Abstract

Ultra-small modulator and demodulator for 10 Gb/s differential phase-shift-keying (DPSK), using silicon-based microrings, are proposed. A single-waveguide microring modulator with over-coupling between ring and waveguide generates a DPSK signal, while a double-waveguide microring filter enables balanced DPSK detection. These modulator and demodulator are characterized. A trade-off between pattern dependence of the Duobinary signal and alternate-mark inversion signal power in demodulator design is discussed. Power penalty of the proposed approach is 0.8 dB relative to baseline using conventional modulation and demodulation techniques.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. H. Gnauck, and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, "High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263-265 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Ciaramella, G. Contestabile, and A. D'Errico, "A novel scheme to detect optical DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2138-2140 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Lyubomirsky and C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Christen, Y. K. Lize, S. Nuccio, J.-Y Yang, S. Poorya, A. E. Willner, L. Paraschis, "Fiber Bragg grating balanced DPSK demodulation," in Proceedings of IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting 2006 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Montreal, Canada, 2006), pp. 563-564.
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  7. C. A. Barrios and M. Lipson, "Modeling and analysis of high-speed electro-optic modulation in high confinement silicon waveguides using metal-oxide-semiconductor configuration," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6008-6015 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "CMOS compatible high-speed electro-optical modulator," Proc. SPIE 5926, 59260 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Stapleton, S. Farrell, H. Akhavan, R. Shafiiha, Z. Peng, S.-J. Choi, J. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and W. Marshall, "Optical phase characterization of active semiconductor microdisk resonators in transmission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

A. Stapleton, S. Farrell, H. Akhavan, R. Shafiiha, Z. Peng, S.-J. Choi, J. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and W. Marshall, "Optical phase characterization of active semiconductor microdisk resonators in transmission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barrios, "Electrooptic modulation of multisilicon-on-insulator photonic wires," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2146-2155 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

A. H. Gnauck, and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "CMOS compatible high-speed electro-optical modulator," Proc. SPIE 5926, 59260 (2005).

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Lyubomirsky and C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

E. Ciaramella, G. Contestabile, and A. D'Errico, "A novel scheme to detect optical DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2138-2140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, "Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726-730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barrios and M. Lipson, "Modeling and analysis of high-speed electro-optic modulation in high confinement silicon waveguides using metal-oxide-semiconductor configuration," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6008-6015 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, "Optical interconnects to silicon," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1312-1317 (2000).

1997 (1)

B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, H. A. Haus, J. Foresi, and J.-P. Laine, "Microring resonator channel dropping filters," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 998-1005 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, "High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263-265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Stapleton, S. Farrell, H. Akhavan, R. Shafiiha, Z. Peng, S.-J. Choi, J. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and W. Marshall, "Optical phase characterization of active semiconductor microdisk resonators in transmission," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 031106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. A. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123-129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Heebner, V. Wong, A. Schweinsberg, R. W. Boyd, and D. J. Jackson, "Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 726-730 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. B. Miller, "Optical interconnects to silicon," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1312-1317 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, "High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263-265 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Ciaramella, G. Contestabile, and A. D'Errico, "A novel scheme to detect optical DPSK signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2138-2140 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Lyubomirsky and C. Chien, "DPSK demodulator based on optical discriminator filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 492-494 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. A. Barrios and M. Lipson, "Modeling and analysis of high-speed electro-optic modulation in high confinement silicon waveguides using metal-oxide-semiconductor configuration," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 6008-6015 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. D. Kekatpure and M. L. Brongersma, "CMOS compatible high-speed electro-optical modulator," Proc. SPIE 5926, 59260 (2005).

Other (1)

L. Christen, Y. K. Lize, S. Nuccio, J.-Y Yang, S. Poorya, A. E. Willner, L. Paraschis, "Fiber Bragg grating balanced DPSK demodulation," in Proceedings of IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting 2006 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Montreal, Canada, 2006), pp. 563-564.

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