P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

O. Landry, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum teleportation over the Swisscom telecommunication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 398–403 (2007).

[CrossRef]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Mandel, “Quantum effects in one-photon and two-photon interference,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S274–S282 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S288–S297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Landry, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum teleportation over the Swisscom telecommunication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 398–403 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, “Generation of telecom-band indistinguishable photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), paper QTul4; H. Takesue, “1.5-μm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent optical fibers,” ibid., paper JTuA5.

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

O. Landry, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum teleportation over the Swisscom telecommunication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 398–403 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, “Generation of telecom-band indistinguishable photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), paper QTul4; H. Takesue, “1.5-μm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent optical fibers,” ibid., paper JTuA5.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, “Generation of telecom-band indistinguishable photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), paper QTul4; H. Takesue, “1.5-μm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent optical fibers,” ibid., paper JTuA5.

L. Mandel, “Quantum effects in one-photon and two-photon interference,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S274–S282 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, “Generation of telecom-band indistinguishable photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), paper QTul4; H. Takesue, “1.5-μm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent optical fibers,” ibid., paper JTuA5.

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

O. Landry, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum teleportation over the Swisscom telecommunication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 398–403 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Landry, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum teleportation over the Swisscom telecommunication network,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 398–403 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S288–S297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths,” Nature 421, 509–513 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, “A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics,” Nature 409, 46–52 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T.-G. Noh, H. Kim, C. J. Youn, S.-B. Cho, J. Hong, T. Zyung, and J. Kim, “Noncollinear correlated photon pair source in the 1550 nm telecommunication band,” Opt. Express 14, 2805–2810 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-7-2805.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, J. A. W. van Houwelingen, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Long-distance entanglement swapping with photons from separated sources,” Phys. Rev. A, 71, 050302(R) (2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Halder, S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, A. Beveratos, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Photon-bunching measurement after two 25-km-long optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 042335 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. de Riedmatten, I. Marcikic, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, D. Collins, and N. Gisin, “Long distance quantum teleportation in a quantum relay configuration,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 047904 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Mandel, “Quantum effects in one-photon and two-photon interference,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S274–S282 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Zeilinger, “Experiment and the foundations of quantum physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S288–S297 (1999).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).

Note that the effects of accidental coincidences can be reduced by decreasing the pump power (Ref. [15]).

J. Chen, K. F. Lee, and P. Kumar, “Generation of telecom-band indistinguishable photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies 2007 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2007), paper QTul4; H. Takesue, “1.5-μm band Hong-Ou-Mandel experiment using photon pairs generated in two independent optical fibers,” ibid., paper JTuA5.