Abstract

We report on the use of a hybrid compressor system consisting in a set of prisms embedded in a sequence of gratings specifically designed to optimize the compression of amplified parabolic pulses. Spectral phase measurements confirm that, as opposed to traditional gratings compressors, the third-order spectral phase is efficiently compensated in our system. We show that compression optimization leads to the enhancement of the temporal Strehl ratio from 0.67 using conventional compressor to 0.96 using our system. We demonstrate that prisms embedded gratings compressors assert itself as a simple and efficient solution to third-order dispersion compensation as this issue grows rapidly with the scaling of the performance in energy and bandwidth of parabolic fiber amplifiers.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation of high-power parabolic pulses in optical fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1753 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zöllner, H.-J. Fuchs, E.-B. Kley, H. Zellner, A. Tünnermann, "High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 10, 628 (2002)
    [PubMed]
  4. G. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, and T. B. Norris, "Dependence of parabolic pulse amplification on stimulated Raman scattering and gain bandwidth," Opt. Lett. 29, 2647 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. B. S. Soh, J. Nilsson, and A. B. Grudinin, "Efficient femtosecond pulse generation using a parabolic amplifier combined with a pulse compressor. I. Stimulated Raman-scattering effects," J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. 23, 10, (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Tournois, "New diffraction grating pair with very linear dispersion for laser pulse compression," Electron. Lett. 29, 1414, (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Kane, and R. Tebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Galvanauskas, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber amplifiers", in "Ultrafast lasers" CRC, p. 209 (2002)
  10. L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Kane, J. Squier, J. V. Rudd, and G. Mourou, "Hybrid grating-prism stretcher-compressor system with cubic phase and wavelength tunability and decreased alignement sensitivity," Opt. Lett. 19, 1876 (1994)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Kane, and J. Squier, "Grism-pair stretcher-compressor system for simultaneous second- and third-order dispersion compensation in chirped-pulse amplification,"J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14, 661 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. A Gibson, D. Gaudiosi, H. Kapteyn, R. Jimenez, S. Kane, R. Huff, C. Durfee, and S. Squier, "Efficient reflection grisms for pulse compression and dispersion compensation of femtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 31, 3363 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. R. Buckley, S. W. Clark, and F. W. Wise, "Generation of ten-cycle pulses from an ytterbium fiber laser with cubic phase compensation," Opt. Lett. 31, 1340 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Kuznetsova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, J. Squier, "Chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses in a Yb-doped fiber amplifier near the gain narrowing limit using a reflection grism compressor," presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vancouver, paper TuB3 (2007)
  16. Y. Zaouter, J. Diderjean, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, F. Druon, P. Georges, J. Petit, P. Golner, B. Viana, "47-fs diode pumped Yb3+ : CaGdAlO4 laser, " Opt. Lett.,  31, 119, (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation of high-power parabolic pulses in optical fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1753 (2000)
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Kane, and J. Squier, "Grism-pair stretcher-compressor system for simultaneous second- and third-order dispersion compensation in chirped-pulse amplification,"J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14, 661 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

P. Tournois, "New diffraction grating pair with very linear dispersion for laser pulse compression," Electron. Lett. 29, 1414, (1993)
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kane, and R. Tebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Balembois, F.

Buckley, J. R.

Chang, G.

Cho, G. C.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, S. W.

Clausnitzer, T.

Diderjean, J.

Druon, F.

Dudley, J. M.

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation of high-power parabolic pulses in optical fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1753 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C.

Durfee, C. G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fernman, M. E.

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.-J.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gaudiosi, D.

Georges, P.

Gibson, E. A

Golner, P.

Grudinin, A. B.

D. B. S. Soh, J. Nilsson, and A. B. Grudinin, "Efficient femtosecond pulse generation using a parabolic amplifier combined with a pulse compressor. I. Stimulated Raman-scattering effects," J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. 23, 10, (2006)
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harvey, J. D.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation of high-power parabolic pulses in optical fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1753 (2000)
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Huff, R.

Imeshev, G.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jimenez, R.

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane, and R. Tebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Kane, S.

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

Kruglov, V. I.

V. I. Kruglov, A. C. Peacock, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation of high-power parabolic pulses in optical fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1753 (2000)
[CrossRef]

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, Z.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

D. B. S. Soh, J. Nilsson, and A. B. Grudinin, "Efficient femtosecond pulse generation using a parabolic amplifier combined with a pulse compressor. I. Stimulated Raman-scattering effects," J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. 23, 10, (2006)
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Peacock, A. C.

Petit, J.

Rudd, J. V.

Schreiber, T.

Shah, L.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soh, D. B. S.

D. B. S. Soh, J. Nilsson, and A. B. Grudinin, "Efficient femtosecond pulse generation using a parabolic amplifier combined with a pulse compressor. I. Stimulated Raman-scattering effects," J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. 23, 10, (2006)
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

S. Kane, and J. Squier, "Grism-pair stretcher-compressor system for simultaneous second- and third-order dispersion compensation in chirped-pulse amplification,"J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14, 661 (1997)
[CrossRef]

S. Kane, J. Squier, J. V. Rudd, and G. Mourou, "Hybrid grating-prism stretcher-compressor system with cubic phase and wavelength tunability and decreased alignement sensitivity," Opt. Lett. 19, 1876 (1994)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, S.

Tebino, R.

D. J. Kane, and R. Tebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

P. Tournois, "New diffraction grating pair with very linear dispersion for laser pulse compression," Electron. Lett. 29, 1414, (1993)
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Viana, B.

Winful, H. G.

Wise, F. W.

Zaouter, Y.

Zellner, H.

Zöllner, K.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Tournois, "New diffraction grating pair with very linear dispersion for laser pulse compression," Electron. Lett. 29, 1414, (1993)
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. J. Kane, and R. Tebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571 (1993)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

S. Kane, and J. Squier, "Grism-pair stretcher-compressor system for simultaneous second- and third-order dispersion compensation in chirped-pulse amplification,"J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 14, 661 (1997)
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. (1)

D. B. S. Soh, J. Nilsson, and A. B. Grudinin, "Efficient femtosecond pulse generation using a parabolic amplifier combined with a pulse compressor. I. Stimulated Raman-scattering effects," J. Opt.Soc. Am. B. 23, 10, (2006)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Express. (1)

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express. 13, 4717 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fernman, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, "High power ultrafast lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 1207 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Galvanauskas, "Ultrashort-pulse fiber amplifiers", in "Ultrafast lasers" CRC, p. 209 (2002)

L. Kuznetsova, F. W. Wise, S. Kane, J. Squier, "Chirped-pulse amplification of femtosecond pulses in a Yb-doped fiber amplifier near the gain narrowing limit using a reflection grism compressor," presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Vancouver, paper TuB3 (2007)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the hybrid gratings – prisms arrangement called grism used in the experiment. Both gratings have a line density of 1250-line/mm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the parabolic pulse amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Top: retrieved temporal intensity of parabolic pulses at 4W output power from FROG measurement (inset). Bottom: retrieved spectral intensity (inset in Log scale). The FROG error is 61.10-4 on a 512×512 grid (colors are in linear scale).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal intensities of the recompressed pulses with a grating arrangement (black curve) and its FROG trace (bottom inset) and with a grism arrangement (red curve) and its FROG trace (top inset). The FROG errors are 32.10-4 and 26.10-4 for the compression with gratings and with grism respectively, on 128×128 grids (colors are in linear scale).

Equations (2)

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φ 3 φ 2 = 3 λ 2 π c ( 1 + λ d ( λ d sin γ ) 1 ( λ d sin γ ) 2 ) ,
φ 3 φ 2 = β 3 g z 3 β 2 .

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