Abstract

We demonstrate a novel scheme to generate multiple wavelengths in the L-band using a Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser. Our scheme utilizes extraneous amplified spontaneous emission in the C-band as a secondary pump source for a passive Erbium-doped fiber gain section along the cavity. The Brillouin gain medium is generated by the 6.7 km long of single mode fiber (SMF-28). We experimentally demonstrate that a total of 28 stable output channels with a spacing of 0.089 nm can be generated using our new scheme. This represents a 33% increase in the number of wavelengths generated compared with conventional schemes.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80 nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fiber amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, "Bidirectional 10 GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796-798 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. S. Kim, "Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 673-674 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, "Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 2406-2407 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. F. Massicott, R. Wyatt, and B. J. Ainslie, "Low noise operation of Er3+ doped silica fibre amplifier around 1.6 μm," Electron. Lett. 28, 1924-1925 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Nilsson, S. Y. Sun, S. T. Hwang, J. M. Kim, and S. J. Kim, "Long-wavelength erbium-doped fiber amplifier gain enhanced by ASE end-reflectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1551-1553 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Lee, U-C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for a L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhanced L-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier utilizing unwanted backward ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1067-1069 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. H. Lee, U-C. Ryu, and N. Park, "Passive erbium-doped fiber seed photon generator for high-power Er3+-doped fiber fluorescent sources with an 80-nm bandwidth," Opt. Lett. 24, 279-281 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: Principles and applications (New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1994).
  15. A. E. Siegmen, Lasers (University Science Books, Sausalito, 1986).

2007 (1)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhanced L-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier utilizing unwanted backward ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1067-1069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

J. H. Lee, U-C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for a L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, U-C. Ryu, and N. Park, "Passive erbium-doped fiber seed photon generator for high-power Er3+-doped fiber fluorescent sources with an 80-nm bandwidth," Opt. Lett. 24, 279-281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

J. Nilsson, S. Y. Sun, S. T. Hwang, J. M. Kim, and S. J. Kim, "Long-wavelength erbium-doped fiber amplifier gain enhanced by ASE end-reflectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1551-1553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, "Bidirectional 10 GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796-798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Kim, "Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 673-674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, "Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 2406-2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80 nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fiber amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. F. Massicott, R. Wyatt, and B. J. Ainslie, "Low noise operation of Er3+ doped silica fibre amplifier around 1.6 μm," Electron. Lett. 28, 1924-1925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

N. S. Kim, "Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 673-674 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, K. H. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, D. I. Chang, and M. Y. Jeon, "Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers," Electron. Lett. 34, 2406-2407 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Massicott, R. Wyatt, and B. J. Ainslie, "Low noise operation of Er3+ doped silica fibre amplifier around 1.6 μm," Electron. Lett. 28, 1924-1925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, J. W. Sulhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "80 nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fiber amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fibre lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita and G. J. Cowle, "Bidirectional 10 GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796-798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsson, S. Y. Sun, S. T. Hwang, J. M. Kim, and S. J. Kim, "Long-wavelength erbium-doped fiber amplifier gain enhanced by ASE end-reflectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1551-1553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, U-C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for a L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Mahdi and H. Ahmad, "Gain enhanced L-band Er3+-doped fiber amplifier utilizing unwanted backward ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1067-1069 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. W. Naji, S. J. Iqbal, M. K. Abdullah and M. A. Mahdi, "L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with 1480 nm pumping scheme in a linear cavity," Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 371-375 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. W. Harun, N. Tamchek, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, "Efficient multiwavelength generation of Brillouin/erbium fiber laser at 1600-nm region," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 35, 506-508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-line of Brillouin-Erbium fiber utilizing Fabry Perot cavity in L-band," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: Principles and applications (New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1994).

A. E. Siegmen, Lasers (University Science Books, Sausalito, 1986).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of a linear cavity multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium comb fiber laser (BEFL Configuration-A). For the BEFL Configuration-B, the passive EDF of 4.5 m long is inserted between point X and Y.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Number of output lines generated against 1480 nm pump power for both configurations of BEFL, BP power and wavelength are set at 1.1 mW and 1603.1 nm respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output spectrum from both BEFL configurations at pump power of 73 mW, BP power and wavelength are set at 1.1 mW and 1603.1 nm respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectrum from both BEFL configurations at pump power of 86 mW, BP power and wavelength are set at 1.1 mW and 1603.1 nm respectively.

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