Abstract

An important measuring technique under study for the DARWIN planet finding mission, is nulling interferometry, enabling the detection of the weak infrared emission lines of an orbiting planet. This technique requires a perfect wavefront of the light beams to be combined in the interferometer. By using a single mode waveguide before detection, wavefront errors are filtered and a virtually perfect plane wavefront is obtained. In this paper the results on the development and the optical characterisation of suitable infrared transmitting chalcogenide glasses and mid-IR guiding optical fibers are reported. Two different preform techniques for manufacturing core-cladding chalcogenide fibers are described. Two types of step index fibers, prepared with Te2As3Se5 chalcogenide glasses, offer single mode guidance at 10.6 µm.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  5. C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  10. L. N. Butvina, O. V. Sereda, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, and V. N. Zagorodnev, “Single-mode microstructured optical fiber for the middle infrared,” Opt. Lett. 32, 334–336 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  26. L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).
  28. D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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  32. C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  33. L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (5)

J. C. Flanagan, D. J. Richardson, M. J. Foster, and I. Bakalski, “Microstructured fibers for broadband wavefront filtering in the mid-IR,” Opt. Express 14, 11773–11786 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Butvina, O. V. Sereda, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, and V. N. Zagorodnev, “Single-mode microstructured optical fiber for the middle infrared,” Opt. Lett. 32, 334–336 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

FloreaC.BashkanskyM.DuttonZ.SangheraJ.PurezaP.Aggarwal I. “Stimulated Brilloiun scattering in single mode As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 12063–12070 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

2005 (4)

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

P. A. Van Nijnatten, “Accurate measurement of absorption spectra and refractive index of glass by spectrophotometry,” Glastech.Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. 77C, 136–148 (2004).

B. Z. Dekel and A. Katzir “Graded index silver chlorobromide fibers for mid-infrared,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3343–3348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

P. A. Thielen, L. B. Shaw, P. C. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Small-core As-Se fiber for Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1406–1408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. B. Harbison, C. I. Merzbacher, and I. D. Aggarwal “Preparation and properties of BaS-Ga2S3-GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213& 214, 16–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978 (3)

L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Bracewell, “Detecting nonsolar planets by spinning infrared interferometer,” Nature 274, 780–781 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. R. P. Angel, A. Y. S. Cheng, and N. J. Woolf, “A space telescope for infrared spectroscopy of earth-like planets,” Nature 322, 341–434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Bureau and J. L. AdamG Meyer, D Nauman, and L Weseman, eds.,Non- oxide optical glasses: properties, structures and applicationsInorg. Chem. Highlights (Wiley-VCH, Weiheim2005) Vol. 2, pp. 365–392.

Adam, J.-L.

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

Aggarwal, I. D.

P. A. Thielen, L. B. Shaw, P. C. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, J. S. Sanghera, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Small-core As-Se fiber for Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1406–1408 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. B. Harbison, C. I. Merzbacher, and I. D. Aggarwal “Preparation and properties of BaS-Ga2S3-GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213& 214, 16–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aio, L. G.

L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Angel, J. R. P.

J. R. P. Angel, A. Y. S. Cheng, and N. J. Woolf, “A space telescope for infrared spectroscopy of earth-like planets,” Nature 322, 341–434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Artjushenko, V.

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

Bakalski, I.

Bonhomme, E.

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boussard-Pledel, C.

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

Boussard-Plédel, C.

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bracewell, R. N.

R. N. Bracewell, “Detecting nonsolar planets by spinning infrared interferometer,” Nature 274, 780–781 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Broquin, J. E.

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Bureau, B.

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

B. Bureau and J. L. AdamG Meyer, D Nauman, and L Weseman, eds.,Non- oxide optical glasses: properties, structures and applicationsInorg. Chem. Highlights (Wiley-VCH, Weiheim2005) Vol. 2, pp. 365–392.

Butvina, L. N.

Carmo, J. Pereira do

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, A. Y. S.

J. R. P. Angel, A. Y. S. Cheng, and N. J. Woolf, “A space telescope for infrared spectroscopy of earth-like planets,” Nature 322, 341–434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

Churbanov, M. F.

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

Coq, D. Le

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

Couderc, V.

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Danto, S.

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dekel, B. Z.

Dianov, E. M.

L. N. Butvina, O. V. Sereda, E. M. Dianov, N. V. Lichkova, and V. N. Zagorodnev, “Single-mode microstructured optical fiber for the middle infrared,” Opt. Lett. 32, 334–336 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

Efimov, A. M.

L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Elliot, S. R.

S. R. ElliotR. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E. J. Kramer, and J. Zarsiky, eds.,Chalcogenide GlassesMaterials Science and Technology (Wiley-VCH, New York1991) Vol. 9, pp. 377–448.

Faber, A. J.

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flanagan, J. C.

Flatscher, R.

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

Fonteneau, G.

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. J.

Gielesen, W.

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gielesen, W. L. M.

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

Grossard, L.

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Harbison, B. B.

B. B. Harbison, C. I. Merzbacher, and I. D. Aggarwal “Preparation and properties of BaS-Ga2S3-GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213& 214, 16–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hocdé, S.

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Houizot, P.

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

Howard, R. E.

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Jouan, T.

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Katzir, A.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Z. Dekel and A. Katzir “Graded index silver chlorobromide fibers for mid-infrared,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3343–3348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kern, P.

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Kirshner, V.

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Kokorina, V. F.

L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Labadie, L.

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Labeye, P.

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Lichkova, N. V.

Lucas, J

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. LucasR. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E. J. Kramer, and J. Zarsiky, eds.,Halide glassesMaterials Sciences and Technology (Wiley-VCH, New York1991), Vol. 9, pp. 457–488.

Lucas, P.

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

Ma, H. L.

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Macedo, P. B.

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Maklad, M. S.

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Merzbacher, C. I.

B. B. Harbison, C. I. Merzbacher, and I. D. Aggarwal “Preparation and properties of BaS-Ga2S3-GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213& 214, 16–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Millo, A.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyashita, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mohr, R. K.

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Moynihan, C. T.

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nagli, L.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

Nijnatten, P. A. Van

P. A. Van Nijnatten, “Accurate measurement of absorption spectra and refractive index of glass by spectrophotometry,” Glastech.Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. 77C, 136–148 (2004).

Noel, P.

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Pain, T.

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

Pradel, A.

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pureza, P. C.

Rave, E.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Riley, M.

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

Ruilier, C.

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Saguet, P.

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Sanghera, J. S.

Scripachev, I. V.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

Sereda, O. V.

Shalem, S.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

Shiryaev, V. S.

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

Smektala, F

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Snopatin, G. E.

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

Takahashi, S.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Terunuma, Y.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Thielen, P. A.

Troles, J.

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsun, A.

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vigreux-Bercovici, C

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wallner, O.

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

Weast, R. C.

R. C. Weast, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 56th edition, (CRC Press, 1975).

Wilhelm, A.

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

Woolf, N. J.

J. R. P. Angel, A. Y. S. Cheng, and N. J. Woolf, “A space telescope for infrared spectroscopy of earth-like planets,” Nature 322, 341–434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zagorodnev, V. N.

Zhang, X. H.

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X-H

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Danto, P. Houizot, C. Boussard-Pledel, X-H Zhang, F Smektala, and J Lucas “A family of far-infrared transmitting glasses in the Ga-Ge-Te system for space applications,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1847–1852 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Shalem, A. Tsun, E. Rave, A. Millo, L. Nagli, and A. Katzir, “Silver halide single mode fibers for the middle infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 091103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C Vigreux-Bercovici, E. Bonhomme, A. Pradel, J. E. Broquin, L. Labadie, and P. Kern, “Transmission measurement at 10.6 µm of Te2As3Se5 rib waveguides on As2S3 substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 1–3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol. (1)

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Pledel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J.-L. Adam, “A new method of preform elaboration for chalcogenide fibers,” Glass Technol. 44, 132 (2003).

Glastech.Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. (1)

P. A. Van Nijnatten, “Accurate measurement of absorption spectra and refractive index of glass by spectrophotometry,” Glastech.Ber. Glass Sci. Technol. 77C, 136–148 (2004).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

C. T. Moynihan, P. B. Macedo, M. S. Maklad, R. K. Mohr, and R. E. Howard “Intrinsic and impurity infrared absorption in diarsenic triselenide glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 17, 369–38 (1975).
[CrossRef]

L. G. Aio, A. M. Efimov, and V. F. Kokorina, “Refractive index of chalcogenide glasses over a wide range of compositions,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 27, 299–307 (1978).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Harbison, C. I. Merzbacher, and I. D. Aggarwal “Preparation and properties of BaS-Ga2S3-GeS2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213& 214, 16–21 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. of Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita “Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission,” J. of Lightwave Technol. 2, 607–613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Adv. Mat. (1)

M. F. Churbanov, I. V. Scripachev, G. E. Snopatin, V. S. Shiryaev, and V. G. Plotnichenko “High purity glasses based on arsenic chalcogenides,” J. Opt. Adv. Mat. 3, 341–349 (2001).

J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. (1)

V. S. Shiryaev, M. F. Churbanov, E. M. Dianov, V. G. Plotnichenko, J. L. Adam, and J. Lucas, “Recent progress in preparation of chalcogenide As-Se-Te glasses with low impurity content,” J. Opt. and Adv. Mat. 7, 1773–1779 (2005).

Mat. Res. Bull. (2)

X. H. Zhang, H. L. Ma, J. L. Adam, J. Lucas, G. Chen, and D. Zhao, “Thermal and optical properties of the Ga-Ge-Sb-Se glasses,” Mat. Res. Bull. 40, 1816–1821 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Le Coq, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, T. Pain, B. Bureau, and J. L. Adam “Chalcogenide double index fibers: fabrication, design and applications as chemical sensor,” Mat. Res. Bull. 38, 1745–1754 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mat. Sci. and Eng. B (1)

V. S. Shiryaev, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, T. Jouan, J.-L. Adam, and J. Lucas “Single-mode infrared fibers based on TeAsSe glass system,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. B 127, 2–3, 138–143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

R. N. Bracewell, “Detecting nonsolar planets by spinning infrared interferometer,” Nature 274, 780–781 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. R. P. Angel, A. Y. S. Cheng, and N. J. Woolf, “A space telescope for infrared spectroscopy of earth-like planets,” Nature 322, 341–434 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mat. (1)

P. Houizot, F. Smektala, V. Couderc, J. Troles, and L. Grossard, “Selenide glass single mode optical for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Mat. 29, 651–656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc SPIE (2)

A. Wilhelm, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Lucas, M. Riley, B. Bureau, and J Lucas “New tellurium based glasses for use in bio-sensing applications,” Proc SPIE 6433, 1–8 (2007).

P. Labeye, J. E. Broquin, P. Kern, P. Noel, P. Saguet, L. Labadie, C. Ruilier, and V. Kirshner, “Infrared single-mode hollow conductive waveguides for stellar interferometry,” Proc SPIE 6123, 1–9 (2006).

Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC (2)

R. Flatscher, O. Wallner, V. Artjushenko, and J. Pereira do Carmo, “Manufacturing of Chalcogenide and Silver-Halide Single-Mode Fibres for Modal Wavefront Filtering for Darwin,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

A. J. Faber, L. K. Cheng, W. L. M. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, S. Danto, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Single Mode Chalcogenide Glass Fiber as Wavefront Filter for the Darwin Planet Finding Mission,” Proc. ‘6th Internat. Conf. on Space Optics’ ESTEC, 27–30 (2006).

Proc. SPIE (2)

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, C. Boussard-Pledel, P. Houizot, J. Lucas, and J. Pereira Do Carmo “Test results of the infrared single-mode fiber for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 5905, 59051F (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, A. J. Faber, W. Gielesen, J. Lucas, C. Boussard-Plédel, P. Houizot, and J. Pereira do Carmo “Development of broadband infrared single-mode fibers for the DARWIN mission,” Proc. SPIE 6268, 62682F (2006).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Sci. (1)

S. Hocdé, C. Boussard-Plédel, G. Fonteneau, and J. Lucas “Chalcogens based glasses for IR fiber chemical sensors,” Solid State Sci. 3, 279–284 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. C. Weast, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 56th edition, (CRC Press, 1975).

J. LucasR. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E. J. Kramer, and J. Zarsiky, eds.,Halide glassesMaterials Sciences and Technology (Wiley-VCH, New York1991), Vol. 9, pp. 457–488.

B. Bureau and J. L. AdamG Meyer, D Nauman, and L Weseman, eds.,Non- oxide optical glasses: properties, structures and applicationsInorg. Chem. Highlights (Wiley-VCH, Weiheim2005) Vol. 2, pp. 365–392.

S. R. ElliotR. W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E. J. Kramer, and J. Zarsiky, eds.,Chalcogenide GlassesMaterials Science and Technology (Wiley-VCH, New York1991) Vol. 9, pp. 377–448.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption spectra of Te20As30Se50 glass samples prepared with and without using the ultra purification method of raw materials. Measurements were carried out with samples with a thickness equal to 5 mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral refractive index of three different Te-As-Se glass compositions. The lines have been obtained by fitting the raw data with Eq. (4). The triangles mark the literature values of glass of the same composition as our Te20As30Se50 glass [33].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Representation in 2D and 3D of far field intensity distribution of TAS single mode fiber sample of 23 cm long, coated with an absorbing Ga-layer.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Far-field intensity distribution at 10.6 µm measured at a distance of about 10mm from a 36 cm Gallium coated TAS fiber prepared by RTVM.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated MFD of the Short wavelength fiber as a function of the wavelength (line crossing square markers). The dashed line presents the desired linear relation between the MFD and the wavelength for optimized coupling around 8 µm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Technical requirements of ESA for the single mode waveguide for the DARWIN wavefront filter.

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Table 2. geometrical and optical characteristics of the manufactured TAS glass single mode fiber.

Equations (3)

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n ( λ ) n air = 1 + R ( λ ) 1 R ( λ )
n 2 ( λ ) = C + i = 1 3 A i λ 2 λ 2 λ i 2
V = 2 π ρ λ n core 2 n clad 2

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