and D. Anthon, “Tunable MEMS devices for optical networks” Opt. Photon. News 14,43–49 (2003).

Other (5)

F. Buchali, “Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission,” Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWR5, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

S. Hara and R. Prasa, Multicarrier techniques for 4G Mobile Communications, (Artech House, Boston, 2003).

J. Proakis, Digital Communications, (WCB/McGraw-Hill, New York, 3rd ed.), Chap. 5.

S. Dods, D. Hewitt, P. Farrell, and K. Hinton, “A novel broadband asynchronous histogram technique for optical performance monitoring,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OThH2, Anaheim, California (March 2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, D. Kilper, L. Moller, and R. Ryf, “Orthogonal polarization heterodyne OSNR monitoring technique insensitive to polarization effects,” Tech. Dig., Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper PDP10, Anaheim, California (March 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Time and Frequency representations of an OFDM signal

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Performance of CD monitoring through channel estimation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The monitored system Q and OSNR as a function of input OSNR

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

c ki ' = e j ( ϕ i ) c ki e j Φ D ( k ) + n ki
Φ D ( k ) = ϕ 0 + 2 πτ 0 f k + π c f LD 1 2 D t f k 2
ϕ i = 0.5 mod ( 2 * arg ( c ki ) , 2 π ) k
c ki p = e j Φ D ( f k ) c ki + n ki p
Φ D ( f k ) = arg ( c ki p ) arg ( c ki ) i
BER = 0.5 erfc ( 2 ESNR )
ESNR = c ki i 2 / δ k 2 k
Q = 10 log 10 ( 2 ∙ESNR )
1 ESNR = A 1 OSNR + B
BER = 0.5 erfc 2 2 OSNR B 0 R
Q = 10 log 10 4 OSNR B 0 R
ESNR = 2 OSNR B 0 R

Metrics