Abstract

Abstract

A two-step holographic process for the fabrication of an imageplane disk-type multiplex hologram is described in this paper. The diffraction efficiency of the transfer hologram is measured as a function of exposure. It is found to be influenced by the polarization of the light beams of the copying system, resulting in different diffraction efficiencies from different areas (under different interference conditions) of the hologram transfer. The factors which cause the phenomenon of diffraction-efficiency difference are demonstrated and the corresponding experimental results are discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. J. DeBitetto, "Holographic panoramic stereograms synthesized from white light recordings," Appl. Opt. 8, 1740-1741 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. C. King, A. M. Noll, and D. H. Berry, "A new approach to computer-generated holography," Appl. Opt. 9, 471-475 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Saxby, Practical Holography, 2nd ed., (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1994).
  4. K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. S. Cheng, W. H. Su, and R. C. Chang, "Disk-type multiplex holography," Appl. Opt. 38, 3093-3100 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. S. Cheng and R. C. Chang, "Image-plane cylindrical holographic stereogram," Appl. Opt. 39, 4058-4069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. S. Cheng and C. M. Lai, "Image-plane conical multiplex holography by one-step recording," Opt. Eng. 42, 1631-1639 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. S. Cheng and C. H. Chen, "Image-plane disk-type multiplex hologram," Appl. Opt. 42, 7013-7022 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. S. Cheng, Y. T. Su, and C. H. Chen, "360-degree viewable image-plane disk-type multiplex holography," in Frontiers in Optics, Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper FMD5.
  10. K. Yokomori, "Dielectric surface-relief gratings with high diffraction efficiency," Appl. Opt. 23, 2303-2310 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971).
  12. H. J. Caulfield, ed., Handbook of Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1979), pp. 373-378.

2003

Y. S. Cheng and C. M. Lai, "Image-plane conical multiplex holography by one-step recording," Opt. Eng. 42, 1631-1639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. Cheng and C. H. Chen, "Image-plane disk-type multiplex hologram," Appl. Opt. 42, 7013-7022 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1999

1989

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984

1970

1969

Berry, D. H.

Chang, R. C.

Chen, C. H.

Cheng, Y. S.

DeBitetto, D. J.

King, M. C.

Lai, C. M.

Y. S. Cheng and C. M. Lai, "Image-plane conical multiplex holography by one-step recording," Opt. Eng. 42, 1631-1639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noll, A. M.

Okada, K.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ose, T.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Su, W. H.

Tsujiuchi, J.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamaji, Y.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yokomori, K.

Yoshii, S.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Commun.

K. Okada, S. Yoshii, Y. Yamaji, J. Tsujiuchi and T. Ose, "Conical holographic stereograms," Opt. Commun. 73, 347-350 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

Y. S. Cheng and C. M. Lai, "Image-plane conical multiplex holography by one-step recording," Opt. Eng. 42, 1631-1639 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y. S. Cheng, Y. T. Su, and C. H. Chen, "360-degree viewable image-plane disk-type multiplex holography," in Frontiers in Optics, Laser Science XXI (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper FMD5.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971).

H. J. Caulfield, ed., Handbook of Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1979), pp. 373-378.

G. Saxby, Practical Holography, 2nd ed., (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1994).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (1110 KB)     

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Figures (18)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Two-step holographic process.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical system for recording a master hologram.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical system for the object beam in the holographic setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic diagrams of the object coordinate system and image-reconstruction coordinate system.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Relationship between film coordinates and viewing coordinates.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Multiple exposures on the holographic film.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Images for the input object plane in the first step.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimentally reconstructed images from H1.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(1.08 MB) Set of reconstructed images for both eyes for a typical IPDTMH. [Media 1]

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Single-beam copying optical system.

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

Geometric scheme of the optical system.

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Interference between two beams in area A1t.

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

Reconstructed images obtained from the transfer hologram (H2).

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Formation of fringes in the first step.

Fig. 15.
Fig. 15.

Process of reconstruction.

Fig. 16.
Fig. 16.

Interference between two beams in the second step.

Fig. 17.
Fig. 17.

Characteristic curves for the recording materials.

Fig. 18.
Fig. 18.

Experimental measurements of the diffraction efficiency as a function of exposure.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Relationship among the parameters in the reconstruction process

Equations (3)

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δ = tan 1 { tan θ 1 { ( d 1 f 2 1 ) ( d 23 f 3 1 ) 1 f 3 d 1 } } ,
η = P i P o ,
η t = η TM + η TE 2 ,

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