Abstract

Performance of chaotic communication in radio-over-fiber (ROF) transmission based on optoelectronic feedback semiconductor lasers is studied numerically. The chaotic carrier is generated by optoelectronic feedback semiconductor lasers, where chaotic communication is realized by synchronizing a receiver laser with a transmitter laser. Transmission quality of different message encoding schemes, including additive chaos modulation (ACM) and on-off shift keying (OOSK), are investigated and compared. In this study, the dispersion and nonlinearity effects in the fiber transmission module and the amplified spontaneous emission noise from the optical amplifiers are considered. In the wireless channel, effects of additive white Gaussian noise, multipath, and path loss are included. To quantitatively study the performance of this chaotic communication system in the ROF transmission, bit-error-rates (BER) of different transmission lengths, message bit-rates, and signal-to-noise ratios are studied. The optimal launched power and message strength that minimize the BER while assuring effective communication security are discussed. While the ACM scheme is shown to perform better in a fiber only configuration, the OOSK scheme shows better immunity to the random effects and waveform distortions presented in the wireless channel.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser subject to optoelectronic feedback," Opt. Commun. 221,173-180 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, "Dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser," Opt. Commun. 183,173-180 (2003).
  3. T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Mukai and K. Otsuka, "New route to optical chaos: successive-subharmonic-oscillation cascade in a semiconductor laser coupled to an external cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,1711-1714 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Mork, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, "Chaos in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93-108 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,562-568 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed opto-electronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,329-336 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3128-3120 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, and S. Tang, "Synchronized chaotic optical communications at high bit rates," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1184-1196 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1141-1154 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Kanakidis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Performance characterization of high-bit-rate optical chaotic communication systems in a back-to-back configuration," J. of Lightwave Technol. 21,750-758 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaos synchronization in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,708-715 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. M. Liu and T. B. Simpson, "Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,957-965 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. V. Sinkin, R. Holzlohner, J. Zweck, and C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communication systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 21,61-68 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Wei and C. Schlegel, "Synchronization requirements for multi-user OFDM on satellitemobile and two-path Rayleigh fading channels," IEEE Trans. on Commun. 43,887-895 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (6)

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaos synchronization in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,708-715 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser subject to optoelectronic feedback," Opt. Commun. 221,173-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, "Dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser," Opt. Commun. 183,173-180 (2003).

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,562-568 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Kanakidis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Performance characterization of high-bit-rate optical chaotic communication systems in a back-to-back configuration," J. of Lightwave Technol. 21,750-758 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Sinkin, R. Holzlohner, J. Zweck, and C. R. Menyuk, "Optimization of the split-step Fourier method in modeling optical-fiber communication systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 21,61-68 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3128-3120 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, and S. Tang, "Synchronized chaotic optical communications at high bit rates," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1184-1196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1141-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed opto-electronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,329-336 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Wei and C. Schlegel, "Synchronization requirements for multi-user OFDM on satellitemobile and two-path Rayleigh fading channels," IEEE Trans. on Commun. 43,887-895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu and T. B. Simpson, "Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,957-965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. Mork, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, "Chaos in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93-108 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

T. Mukai and K. Otsuka, "New route to optical chaos: successive-subharmonic-oscillation cascade in a semiconductor laser coupled to an external cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,1711-1714 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abarbanel, H. D. I.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Aida, T.

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Alsing, P. M.

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Annovazzi-Lodi, V.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyris, A.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Kanakidis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Performance characterization of high-bit-rate optical chaotic communication systems in a back-to-back configuration," J. of Lightwave Technol. 21,750-758 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. F.

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, and S. Tang, "Synchronized chaotic optical communications at high bit rates," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1184-1196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Colet, P.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, P.

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, I.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Ojalvo, J.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gastaud, N.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gavrielides, A.

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goedgebuer, J. P.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holzlohner, R.

Hwang, S. K.

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, "Dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser," Opt. Commun. 183,173-180 (2003).

Illing, L.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kanakidis, D.

D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Kanakidis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Performance characterization of high-bit-rate optical chaotic communication systems in a back-to-back configuration," J. of Lightwave Technol. 21,750-758 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kennel, M. B.

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Larger, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, F. Y.

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,562-568 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser subject to optoelectronic feedback," Opt. Commun. 221,173-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3128-3120 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser subject to optoelectronic feedback," Opt. Commun. 221,173-180 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,562-568 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaos synchronization in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,708-715 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Hwang and J. M. Liu, "Dynamical characteristics of an optically injected semiconductor laser," Opt. Commun. 183,173-180 (2003).

F. Y. Lin and J. M. Liu, "Harmonic frequency locking in a semiconductor laser with delayed negative optoelectronic feedback," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3128-3120 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, and S. Tang, "Synchronized chaotic optical communications at high bit rates," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1184-1196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed opto-electronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,329-336 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. D. I. Abarbanel, M. B. Kennel, L. Illing, S. Tang, H. F. Chen, and J. M. Liu, "Synchronization and communication using semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37,1301-1311 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu and T. B. Simpson, "Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,957-965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, H. F. Chen, J. M. Liu, P. Davis, and T. Aida, "Communication using synchronization of optical-feedbackinduced chaos in semiconductor lasers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I 48,1484-1490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Malassenet, F.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

J. Mork, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, "Chaos in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93-108 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Merolla, J. M.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mirasso, C. R.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mork, J.

J. Mork, B. Tromborg, and J. Mark, "Chaos in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 93-108 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

T. Mukai and K. Otsuka, "New route to optical chaos: successive-subharmonic-oscillation cascade in a semiconductor laser coupled to an external cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,1711-1714 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohtsubo, J.

J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos synchronization and chaotic signal masking in semiconductor lasers with optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1141-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

T. Mukai and K. Otsuka, "New route to optical chaos: successive-subharmonic-oscillation cascade in a semiconductor laser coupled to an external cavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55,1711-1714 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pesquera, L.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poinsot, S.

N. Gastaud, S. Poinsot, L. Larger, J. M. Merolla, M. Hanna, J. P. Goedgebuer and F. Malassenet, "Electro-optical chaos for multi-10 Gbit/s optical transmissions" Electron. Lett. 40, (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schlegel, C.

L. Wei and C. Schlegel, "Synchronization requirements for multi-user OFDM on satellitemobile and two-path Rayleigh fading channels," IEEE Trans. on Commun. 43,887-895 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simpson, T. B.

T. B. Simpson and J. M. Liu, A. Gavrielides, V. Kovanis, P. M. Alsing, "Period-doubling route to chaos in a semiconductor laser subject to optical injection," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,3539-3541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu and T. B. Simpson, "Four-wave mixing and optical modulation in a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30,957-965 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sinkin, V.

Syvridis, D.

A. Argyris, D. Syvridis, L. Larger, V. Annovazzi-Lodi, P. Colet, I. Fischer, J. Garcia-Ojalvo, C. R. Mirasso, L. Pesquera, and K. A. Shore, "Chaos-based communications at high bit rates using commercial fibre-optic links," Nature 438,343-346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kanakidis, A. Bogris, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Numerical investigation of fiber transmission of a chaotic encrypted message using dispersion compensation schemes," J. of Lightwave Technol. 22,2256-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Kanakidis, A. Argyris, and D. Syvridis, "Performance characterization of high-bit-rate optical chaotic communication systems in a back-to-back configuration," J. of Lightwave Technol. 21,750-758 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S.

S. Tang and J. M. Liu, "Chaos synchronization in semiconductor lasers with optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39,708-715 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Liu, H. F. Chen, and S. Tang, "Synchronized chaotic optical communications at high bit rates," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38,1184-1196 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the chaotic communication in ROF system based on optoelectronic feedback semiconductor lasers. Dashed and solid lines indicate electronic and optic paths, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) BER of different initial launched powers and (b) Q of different normalized message strengths for the ACM and OOSK schemes, respectively. The length of the fiber is 50 km.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Decoded messages of the ACM and OOSK schemes after propagating over fiber with lengths of (a) 0 (back-to-back), (b) 50 km, and (c) 250 km, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER of the ACM and OOSK schemes with different (a) fiber lengths and (b) message bit-rates, respectively. The fiber length in (b) is 50 km.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Message recovery performances of the ACM (solid-circle) and OOSK (opened-circle) schemes for different levels of parameter mismatch with a message bit-rate of 1 Gbps and a fiber length of 50 km. The parameter mismatch between the receiver laser and the transmitter laser is normalized to the parameter of the transmitter laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Decoded messages of the ACM and OOSK schemes in ROF after propagating over wireless channel and fiber with lengths of (a) encoded message for reference, (b) 50 km, and (c) 150 km, respectively.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER of the ACM and OOSK schemes in ROF with different fiber lengths and message bit-rates, where (a) without and (b) with multipath effect.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Performance of the ACM and OOSK schemes in ROF with different SNR for fiber length of 50 km, where (a) without and (b) with multipath effect.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

da t , r dt = 1 2 [ γ c γ n γ s J ˜ t , r n ˜ t , r γ p ( 2 a t , r + a t , r 2 ) ] ( 1 + a t , r )
t , r dt = b 2 [ γ c γ n γ s J ˜ t , r n ˜ t , r γ p ( 2 a t , r + a t , r 2 ) ]
d n ˜ t , r dt = γ s n ˜ t , r γ n ( 1 + a t , r ) 2 n ˜ t , r γ s J ˜ ( 2 a t , r + a t , r 2 ) + γ s γ p γ c J ˜ t , r ( 2 a t , r + a t , r 2 ) ( 1 + a t , r ) 2 + ξ t , r γ s + ( J ˜ t , r + 1 ) ( 1 + 2 a t ( t τ t , r ) + a t ( t τ t , r ) 2 )
j A z = j 2 αA γ A 2 A + 1 2 β 2 2 A T 2 + 1 6 β 3 3 A T 3
s r = r exp [ j ( ω 0 t + θ ) ]
p ( r ) = { r σ r 2 exp ( r 2 2 σ r 2 ) r 0 0 otherwise

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