Abstract

A unique optical fibre design is presented in this work: a laterally accessible microstructured optical fibre, in which one of the cladding holes is open to the surrounding environment and the waveguide core exposed over long lengths of fibre. Such a fibre offers the opportunity of real-time chemical sensing and biosensing not previously possible with conventional microstructured optical fibres, as well as the ability to functionalize the core of the fibre without interference from the cladding. The fabrication of such a fibre using PMMA is presented, as well as experimental results demonstrating the use of the fibre as a evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy pH sensor using the indicator Bromothymol Blue.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006 (2)

2005 (2)

2004 (5)

T. Ritari, J. Tuominen, H. Ludvigsen, J. C. Petersen, H. Sorensen, T. P. Hansen, and H. R. Simonsen, "Gas sensing using air-guiding photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 17, 4080-4087 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, "Microstructure fibers for optical sensing in gases and liquids," Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 1120-1128 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, P. E. Hoiby, L. B. Nielsen, T. P. Hansen, J. R. Folkenberg, J. Riishede, D. Noordegraaf, K. Nielsen, A. Carlsen, and A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fiber based evanescent wave sensor for detection of biomolecules in aqueous solution," Opt. Lett. 29, 1974-1976 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, J. Zagari, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres," Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325-335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J. Knight, T. Birks, F. Biancalana, P. Russell, "Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 12, 299-309 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

Z. Qi, N. Matsuda, J. Santos, K. Itoh, A. Takatsu, K. Kenjo, "A Study of molecular adsorption of Bromothymol Blue by Optical Waveguide Spectroscopy," Langmuir 19, 214-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Hoo, W. Jin, C. Shi, H. L. Ho, D. N. Wang, and S.C. Ruan, "Design and modeling of a photonic crystal fiber gas sensor," Appl. Opt. 42, 3509-3515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

Y. L. Hoo, W. Jin, H. L. Ho, D. N. Wang, R. S. Windeler, "Evanescent-wave gas sensing using microstructure fiber," Opt. Eng. 41, 8-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkeleborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. DeSterke, N. A. P. Nicorovici, "Microstructured polymer optical fibre," Opt. Express 9, 319-327 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 23, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allen, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, A. McGhee, "Evanescent wave methane detection using optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 28, 2232-2234 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (2)

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, A. McGhee, "Evanescent wave methane detection using optical fibers," Electron. Lett. 28, 2232-2234 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, Y. D. West, D. W. Hewak, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Chalcogenide holey fibres," Electron. Lett. 23, 1998-2000 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

Z. Qi, N. Matsuda, J. Santos, K. Itoh, A. Takatsu, K. Kenjo, "A Study of molecular adsorption of Bromothymol Blue by Optical Waveguide Spectroscopy," Langmuir 19, 214-217 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

J. M. Fini, "Microstructure fibers for optical sensing in gases and liquids," Meas. Sci. Technol. 5, 1120-1128 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Monro, W. Belardi, K. Furusawa, J. C. Baggett, N. G. R. Broderick, D. J. Richardson, "Sensing with microstructured optical fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 854-858 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. L. Hoo, W. Jin, H. L. Ho, D. N. Wang, R. S. Windeler, "Evanescent-wave gas sensing using microstructure fiber," Opt. Eng. 41, 8-9 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, J. Zagari, "Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres," Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325-335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allen, "Single-mode photonic bandgap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

Z. M. Hale, F. P. Payne, "A tapered single-mode optical fibre as an intrinsic pH sensor," in Proceedings of IEE Colloquium on Fiber Optics Sensor Technology Digest number 128 (Institute of Electrical Engineers, London, 1992) 81-84.

H.  Lehmann, S.  Brückner, J.  Kobelke, G.  Schwotzer, K.  Schuster, and R.  Willsch, "Toward photonic crystal fiber based distributed chemosensors," 17th International Conference on Optical Fibre Sensors, SPIE 5855, 419-422 (2005).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Slotted microstructured polymer optical fibres (mPOF); a) 3-hole design and b) 5-hole design. In each case the fibre diameter is approximately 140µm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Slotted mPOF with varying slot sizes. The slots were formed by drilling 1.0 mm, 1.6 mm and 2.5 mm holes into the intermediate preform or cane.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized absorption spectra through a slotted fibre in acidic and basic solution of BTB.

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