Abstract

We experimentally study the effects of cross-phase modulation and stimulated Brillouin scattering limitations in long unrepeatered transmission systems at 10.7 Gb/s. We find significant SBS suppression in wavelength-division multiplexed systems and investigate system performance for different numbers of channels and channel spacing. We find greater than 4 orders of magnitude improvement in bit error rate (BER) with a WDM system in comparison to single channel transmission due to SBS impairment mitigation. Unrepeatered transmission over 323 km with a simple system configuration using low-attenuation fiber, NRZ modulation, and only EDFA amplification is demonstrated with more than 5 dB system margin over the forward error correction (FEC) threshold.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Mizuochi and K. Shimizu, LEOS 2004 paper WB2 (2004).
  2. P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).
  6. Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and J. Hurley, “SBS threshold of segmented fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference on CD-ROM) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005) paper OME5 (2005).
  9. J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).
  10. F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).
  11. J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, “Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold,” Opt. Express 13, 5338–5346 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

2005 (2)

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, “Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold,” Opt. Express 13, 5338–5346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).

1995 (1)

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Akiba, S.

Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alphonsus, J. E. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Aoki, Y.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Beck, E. C.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Bickham, S.

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

Bickham, S. R.

Boubal, F.

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brandon, E.

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cheung, W. Y.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, D. Q.

Da Silva, V. L.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Delavaux, J.-M. P.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Downie, J. D.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

Eskilden, L.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gasper, D.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gray, S.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

Grubb, S. G.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hansen, P. B.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Horiuchi, Y.

Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hurley, J.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and J. Hurley, “SBS threshold of segmented fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference on CD-ROM) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005) paper OME5 (2005).

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

Kao, M.-L.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Khrapko, R.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobyakov, A.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, “Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold,” Opt. Express 13, 5338–5346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and J. Hurley, “SBS threshold of segmented fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference on CD-ROM) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005) paper OME5 (2005).

Korotky, S. K.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kosinski, S. G.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kumar, S.

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Labrunie, L.

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

Le Roux, P.

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. G.

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. S.

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ma, D.

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

Mazzali, C.

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

Mishra, R.

Mito, I.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mizuhara, O.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi and K. Shimizu, LEOS 2004 paper WB2 (2004).

Mo, J.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, T. V.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, T. N.

F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Park, Y. K.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ruffin, A. B.

Sauer, M.

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, “Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold,” Opt. Express 13, 5338–5346 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and J. Hurley, “SBS threshold of segmented fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference on CD-ROM) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005) paper OME5 (2005).

Seo, W.

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi and K. Shimizu, LEOS 2004 paper WB2 (2004).

Simpson, J. R.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Stentz, A.

F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).

Stone, J.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Strasser, T. A.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tajima, K.

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ten, S.

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

Thorkild, F.

F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).

Truxal, D.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tzeng, L. D.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Veselka, J. J.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y. J.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, P. F.

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yeates, P. D.

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G.

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEE Electron. Lett. (3)

P. B. Hansen, L. Eskilden, S. G. Grubb, A. M. Vengsarkar, S. K. Korotky, T. A. Strasser, J. E. J. Alphonsus, J. J. Veselka, D. J. DiGiovanni, D. W. Peckham, E. C. Beck, D. Truxal, W. Y. Cheung, S. G. Kosinski, D. Gasper, P. F. Wysocki, V. L. Da Silva, and J. R. Simpson “529 km unrepeatered transmission at 2.488 GBit/s using dispersion compensation, forward error correction, and remote post- and preamplifiers pumped by diode-pumped Raman lasers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 31, 1460–1461 (1995).
[Crossref]

L. Labrunie, F. Boubal, P. Le Roux, and E. Brandon, “500 km WDM 12×10 Gbit/s CRZ repeaterless transmission using second order remote amplication,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1394–1395 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Horiuchi, S. Yamamoto, and S. Akiba, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression effects induced by cross-phase modulation in high power WDM repeaterless transmission,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 390–391 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. K. Park, O. Mizuhara, L. D. Tzeng, J.-M. P. Delavaux, T. V. Nguyen, M.-L. Kao, P. D. Yeates, and J. Stone, “A 5 Gb/s repeaterless transmission system using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 79–82 (1993).
[Crossref]

S. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, W. Seo, and S. G. Lee, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering suppression using cross-phase modulation induced by an optical supervisory channel in WDM links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 741–743 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Mo, G. Zhou, J. Chen, Y. J. Wen, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and K. Xu, “Single-span transmission of WDM RZ-DPSK signal over 310-km standard SMF without using FEC and remote pumping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2209–2211 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Aoki, K. Tajima, and I. Mito, “Input power limits of single-mode optical fibers die to stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 710–719 (1988).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (5)

T. Mizuochi and K. Shimizu, LEOS 2004 paper WB2 (2004).

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, and J. Hurley, “SBS threshold of segmented fibers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference on CD-ROM) (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005) paper OME5 (2005).

J. D. Downie, A. Kobyakov, J. Hurley, M. Sauer, S. Bickham, S. Ten, and C. Mazzali, “A Low-Attenuation, High SBS-Threshold Fiber Link Optimized for Unrepeatered System Transmission at 10.7 Gbit/s,” Proceedings of SubOptic 2007 paper We3.16, Baltimore, MD (2007).

F. Thorkild, T. N. Nielsen, and A. Stentz, “Experimental verification of SBS suppression by duobinary modulation, Tech. Dig., ECOC 1997 1, 71–72 (1997).

J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, R. Khrapko, D. Ma, and S. Gray, “Performance comparison of a new lowattenuation fibre with G.652 fibre in unrepeatered single-span systems,” Proceedings ECOC 2006 paper Mo3.3.3, Cannes, France (2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission system experimental set-up for unrepeatered system testing. PG: pattern generator, PM: power monitor, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer, Rx: receiver.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental set-up used to measure reflected power from SBS non-linear impairment.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results for transmission tests over 304 km fiber span. WDM systems had 8 channels with 100 GHz channel spacing.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reflected power results as obtained from experimental set-up in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental results for transmission tests over 304 km fiber span, for a single-channel system, and WDM systems with 4 and 8 channels. WDM channel spacing was 100 GHz and channel bit sequences were de-correlated prior to launch.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental results for transmission tests comparing single-channel with 8-channel 100 GHz and 200 GHz WDM systems. (a) 304 km span length, (b) 323 km span length.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Experimentally measured Q values for 8 WDM channels in 100 GHz and 200 GHz systems over 323 km span.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental results for transmission tests comparing single-channel with 100 GHz and 200 GHz WDM systems over a 324 km heterogeneous fiber span comprised of 20 km of high-SBS threshold G.652-compliant fiber and 304 km of Vascade EX1000 fiber.

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