In this paper, a bandpass transmission filter realized in phase-shifted waveguide gratings based on photonic crystals (PCs) is proposed. Phase-shift regions each composed of one period of photonic crystal (PC) waveguide are incorporated into PC waveguide gratings. The magnitudes of the phase-shifts are modified by involving small changes in the size of the border rods in the phase-shift regions. Using standard coupled-mode theory and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, we show that by properly choosing the magnitudes of phase-shifts and the lengths of waveguide gratings, a flat-top and sharp roll-off response with a narrow bandwidth is theoretically and numerically achieved by the designed filter. A further analysis shows that the center frequency of the transmission band can be changed by altering the magnitude of the phase-shift and the response performance exhibits relaxed sensitivity to the phase-shift variation. As a specific application, we theoretically demonstrate a third-order Chebyshev bandpass filter based on compound phase-shifted PC waveguide gratings. The filter performance is suitable for dense wavelength-division-multiplexed (DWDM) optical communication systems with a channel spacing of 100-GHz.
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