Abstract

The concept of photonic bandgap fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensor operating with low refractive index analytes is developed. Plasmon wave on the surface of a thin metal film embedded into a fiber microstructure is excited by a leaky Gaussian-like core mode of a fiber. We demonstrate that by judicious design of the photonic crystal reflector, the effective refractive index of the core mode can be made considerably smaller than that of the core material, thus enabling efficient phase matching with a plasmon, high sensitivity, and high coupling efficiency from an external Gaussian source, at any wavelength of choice from the visible to near-IR. To our knowledge, this is not achievable by any other traditional sensor design. Moreover, unlike the case of total internal reflection waveguide-based sensors, there is no limitation on the upper value of the waveguide core refractive index, therefore, any optical materials can be used in fabrication of photonic bandgap fiber-based sensors. Based on numerical simulations, we finally present designs using various types of photonic bandgap fibers, including solid and hollow core Bragg fibers, as well as honeycomb photonic crystal fibers. Amplitude and spectrum based methodologies for the detection of changes in the analyte refractive index are discussed. Furthermore, sensitivity enhancement of a degenerate double plasmon peak excitation is demonstrated for the case of a honeycomb fiber. Sensor resolutions in the range 7 • 10-6 −5 • 10-5 RIU were demonstrated for an aqueous analyte.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons - ElectromagneticWaves at Surfaces and Interfaces, (North- Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).
  2. E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Naturforschung A 23, 2135 (1968).
  3. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundstrom, "Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing," Sens. Actuators B 4, 299 (1983).
  4. J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, R. G. Woodbury, "A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing," Sens. Actuators B 35, 212 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L.M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, "Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance," Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).
  6. A. V. Kabashin and P. Nikitin, "Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors," Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. N. Grigorenko, P. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, "Phase jumps and interferometric surface plasmon resonance imaging," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. B. Vidal, R. Lopez, S. Aleggret, J. Alonso-Chamarro, I. Garces and J. Mateo, "Determination of probable alcohol yield in musts by means of an SPR optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 11, 455 (1993).
  9. R. Alonso, J. Subias, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, J. Tornos, "Single-mode, optical fiber sensors and tunable wavelength filters based on the resonant excitation of metal-clad modes," Appl. Opt. 33, 5197 (1994).
  10. J. Homola, "Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation," Sens. Actuators B 29, 401 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, "Single-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 41, 71 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Homola, R. Slavik, J. Ctyroky, "Intreaction between fiber modes and surface plasmon wave: spectral properties," Opt. Lett. 22, 1403 (1997).
  13. A. Diez, M. V. Andres, J. L. Cruz, "In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers," Sens. Actuators B 73, 95 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Monzon-Hernandez, J. Villatoro, D. Talavera, D. Luna-Moreno, "Optical-fiber surface-plasmon resonance sensor with multiple resonance peaks," Appl. Opt. 43, 1216 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Monzon-Hernandez and J. Villatoro, "High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor," Sens. Actuators B 115, 227 (2006).
  17. H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsuiand, J. Kondoh, "Fundamental characteristics of a dual-colour fibre optic SPR sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Ctyroky, F. Abdelmalek, W. Ecke, K. Usbeck, "Modelling of the surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor with Bragg grating," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 927 (1999).
  19. S.J. Al-Bader andM. Imtaar, "Optical fiber hybrid-surface plasmon polaritons," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 83 (1993).
  20. R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, "Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre," Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 227 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, P. V. Lambeck, S. Musa, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. D. Harris, J. S. Wilkinson, B. Usievich, and N. M. Lyndin "Theory and modelling of optical waveguide sensors utilising surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 54, 66 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Weisser, B. Menges, and S. Mittler-Neher, "Refractive index and thickness determination of monolayers by plasmons," Sens. Actuators B 56, 189 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, "Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study," Sens. Actuators B 107, 40 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. T. Kuhlmey, K. Pathmanandavel, and R. C. McPhedran, "Multipole analysis of photonic crystal fibers with coated inclusions," Opt. Express 14, 10851-10864 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, "Design of the microstructured optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensors with enhanced microfluidics," Opt. Express 14, 11616-11621 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Hassani, M. Skorobogatiy, "Design criteria for the Microstructured Optical Fiber-based Surface Plasmon Resonance sensors," accepted for publication in the J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, February (2007).
  28. M. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, "Plasmon excitation by the Gaussian-like core mode of a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 14, 8419 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. Skorobogatiy, A. Kabashin, "Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211641 (2006)
  30. C. P. Lavers and J.S. Wilkinson, "A waveguide-coupled surface-plasmon sensor for an aqueous environment," Sens. Actuators B 22, 75 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  31. R. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, "Waveguide surface plasmon resonance sensors," Sens. Actuators B 29, 261 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  32. M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Grogner, "Experimental investigation of a surface plasmon-based integratedoptic humidity sensor," Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, M. Skalky, J. Hradiliva, and P. Kolarova, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 39, 286 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, and J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  35. A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor," Sens. Actuators B 97, 114 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  36. Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, "Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication," J. Mat. Res. 21, 2246-2254 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  37. M. Skorobogatiy, "Efficient anti-guiding of TE and TM polarizations in low index core waveguides without the need of omnidirectional reflector," Opt. Lett. 30, 2991 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  38. T. D. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, "Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 11, 1175-1198 (2003)
  39. T. Murao, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Design of air-guiding modified honeycomb photonic band-gap fibers for effectively single mode operation," Opt. Express 14, 2404-2412 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  40. S. E. Barkou, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, "Silica-air photonic crystal fiber design that permits waveguiding by a true photonic bandgap effect," Opt. Lett. 24, 46-49 (1999).
  41. J. Homola, S. S. Yee and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Act. B 54, 3-15 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2006

D. Monzon-Hernandez and J. Villatoro, "High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor," Sens. Actuators B 115, 227 (2006).

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsuiand, J. Kondoh, "Fundamental characteristics of a dual-colour fibre optic SPR sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Kuhlmey, K. Pathmanandavel, and R. C. McPhedran, "Multipole analysis of photonic crystal fibers with coated inclusions," Opt. Express 14, 10851-10864 (2006)
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, "Design of the microstructured optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance sensors with enhanced microfluidics," Opt. Express 14, 11616-11621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Kabashin, "Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211641 (2006)

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, "Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication," J. Mat. Res. 21, 2246-2254 (2006)
[CrossRef]

T. Murao, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Design of air-guiding modified honeycomb photonic band-gap fibers for effectively single mode operation," Opt. Express 14, 2404-2412 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Skorobogatiy and A. Kabashin, "Plasmon excitation by the Gaussian-like core mode of a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 14, 8419 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Skorobogatiy, "Efficient anti-guiding of TE and TM polarizations in low index core waveguides without the need of omnidirectional reflector," Opt. Lett. 30, 2991 (2005)
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, "Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study," Sens. Actuators B 107, 40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor," Sens. Actuators B 97, 114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Monzon-Hernandez, J. Villatoro, D. Talavera, D. Luna-Moreno, "Optical-fiber surface-plasmon resonance sensor with multiple resonance peaks," Appl. Opt. 43, 1216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. D. Engeness, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, O. Weisberg, M. Skorobogatiy, S. Jacobs, and Y. Fink, "Dispersion tailoring and compensation by modal interactions in OmniGuide fibers," Opt. Express 11, 1175-1198 (2003)

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Diez, M. V. Andres, J. L. Cruz, "In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers," Sens. Actuators B 73, 95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, and J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Homola, S. S. Yee and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Act. B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Barkou, J. Broeng, and A. Bjarklev, "Silica-air photonic crystal fiber design that permits waveguiding by a true photonic bandgap effect," Opt. Lett. 24, 46-49 (1999).

J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, P. V. Lambeck, S. Musa, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. D. Harris, J. S. Wilkinson, B. Usievich, and N. M. Lyndin "Theory and modelling of optical waveguide sensors utilising surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 54, 66 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Weisser, B. Menges, and S. Mittler-Neher, "Refractive index and thickness determination of monolayers by plasmons," Sens. Actuators B 56, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Ctyroky, F. Abdelmalek, W. Ecke, K. Usbeck, "Modelling of the surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor with Bragg grating," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 927 (1999).

A. N. Grigorenko, P. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, "Phase jumps and interferometric surface plasmon resonance imaging," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. V. Kabashin and P. Nikitin, "Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors," Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, "Single-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 41, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, M. Skalky, J. Hradiliva, and P. Kolarova, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 39, 286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, R. Slavik, J. Ctyroky, "Intreaction between fiber modes and surface plasmon wave: spectral properties," Opt. Lett. 22, 1403 (1997).

1996

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Grogner, "Experimental investigation of a surface plasmon-based integratedoptic humidity sensor," Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, "Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre," Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, R. G. Woodbury, "A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing," Sens. Actuators B 35, 212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Homola, "Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation," Sens. Actuators B 29, 401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, "Waveguide surface plasmon resonance sensors," Sens. Actuators B 29, 261 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

S.J. Al-Bader andM. Imtaar, "Optical fiber hybrid-surface plasmon polaritons," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 83 (1993).

M. B. Vidal, R. Lopez, S. Aleggret, J. Alonso-Chamarro, I. Garces and J. Mateo, "Determination of probable alcohol yield in musts by means of an SPR optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 11, 455 (1993).

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

L.M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, "Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance," Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).

1983

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundstrom, "Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing," Sens. Actuators B 4, 299 (1983).

1968

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Naturforschung A 23, 2135 (1968).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. N. Grigorenko, P. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, "Phase jumps and interferometric surface plasmon resonance imaging," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3917 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Kabashin, "Photon crystal waveguide-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 211641 (2006)

Electron. Lett.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Grogner, "Experimental investigation of a surface plasmon-based integratedoptic humidity sensor," Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, "Optical chemical sensing employing surface plasmon resonance," Electron. Lett. 23, 1469 (1988).

J. Mat. Res.

Y. Gao, N. Guo, B. Gauvreau, M. Rajabian, O. Skorobogata, E. Pone, O. Zabeida, L. Martinu, C. Dubois, and M. Skorobogatiy, "Consecutive Solvent Evaporation and Co-Rolling Techniques for Polymer Multilayer Hollow Fiber Preform Fabrication," J. Mat. Res. 21, 2246-2254 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Meas. Sci. Technol.

H. Suzuki, M. Sugimoto, Y. Matsuiand, J. Kondoh, "Fundamental characteristics of a dual-colour fibre optic SPR sensor," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1547 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Naturforschung A

E. Kretschmann and H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Naturforschung A 23, 2135 (1968).

Opt. Commun.

A. V. Kabashin and P. Nikitin, "Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors," Opt. Commun. 150, 5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

J. Ctyroky, F. Abdelmalek, W. Ecke, K. Usbeck, "Modelling of the surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor with Bragg grating," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 927 (1999).

Pure Appl. Opt.

A. Trouillet, C. Ronot-Trioli, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, "Chemical sensing by surface plasmon resonance in a multimode optical fibre," Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 227 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Act. B

J. Homola, S. S. Yee and G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review," Sens. Act. B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, P. V. Lambeck, S. Musa, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, R. D. Harris, J. S. Wilkinson, B. Usievich, and N. M. Lyndin "Theory and modelling of optical waveguide sensors utilising surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 54, 66 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Weisser, B. Menges, and S. Mittler-Neher, "Refractive index and thickness determination of monolayers by plasmons," Sens. Actuators B 56, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Gupta and A. K. Sharma, "Sensitivity evaluation of a multi-layered surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensor: a theoretical study," Sens. Actuators B 107, 40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Lavers and J.S. Wilkinson, "A waveguide-coupled surface-plasmon sensor for an aqueous environment," Sens. Actuators B 22, 75 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Harris and J. S. Wilkinson, "Waveguide surface plasmon resonance sensors," Sens. Actuators B 29, 261 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, M. Skalky, J. Hradiliva, and P. Kolarova, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 39, 286 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Homola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, and J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, "Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor," Sens. Actuators B 97, 114 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, "A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators B 12, 213 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Diez, M. V. Andres, J. L. Cruz, "In-line fiber-optic sensors based on the excitation of surface plasma modes in metal-coated tapered fibers," Sens. Actuators B 73, 95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance based on a polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Monzon-Hernandez and J. Villatoro, "High-resolution refractive index sensing by means of a multiple-peak surface plasmon resonance optical fiber sensor," Sens. Actuators B 115, 227 (2006).

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, I. Lundstrom, "Surface plasmon resonance for gas detection and biosensing," Sens. Actuators B 4, 299 (1983).

J. L. Melendez, R. Carr, D. U. Bartholomew, K. A. Kukanskis, J. Elkind, S. S. Yee, C. E. Furlong, R. G. Woodbury, "A commercial solution for surface plasmon sensing," Sens. Actuators B 35, 212 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Vidal, R. Lopez, S. Aleggret, J. Alonso-Chamarro, I. Garces and J. Mateo, "Determination of probable alcohol yield in musts by means of an SPR optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 11, 455 (1993).

J. Homola, "Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation," Sens. Actuators B 29, 401 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. B. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, "Single-mode optical fibre surface plasma wave chemical sensor," Sens. Actuators B 41, 71 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. M. Agranovich and D. L. Mills, Surface Polaritons - ElectromagneticWaves at Surfaces and Interfaces, (North- Holland, Amsterdam, 1982).

A. Hassani, M. Skorobogatiy, "Design criteria for the Microstructured Optical Fiber-based Surface Plasmon Resonance sensors," accepted for publication in the J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, February (2007).

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