Abstract

A stable optical frequency comb with 20-GHz spacing is shaped by a compact integrated silica arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) pair to produce optical waveforms with unprecedented fidelity. Complete characterization of both the intensity and phase of the crafted optical fields is accomplished with cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating (XFROG) which has been optimized for periodic waveforms with resolvable modes. A new method is proposed to quantify, in a single number, the quality of the match in both the amplitude and phase between the measured optical waveform and the target waveform.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

2006

2005

M. Knapczyk, A. Krishnan, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, "High-resolution pulse shaper based on arrays of digital micromirrors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2200-2202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 30, 1557-1559 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Monmayrant and B. Chatel, "New phase and amplitude high resolution pulse shaper," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2668-2671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

J.-H. Chung and A. M. Weiner, "Ambiguity of ultrashort pulse shapes retrieved from the intensity autocorrelation and the power spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 656-666 (2001).

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, "Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation," Electron. Lett. 37, 967-968 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Yamada, and T. Goh, "Fabrication of frequency spectrum synthesiser consisting of arrayed-waveguide grating pair and thermo-optic amplitude and phase controllers," Electron. Lett. 35, 733-734 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. M. Weiner and A. M. Kan’an, "Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317-331 (1998).

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, "Adaptive real-time femtosecond pulse shaping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1615-1619 (1998).

1997

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161-237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, "Generation of high-fidelity programmable ultrafast optical waveforms," Opt. Lett. 20, 1047-1049 (1995).

1994

1993

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, "Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693-2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, "Programmable phase and amplitude femtosecond pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 18, 2032-2034 (1993).

1989

L. Cohen, "Time-frequency distributions-a review," Proc. IEEE 77, 941-981 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1985

Electron. Lett.

K. Okamoto, T. Kominato, H. Yamada, and T. Goh, "Fabrication of frequency spectrum synthesiser consisting of arrayed-waveguide grating pair and thermo-optic amplitude and phase controllers," Electron. Lett. 35, 733-734 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, "Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal amplitude and phase hybrid modulation," Electron. Lett. 37, 967-968 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, "Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2693-2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Optical processing based on spectral line-by-line pulse shaping on a phase-modulated CW laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 657-665 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. M. Weiner and A. M. Kan’an, "Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317-331 (1998).

J.-H. Chung and A. M. Weiner, "Ambiguity of ultrashort pulse shapes retrieved from the intensity autocorrelation and the power spectrum," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 656-666 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. Miyamoto, K. Mandai, T. Kurokawa, S. Takeda, T. Shioda, and H. Tsuda, "Waveform-controllable optical pulse generation using an optical pulse synthesizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 721-723 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Knapczyk, A. Krishnan, L. G. de Peralta, A. A. Bernussi, and H. Temkin, "High-resolution pulse shaper based on arrays of digital micromirrors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2200-2202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

J. D. Mckinney, I. S. Lin, and A. M. Weiner, "Ultrabroadband arbitrary electromagnetic waveform synthesis," Opt. Photon. News 17, 24-29 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

L. Cohen, "Time-frequency distributions-a review," Proc. IEEE 77, 941-981 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond optical pulse shaping and processing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 19, 161-237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Monmayrant and B. Chatel, "New phase and amplitude high resolution pulse shaper," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2668-2671 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. Mandai, T. Suzuki, H. Tsuda, T. Kurokawa, and T. Kawanishi, "Arbitrary optical short pulse generator using a high-resolution arrayed-waveguide grating," in Proceedings of the IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 107-110.

R. Trebino, Frequency-resolved optical gating: the measurement of ultrashort laser pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, "19×10-GHz electro-optic ultra-flat frequency comb generation only using single conventional Mach-Zehnder modulator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2006) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CMAA5.

R. P. Scott, N. K. Fontaine, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, and S. J. B. Yoo, "3.5-THz wide, 175 mode optical comb source," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC 2007) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper OWJ3.

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