Abstract

We have proposed and demonstrated a wideband and wavelength stable L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source (SFS) using an improved double-pass bi-directional (DP-BD) pumping configuration with a segment of un-pumped fiber. The effects of the fiber length and pump power arrangements on the output characteristics of the L-band SFS are examined. Simulations and experiments show that the output characteristics of the L-band SFS are significantly improved by using an un-pumped fiber in the DP-BD pumping configuration. This designed configuration allows a wavelength stable L-band SFS operation with a broadening bandwidth of 52.6nm, an enhanced pumping efficiency of 47.5%, and a mean wavelength of 1580.42nm.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. D. Su, L. A. Wang, "Multiwavelength fiber sources based on double-pass superfluorescent fiber sources," J.Lightwave Technol. 18, 708-714 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. A. Wang, C. D. Chen, "Stable and broadband Er-doped superfluorescent fiber sources using double pass backward configuration," Electron. Lett.,  32, 1815-1817 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, J. P. Zhu et al., "Watt-level L band superfluorescent fiber source," Opt. Express 13, 1531-1536 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Z. Zatta, D. C. Hall, "Ultra-stability two-stage superfluorescent fiber source for fiber optics gyroscope," Electron. Lett. 38, 406-408 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. OASIX v3.0: Lucent Technologies erbium doped fiber devices simulation software.

2005 (2)

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, J. P. Zhu et al., "Watt-level L band superfluorescent fiber source," Opt. Express 13, 1531-1536 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zatta, D. C. Hall, "Ultra-stability two-stage superfluorescent fiber source for fiber optics gyroscope," Electron. Lett. 38, 406-408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. D. Su, L. A. Wang, "Multiwavelength fiber sources based on double-pass superfluorescent fiber sources," J.Lightwave Technol. 18, 708-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. A. Wang, C. D. Chen, "Stable and broadband Er-doped superfluorescent fiber sources using double pass backward configuration," Electron. Lett.,  32, 1815-1817 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z. P.

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. D.

L. A. Wang, C. D. Chen, "Stable and broadband Er-doped superfluorescent fiber sources using double pass backward configuration," Electron. Lett.,  32, 1815-1817 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. P.

Chen, Y. K.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dominique, M. D.

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. C.

P. Z. Zatta, D. C. Hall, "Ultra-stability two-stage superfluorescent fiber source for fiber optics gyroscope," Electron. Lett. 38, 406-408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, S.

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. C.

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Law, P. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. M.

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lew, G.

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. G.

Robert, P. M.

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Su, C. D.

C. D. Su, L. A. Wang, "Multiwavelength fiber sources based on double-pass superfluorescent fiber sources," J.Lightwave Technol. 18, 708-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T. C.

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. A.

C. D. Su, L. A. Wang, "Multiwavelength fiber sources based on double-pass superfluorescent fiber sources," J.Lightwave Technol. 18, 708-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Wang, C. D. Chen, "Stable and broadband Er-doped superfluorescent fiber sources using double pass backward configuration," Electron. Lett.,  32, 1815-1817 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. L.

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

William, K. B.

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. Y.

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, C. C.

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zatta, P. Z.

P. Z. Zatta, D. C. Hall, "Ultra-stability two-stage superfluorescent fiber source for fiber optics gyroscope," Electron. Lett. 38, 406-408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. P.

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. A. Wang, C. D. Chen, "Stable and broadband Er-doped superfluorescent fiber sources using double pass backward configuration," Electron. Lett.,  32, 1815-1817 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Z. Zatta, D. C. Hall, "Ultra-stability two-stage superfluorescent fiber source for fiber optics gyroscope," Electron. Lett. 38, 406-408 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High pumping efficiency L-band erbium doped fiber ASE source using double pass bidirectional pumping configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 197-199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet and B. Y. Kim, "Spectral characteristics of high-power 1.5μm broad-band superluminescent fiber sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 178-180 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, B. Y. Kim et al., "Characteristics of erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber sources for interferometric sensor applications," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 550-567 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

W. C. Huang, X. L. Wang, Z. P. Cai, H. Y. Xu and C. C. Ye. "A pump power insensitive high statbility L-band erbium-doped superfluorescent fiber source," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 179-182 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.Lightwave Technol. (2)

M. D. Dominique, G. Lew, P. M. Robert, and K. B. William, "Wavelength stability characteristics of a high-power, amplified superfluorescent source," J.Lightwave Technol. 17, 1415-1422 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Su, L. A. Wang, "Multiwavelength fiber sources based on double-pass superfluorescent fiber sources," J.Lightwave Technol. 18, 708-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. C. Tsai, C. M. Lee, S. Hsu and Y. K. Chen. "Characteristic comparison of single-pumped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplified spontaneous emission sources," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 1111-1117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Tsai, T. C. Tsai, P. C. Law, and Y. K. Chen, "High-power flat L-band erbium-doped fiber ASE source using dual forward-pumping scheme," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

OASIX v3.0: Lucent Technologies erbium doped fiber devices simulation software.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Improved DP-BD L-band SFS configuration

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated output spectra of the SFS with different R L

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Mean wavelength, bandwidth and output power versus R L when Pp=100mW, Rp=0.5.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output characteristics against the pump ratio R p.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Mean wavelength versus pump power when R L=0.632 and R p=0.5.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured mean wavelength versus pump power for L1=12, L2=7m with R P=0.5. Inset: Measured SFS spectrum for a pump power of 185mW.

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