This work describes a novel approach that adopts numerical operation to suppress the zero-order images of reconstruction in digital holography. The entire process needs only one digital hologram and keeps under control the intensity ratio of the object wave to reference wave in recording procedure. Also the performance of numerical suppression is simple and effective by subtracting the numerical generated intensity of the object and reference waves from the digital hologram. The experimental results demonstrate that the zero-order images of reconstruction can be suppressed completely and represents the satisfactory reconstructed image even if the distribution of the object wave is not uniform. Therefore this approach can simplify the procedure of phase-shifting digital holographic-based scheme involving multiple exposures. Moreover, the investigation of performance using the novel suppression approach is presented for proving the practical feasibility.
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