Abstract

An interoperable access network architecture based on a coarse array waveguide grating (AWG) is described, displaying dynamic wavelength assignment to manage the network load across multiple PONs. The multi-PON architecture utilizes coarse Gaussian channels of an AWG to facilitate scalability and smooth migration path between TDM and WDM PONs. Network simulations of a cross-operational protocol platform confirmed successful routing of individual PON clusters through 7 nm-wide passband windows of the AWG. Furthermore, polarization-dependent wavelength shift and phase errors of the device proved not to impose restrain on the routing performance. Optical transmission tests at 2.5 Gbit/s for distances up to 20 km are demonstrated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. ITU-T Recommendation: G.694.2, "Spectral Grids for WDM Applications: CWDM wavelength grid," (2002).
  4. J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).
  5. J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Tsalamanis, E. Rochat, and S. D. Walker, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded AWG access network featuring bi-directional transmission and polarization multiplexing," Opt. Express  12, 764-769 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, and J. M. Senior, "Multiple - PON access network architecture," in Proceedings of IEEE/IET conference on Access Technologies (Cambridge, UK, 2006), pp. 53-55.
  8. R. M. Craig, "Accurate spectral characterization of polarization-dependent loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  21, 432-437 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Wang, "Private communications," Fremont, CA: ANDevices, Inc, 2006.

2006 (2)

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

I. Tsalamanis, E. Rochat, and S. D. Walker, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded AWG access network featuring bi-directional transmission and polarization multiplexing," Opt. Express  12, 764-769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. M. Craig, "Accurate spectral characterization of polarization-dependent loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  21, 432-437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-G.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Álvarez, V. L.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arellano, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Blanchetière, C.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Bock, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Callender, C. L.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Chanclou, P.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Craig, R. M.

R. M. Craig, "Accurate spectral characterization of polarization-dependent loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  21, 432-437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Goh, T.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gosselin, S.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.-T.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Lee, C.-H.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noad, J. P.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Palacios, J. F.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-J.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-J.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rochat, E.

Smith, W.

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

Song, K.-H.

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsalamanis, I.

Walker, S. D.

Zouganeli, E.

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Comm. Mag. (1)

P. Chanclou, S. Gosselin, J. F. Palacios, V. L. Álvarez, and E. Zouganeli, "Overview of the Optical Broadband Access Evolution: A Joint Article by Operators in the IST Network of Excellence e-Photon/ONe," IEEE Comm. Mag.  44, 29-35, (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-Home Services Based on Wavelength-Division-Multiplexing Passive Optical Network (Invited)," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  22, 2582-2591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Craig, "Accurate spectral characterization of polarization-dependent loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  21, 432-437 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Goh, S. Suzuki, and A. Sugita, "Estimation of waveguide phase error in silica-based waveguides," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.  15, 2107-2113 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. Jiang, C. L. Callender, C. Blanchetière, J. P. Noad, S. Chen, J. Ballato, and J. D. W. Smith, "Arrayed waveguide gratings based on Perfluorocyclobutane Polymers for CWDM applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18, 250-252 (2006).

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Bock, "Optical network unit based on a bidirectional reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for fiber-to-the-home networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 250-253 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (3)

Y. Shachaf, P. Kourtessis, and J. M. Senior, "Multiple - PON access network architecture," in Proceedings of IEEE/IET conference on Access Technologies (Cambridge, UK, 2006), pp. 53-55.

A. Wang, "Private communications," Fremont, CA: ANDevices, Inc, 2006.

ITU-T Recommendation: G.694.2, "Spectral Grids for WDM Applications: CWDM wavelength grid," (2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Multi-PON network architecture

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PDL wavelength dependent

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Polarization-dependent wavelength shift of central channel

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured BER for upstream and downstream transmission

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Coarse and Dense channels allocation

Metrics