Abstract

A possibility to improve the thermal properties of holographic gratings in a photosensitive system based on polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and to enhance simultaneously the adhesion of the photopolymer to soda-lime glass is demonstrated. The modified PMMA was prepared by radical copolymerisation of methylmethacrylate (MMA) with acrylic acid (AA). Polymer films deposited from samples of the copolymer of MMA with AA containing 9,10-phenanthrenequinone additives were used as a photosensitive material for the recording of holographic gratings. It is possible to generate gratings that are thermally stable up to 200°C using this modified PMMA. Dynamic thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis and thermal mechanic analyses were used to determine the dependence of the thermal stability of the modified PMMA on the composition and the structure of its macromolecules.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. J. Steckman, I. O. Solomatine, G. Zhou, D. Psaltis, "Characterization ofphenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) forholographic memory",Opt. Lett. 23, 1310 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Forced Rayleigh scattering from non-harmonic gratings applied to complex diffusion processes in glass-forming liquids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 499 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Veniaminov, E. Bartsch, "Diffusional enhancement of holograms: phenanthrenequinone in polycarbonate", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 387 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Veniaminov, Yu. N. Sedunov, "Diffusion of Phenanthrenequinone in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Holographic Measurements", Vysokomol. Soedin. A 38, 59 (1996).
  7. Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Polymer and Dye Probe Diffusion in Poly(methyl methacrylate) below the Glass Transition Studied by Forced Rayleigh Scattering", Macromolecules 32, 1828 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Yu. V. Gritsay, V. V. Mogilny, "Polymer material for phase optical recording with diffusion enhancement", Letters to ZhTF 32, 20 (2006).
  11. J. M. Russo, C.-H. Chen, R. K. Kostuk, "Temperature dependence and characterization of gratings in PQ/PMMA holographic materials", SPIE 6335, 05 (2006).

2006 (2)

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Gritsay, V. V. Mogilny, "Polymer material for phase optical recording with diffusion enhancement", Letters to ZhTF 32, 20 (2006).

2004 (1)

Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, E. Bartsch, "Diffusional enhancement of holograms: phenanthrenequinone in polycarbonate", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Forced Rayleigh scattering from non-harmonic gratings applied to complex diffusion processes in glass-forming liquids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Polymer and Dye Probe Diffusion in Poly(methyl methacrylate) below the Glass Transition Studied by Forced Rayleigh Scattering", Macromolecules 32, 1828 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, Yu. N. Sedunov, "Diffusion of Phenanthrenequinone in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Holographic Measurements", Vysokomol. Soedin. A 38, 59 (1996).

Ashley, J.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bartsch, E.

A. V. Veniaminov, E. Bartsch, "Diffusional enhancement of holograms: phenanthrenequinone in polycarbonate", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bur, G. W.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-Z.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Coufal, H.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gritsay, Yu. V.

Yu. V. Gritsay, V. V. Mogilny, "Polymer material for phase optical recording with diffusion enhancement", Letters to ZhTF 32, 20 (2006).

Guenther, H.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hoffnagle, J. A.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hsiao, Y.-N.

Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K. Y.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeffersob, C. V.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kowarschik, R.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Sh. H.

Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mahilny, U. V.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marcus, B.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marmysh, D. N.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matusevich, V.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mogilny, V. V.

Yu. V. Gritsay, V. V. Mogilny, "Polymer material for phase optical recording with diffusion enhancement", Letters to ZhTF 32, 20 (2006).

Mumbru, J.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Steckman, I. O. Solomatine, G. Zhou, D. Psaltis, "Characterization ofphenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) forholographic memory",Opt. Lett. 23, 1310 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sedunov, Yu. N.

A. V. Veniaminov, Yu. N. Sedunov, "Diffusion of Phenanthrenequinone in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Holographic Measurements", Vysokomol. Soedin. A 38, 59 (1996).

Shelby, R. M.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sillescu, H.

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Forced Rayleigh scattering from non-harmonic gratings applied to complex diffusion processes in glass-forming liquids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Polymer and Dye Probe Diffusion in Poly(methyl methacrylate) below the Glass Transition Studied by Forced Rayleigh Scattering", Macromolecules 32, 1828 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sincerbox, G. T.

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Solomatine, I.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solomatine, I. O.

Stankevich, A. I.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steckman, G. J.

Tolstik, A. L.

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veniaminov, A. V.

A. V. Veniaminov, E. Bartsch, "Diffusional enhancement of holograms: phenanthrenequinone in polycarbonate", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Forced Rayleigh scattering from non-harmonic gratings applied to complex diffusion processes in glass-forming liquids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Polymer and Dye Probe Diffusion in Poly(methyl methacrylate) below the Glass Transition Studied by Forced Rayleigh Scattering", Macromolecules 32, 1828 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Veniaminov, Yu. N. Sedunov, "Diffusion of Phenanthrenequinone in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Holographic Measurements", Vysokomol. Soedin. A 38, 59 (1996).

Whang, W.-T.

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Whang, W-T.

Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

U. V. Mahilny, D. N. Marmysh, A. I. Stankevich, A. L. Tolstik, V. Matusevich, R. Kowarschik, "Holographic volume gratings in a glass-like polymer material", Appl. Phys. B 82, 299 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Forced Rayleigh scattering from non-harmonic gratings applied to complex diffusion processes in glass-forming liquids", Chem. Phys. Lett. 303, 499 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IBM J. Res. and Develop. (1)

J. Ashley, G. W. Bur, H. Coufal, H. Guenther, J. A. Hoffnagle, C. V. Jeffersob, B. Marcus, R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, G. T. Sincerbox, "Holographic data storage", IBM J. Res. and Develop. 44, 341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, E. Bartsch, "Diffusional enhancement of holograms: phenanthrenequinone in polycarbonate", J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 4, 387 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Letters to ZhTF (1)

Yu. V. Gritsay, V. V. Mogilny, "Polymer material for phase optical recording with diffusion enhancement", Letters to ZhTF 32, 20 (2006).

Macromolecules (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, H. Sillescu, "Polymer and Dye Probe Diffusion in Poly(methyl methacrylate) below the Glass Transition Studied by Forced Rayleigh Scattering", Macromolecules 32, 1828 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

J. Mumbru, I. Solomatine, D. Psaltis, Sh. H. Lin, K. Y. Hsu, W.-Z. Chen, W.-T. Whang, "Comparison of the recording dynamics of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) materials", Opt. Comm. 194, 103 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y.-N. Hsiao, W-T. Whang, Sh. H. Lin, "Analyses on physical mechanism of holographic recording in phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) hybrid materials", Opt. Eng. 43, 1993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Vysokomol. Soedin. A (1)

A. V. Veniaminov, Yu. N. Sedunov, "Diffusion of Phenanthrenequinone in Poly(methyl methacrylate): Holographic Measurements", Vysokomol. Soedin. A 38, 59 (1996).

Other (1)

J. M. Russo, C.-H. Chen, R. K. Kostuk, "Temperature dependence and characterization of gratings in PQ/PMMA holographic materials", SPIE 6335, 05 (2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme for recording (a) and reconstruction (b) of the grating in the polymer film layer

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical diffraction efficiency DE of the PMMA+PQ (a) and the copolymer of MMA+AA+PQ (b) versus recording time. The measurements are made with the accuracy of 5%

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized diffraction efficiency in dependence on time for different temperatures. Circles correspond to PMMA+PQ, squares to copolymer of MMA+AA+PQ. The measurements are made with the accuracy of 5%

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Thermo-mechanical contraction curves of the initial PMMA (1) and the copolymer of MMA with AA (2). The polymer deformation (x %) was measured by Poisson-needle

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Thermal gravimetric curves of the initial PMMA (1) and of the copolymer of MMA with AA (2)

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η = I out I in 100 % .
PQ + hv PQ *
PQ * + ~ RH HPQ· + ~R·
HPQ· + ~ ~RQPH
HPQ· + ~ ~ RQPH
and
HPQ· + HPQ· recombination products .

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