Abstract

Light-induced forces between metal nanoparticles change the geometry of the aggregates and affect their optical properties. Light absorption, scattering and scattering of a probe beam are numerically studied with Newton’s equations and the coupled dipole equations for penta-particle aggregates. The relative changes in optical responses are large compared with the linear, low-intensity limit and relatively fast with nanosecond characteristic times. Time and intensity dependencies are shown to be sensitive to the initial potential of the aggregation forces.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

A. S. Zelenina, R. Quidant, G. Badenes and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, "Tunable optical sorting and manipulation of nanoparticles via plasmon excitation," Opt. Lett. 31, 2054-2056 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pissuwan, S. M. Valenzuela and M. B. Cortie, "Therapeutic possibilities of plasmonically heated gold nanoparticles," Trends in Biotechnol. 24, 62-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Buin, P. F. de Chatel, H. Nakotte, V. P. Drachev and V. M. Shalaev, "Saturation effect in the optical response of Ag-nanoparticle fractal aggregates," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035438-35449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

I. H. El-Sayed, X. Huang and M. A. El-Sayed, "Surface plasmon resonance scattering and absorption of anti EGFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnostics: Applications in oral cancer," Nano Lett. 5, 829-834 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Zharov and D. O. Lapotko, "Photothermal imaging of nanoparticles (review)," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 733-751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Sonnichsen, B. M. Reinhard, J. Liphardt and A. P. Alivisatos, "A molecular ruler based on plasmon coupling of single gold and silver nanoparticles," Nature Biotechnol. 23, 741-745 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "On the Theory of Optical Properties of Fractal Clusters," Sov. Phys. JETP 98, 691-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "A model of pair interactions in the theory of optical properties of fractal clusters," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 416-420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

H. Xu and M. Käll, "Surface-Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Forces in Silver Nanoaggregates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 246802-4 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. Hilger, M. Tenfelde and U. Kreibig, "Silver nanoparticles deposited on dielectric surfaces," Appl. Phys. B 73, 361-372 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Hoekstra, M. Frijlink, L. B. F. M. Waters and P. M. A. Sloot, "Radiation forces in the discrete-dipole approximation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1944-1953 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Quinten, "Local fields close to the surface of nanoparticles and aggregates of nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B 73, 245-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

A. A. Lazarides and G. C. Schatz, "DNA-Linked Metal Nanosphere Materials: Structural Basis for the Optical Properties," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 460-467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. E. Mazets, "Polarization of two close metal spheres in an external homogeneous electric field," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 45, 1238-1240 (2000).

1999 (1)

B. Cappella and G. Dietler, "Force-distance curves by atomic force microscopy," Surface Science reports 341-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Kimura, I. J. Mann, "Radiation pressure cross section for fluffy aggregates," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 425-438 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine, "The discrete-dipole approximation and its application to interstellar graphite grains," Astrophys. J. 333, 848-872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

J. F. Marco, "Supercoiled and braided DNA under tension," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1758-1772 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Stockman, "Chaos and Spatial Correlations for Dipolar Eigenproblems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4562-4565 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Stockman, "Inhomogeneous eigenmode localization, chaos, and correlations in large disordered clusters," Phys. Rev. E 56, 6494-6507 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim and R. L. Armstrong, "Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties," Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425-2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine and J. C. Weihgarther, "Radiative torques on interstellar grains I. Superthermal spin-up," Astrophys. J. 470, 551-565 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

F. Claro and R. Rojas, "Novel laser induced interaction profiles in clusters of mesoscopic particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2743-2745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

V. A. Markel, L. S. Muratov, M. I. Stockman and T. F. George, "Theory and numerical simulation of optical properties of fractal clusters," Phys. Rev. B 43, 8183-8195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. M. Gerardy and M. Ausloos, "Absorption spectrum of clusters of spheres from the general solution of Maxwell’s equations. II. Optical properties of aggregated metal spheres," Phys. Rev. B 25, 4204-4229 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alivisatos, A. P.

C. Sonnichsen, B. M. Reinhard, J. Liphardt and A. P. Alivisatos, "A molecular ruler based on plasmon coupling of single gold and silver nanoparticles," Nature Biotechnol. 23, 741-745 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, R. L.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim and R. L. Armstrong, "Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties," Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425-2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ausloos, M.

J. M. Gerardy and M. Ausloos, "Absorption spectrum of clusters of spheres from the general solution of Maxwell’s equations. II. Optical properties of aggregated metal spheres," Phys. Rev. B 25, 4204-4229 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Badenes, G.

Buin, A. K.

A. K. Buin, P. F. de Chatel, H. Nakotte, V. P. Drachev and V. M. Shalaev, "Saturation effect in the optical response of Ag-nanoparticle fractal aggregates," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035438-35449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cappella, B.

B. Cappella and G. Dietler, "Force-distance curves by atomic force microscopy," Surface Science reports 341-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Claro, F.

F. Claro and R. Rojas, "Novel laser induced interaction profiles in clusters of mesoscopic particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2743-2745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cortie, M. B.

D. Pissuwan, S. M. Valenzuela and M. B. Cortie, "Therapeutic possibilities of plasmonically heated gold nanoparticles," Trends in Biotechnol. 24, 62-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Chatel, P. F.

A. K. Buin, P. F. de Chatel, H. Nakotte, V. P. Drachev and V. M. Shalaev, "Saturation effect in the optical response of Ag-nanoparticle fractal aggregates," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035438-35449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dietler, G.

B. Cappella and G. Dietler, "Force-distance curves by atomic force microscopy," Surface Science reports 341-104 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

A. K. Buin, P. F. de Chatel, H. Nakotte, V. P. Drachev and V. M. Shalaev, "Saturation effect in the optical response of Ag-nanoparticle fractal aggregates," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035438-35449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Draine, B. T.

B. T. Draine, "The discrete-dipole approximation and its application to interstellar graphite grains," Astrophys. J. 333, 848-872 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Draine and J. C. Weihgarther, "Radiative torques on interstellar grains I. Superthermal spin-up," Astrophys. J. 470, 551-565 (1996).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, I. H.

I. H. El-Sayed, X. Huang and M. A. El-Sayed, "Surface plasmon resonance scattering and absorption of anti EGFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnostics: Applications in oral cancer," Nano Lett. 5, 829-834 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

I. H. El-Sayed, X. Huang and M. A. El-Sayed, "Surface plasmon resonance scattering and absorption of anti EGFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnostics: Applications in oral cancer," Nano Lett. 5, 829-834 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frijlink, M.

George, T. F.

V. A. Markel, L. S. Muratov, M. I. Stockman and T. F. George, "Theory and numerical simulation of optical properties of fractal clusters," Phys. Rev. B 43, 8183-8195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gerardy, J. M.

J. M. Gerardy and M. Ausloos, "Absorption spectrum of clusters of spheres from the general solution of Maxwell’s equations. II. Optical properties of aggregated metal spheres," Phys. Rev. B 25, 4204-4229 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gerasimov, V. S.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hilger, A.

A. Hilger, M. Tenfelde and U. Kreibig, "Silver nanoparticles deposited on dielectric surfaces," Appl. Phys. B 73, 361-372 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hoekstra, A. J.

Huang, X.

I. H. El-Sayed, X. Huang and M. A. El-Sayed, "Surface plasmon resonance scattering and absorption of anti EGFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnostics: Applications in oral cancer," Nano Lett. 5, 829-834 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isaev, I.L.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

H. Xu and M. Käll, "Surface-Plasmon-Enhanced Optical Forces in Silver Nanoaggregates," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 246802-4 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karpov, S. V.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khaliullin, E. N.

V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim and R. L. Armstrong, "Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties," Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425-2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, H.

H. Kimura, I. J. Mann, "Radiation pressure cross section for fluffy aggregates," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 425-438 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

A. Hilger, M. Tenfelde and U. Kreibig, "Silver nanoparticles deposited on dielectric surfaces," Appl. Phys. B 73, 361-372 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lapotko, D. O.

V. P. Zharov and D. O. Lapotko, "Photothermal imaging of nanoparticles (review)," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 733-751 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lazarides, A. A.

A. A. Lazarides and G. C. Schatz, "DNA-Linked Metal Nanosphere Materials: Structural Basis for the Optical Properties," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 460-467 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liphardt, J.

C. Sonnichsen, B. M. Reinhard, J. Liphardt and A. P. Alivisatos, "A molecular ruler based on plasmon coupling of single gold and silver nanoparticles," Nature Biotechnol. 23, 741-745 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mann, I. J.

H. Kimura, I. J. Mann, "Radiation pressure cross section for fluffy aggregates," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 60, 425-438 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marco, J. F.

J. F. Marco, "Supercoiled and braided DNA under tension," Phys. Rev. E 55, 1758-1772 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Markel, V. A.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim and R. L. Armstrong, "Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties," Phys. Rev. B 53, 2425-2436 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Markel, L. S. Muratov, M. I. Stockman and T. F. George, "Theory and numerical simulation of optical properties of fractal clusters," Phys. Rev. B 43, 8183-8195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mazets, I. E.

I. E. Mazets, "Polarization of two close metal spheres in an external homogeneous electric field," Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 45, 1238-1240 (2000).

Muratov, L. S.

V. A. Markel, L. S. Muratov, M. I. Stockman and T. F. George, "Theory and numerical simulation of optical properties of fractal clusters," Phys. Rev. B 43, 8183-8195 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakotte, H.

A. K. Buin, P. F. de Chatel, H. Nakotte, V. P. Drachev and V. M. Shalaev, "Saturation effect in the optical response of Ag-nanoparticle fractal aggregates," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035438-35449 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Obuschenko, A. V.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perminov, S. V.

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "On the Theory of Optical Properties of Fractal Clusters," Sov. Phys. JETP 98, 691-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "A model of pair interactions in the theory of optical properties of fractal clusters," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 416-420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pissuwan, D.

D. Pissuwan, S. M. Valenzuela and M. B. Cortie, "Therapeutic possibilities of plasmonically heated gold nanoparticles," Trends in Biotechnol. 24, 62-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pustovit, V. N.

V. A. Markel, V. N. Pustovit, S. V. Karpov, A. V. Obuschenko, V. S. Gerasimov and I.L. Isaev, "Electromagnetic density of states and absorption of radiation by aggregates of nanospheres with multipole interactions," Phys. Rev. B 70, 054202-054221 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Quinten, M.

M. Quinten, "Local fields close to the surface of nanoparticles and aggregates of nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. B 73, 245-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rautian, S. G.

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "On the Theory of Optical Properties of Fractal Clusters," Sov. Phys. JETP 98, 691-704 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian and V. P. Safonov, "A model of pair interactions in the theory of optical properties of fractal clusters," Opt. Spectrosc. 95, 416-420 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reinhard, B. M.

C. Sonnichsen, B. M. Reinhard, J. Liphardt and A. P. Alivisatos, "A molecular ruler based on plasmon coupling of single gold and silver nanoparticles," Nature Biotechnol. 23, 741-745 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rojas, R.

F. Claro and R. Rojas, "Novel laser induced interaction profiles in clusters of mesoscopic particles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2743-2745 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Safonov, V. P.

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[CrossRef]

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V. P. Drachev, S. V. Perminov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov and E. N. Khaliullin, "Polarization effects in nanoaggregates of silver caused by local and nonlocal nonlinear-optical responses," Sov. Phys. JETP 94, 901-915 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The model potential describing the aggregation forces for a pair of nanoparticles.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The structure (left) and the linear absorption spectrum (right) of the Ag nano-aggregate. The light wave is polarized along the y axis. The dashed lines on the spectrum mark three frequencies, 2.83 eV, 2.865 eV, and 2.89 eV, which are specifically considered in the text.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The normalized nonlinear absorption PNL as a function of light frequency: (a) the peak values PNL (t 0) (t 0 corresponds to the maximum of the incident light pulse); (b) the pulse-average values. The peak intensity Ip of the incoming light amounts to 1.75 MW/cm2 for square data points; 17.5 MW/cm2 for the open circles, and 57.8 MW/cm2 for the solid circles.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relative cross section of the nonlinear forward scattering: FNL (t 0) = [F(t 0)-F 0]/F 0 vs. the peak intensity of the excitation pulse. F(t 0) is given by (8), and F 0 is the linear (low intensity) scattering cross section. Circles, triangles, and diamonds correspond to different frequencies of the incident light at 2.83 eV, 2.865 eV, and 2.89 eV, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Relative scattering cross section of the probe beam in the forward direction vs. the probe frequency ω at pump intensity Ip = 17.5 MW/cm2 for (a) pulse-peak values and (b) pulse-average values. The three curves correspond to different frequencies of the pump radiation (the values indicated are in eV), and are the same frequencies as for Fig. 4

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal dependence of the relative displacement of particle #3 (dashed line, right axis) and #5 (solid line, left axis). The excitation is a 20-ns rectangular pulse with an intensity Ip = 17.5 MW/cm2.

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 0 ( r , t ) = E 0 ( r ) exp ( i ω t ) + c . c .
d i = α i ε h [ E 0 ( r i ) + i j N 3 n i j ( n i j d j ) φ i j d j ψ i j ε h r i j 3 ] , i = 1,2 , , N ,
r i j r i r j , r i j r i j , n i j = r i j / r i j ,
φ i j = [ 1 ikr i j ( kr ij ) 2 3 ] exp ( ikr i j ) , ψ i j = [ 1 ikr i j ( kr i j ) 2 ] exp ( ikr i j ) ,
m i r ̈ i + γ i r ˙ i = r i [ U 0 ( r 1 , , r N ) + U EM ( r 1 , , r N ) ] , i = 1,2 , , N ,
U EM ( r 1 , , r N ) = i = 1 N Re [ ( d i ( r 1 , , r N ) E 0 * ( r i ) ) ε h α i E 0 ( r i ) 2 ] .
U 0 = j 1 N U 0 i j ( r i , r j ) ,
U 0 i j = ( 1 2 ξ i j 2 3 ξ i j ) , ξ i j = Δ i j / a 1 ,
I ( t ) = c ε h 2 π E 0 2 = I p exp [ ( t t 0 τ p / 2 ) 2 ] ,
the absorbed power , P ( t ) = 2 ω ε h i = 1 N d t ( t ) 2 Im α i α i 2 ,
the scattering cross sec tion , F ( t ) f ( k / k ; t ) 2 E 0 2 ,
f ( s ; t ) = k 2 i = 1 N [ d i s ( d i s ) ] exp [ i k ( s r i ) ] .
F probe ( t ) = f P P ( k / k ; t ) 2 E 0 2 ,
f P P ( s ; t ) = k 2 i = 1 N { d i [ ω ; r i ( t , ω pump ) ] s ( d i [ ω ; r i ( t , ω pump ) s ] ) } exp [ i k ( s r i ) ]
F EM [ pN ] = 6 × 10 10 ε h ( a 1 a 2 ) 3 2 R 4 { a 1 3 + a 2 3 2 ( a 1 a 2 ) 3 2 2 ξ Re [ κ 2 κ ξ + 1 ]
( a 1 3 2 + a 2 3 2 ) 2 2 ξ Re [ κ 2 κ ξ 1 ] } I 0 [ W cm 2 ] ,

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