Abstract

We report on the continuous-wave operation of a band edge laser at room temperature near 1.55 μm in an InGaAs/InP photonic crystal. A flat dispersion band-edge photonic mode is used for surface normal operation. The photonic crystal slab is integrated onto a Silicon chip by means of Au/In bonding technology, which combines two advantages, efficient heat sinking and broad band reflectivity.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity,” Opt. Express 14, 6308–6315 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [PubMed]
  17. G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. H. Altug and J. Vučković, “Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser,” Opt. Express 13, 8819–8828 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (6)

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Nötzel, and M. Smit, “Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 14, 8154–8159 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity,” Opt. Express 14, 6308–6315 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, “Momentum space design of high-Q photonic crystal optical cavities” Opt. Express 10, 670–684 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

Arakawa, Y.

Aspar, B.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

Bagheri, M.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bakir, B. Ben

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Berg, E.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bhattacharya, P.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, J. R.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Choi, S-J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cioccio, L. Di

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cojocaru, C.

Dainese, M.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dapkus, P. D.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dion, J.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, A. W.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gendry, M.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gratiet, L. Le

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guilet, S.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

Han, I. Y.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. S.

C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hollinger, G.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hu, C.

C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hwang, J. K.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Imada, M.

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ishida, S.

Iwamoto, S.

Jalaguier, E.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jang, D. H.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jones, R.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiene, M.

C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kochman, B.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kuang, W.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kumagai, N.

Laere, F. Van

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, K-H.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Leroy, L.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Letartre, X.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Levenson, A.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Monnier, P.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakata, Y.

Noda, S.

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nomura, M.

Nötzel, R.

O’Brien, J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohnishi, D.

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

Okano, T.

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

Oudar, J.-L.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, “Momentum space design of high-Q photonic crystal optical cavities” Opt. Express 10, 670–684 (2002).
[PubMed]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pang, S.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M. J.

Park, H.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, H. K.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pocas, S.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qasaimeh, O.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Raineri, F.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raj, R.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ryu, H. Y.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sabarinathan, J.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sagnes, I.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Smit, M.

Song, D. S.

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, K.

Strassner, M.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Symonds, C.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

Talneau, A.

Thourhout, D. Van

Vecchi, G.

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viktorovitch, P.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, R. Raj, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Tuning a two-dimensional photonic crystal resonance via optical carrier injection,” Opt. Lett. 30, 64–66 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vuckovic, J.

Watanabe, K.

Wei, Z-J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yacomotti, A. M.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W. D.

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zussy, M.

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP two-dimensional photonic crystal on silicon: In-plane Bloch mode laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 5102–5104 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, M. Zussy, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “Surface-emitting microlaser combining two-dimensional photonic crystal membrane and vertical Bragg mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, and J. M. Fedeli, “All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Hu, M. Kiene, and P. S. Ho, “Thermal conductivity and interfacial thermal resistance of polymeric low k films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4121–4123 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (4)

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, I. Sagnes, K-H. Lee, S. Guilet, L. Le Gratiet, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, A. Levenson, and R. Raj, “Photonic-crystal surface-emitting laser near 1.55 μm on gold-coated silicon wafer,” Electron. Lett. 43, 343–345 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy, and J.-L. Oudar, “High performance 1.55 μm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror,” Electron. Lett. 40, 734–735 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Continuous wave operation of surface emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal laser,” Electron. Lett. 39, 612–614 (2003).
[Crossref]

W. D. Zhou, J. Sabarinathan, B. Kochman, E. Berg, O. Qasaimeh, S. Pang, and P. Bhattacharya, “Electrically injected single-defect photonic bandgap surface-emitting laser at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 36, 1541–1542 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. K. Hwang, H. Y. Ryu, D. S. Song, I. Y. Han, H. K. Park, D. H. Jang, and Y. H. Lee, “Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 μm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295–1297 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z-J. Wei, S-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, “Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4–6 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “A continuous-wave hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon evanescent laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143–1145 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14, 9203–9210 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Nötzel, and M. Smit, “Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express 14, 8154–8159 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, “Momentum space design of high-Q photonic crystal optical cavities” Opt. Express 10, 670–684 (2002).
[PubMed]

G. Vecchi, F. Raineri, K-H. Lee, I. Sagnes, A. Talneau, L. Le Gratiet, S. Guilet, A. Levenson, R. Raj, F. Van Laere, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “High contrast reflection modulation near 1.55μm in InP 2D photonic crystals on silicon wafer,” Opt. Express 15, 1254–1260 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Altug and J. Vučković, “Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser,” Opt. Express 13, 8819–8828 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ohnishi, T. Okano, M. Imada, and S. Noda, “Room temperature continuous wave operation of a surface-emitting two-dimensional photonic crystal diode laser,” Opt. Express 12, 1562–1568 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, K. Watanabe, N. Kumagai, Y. Nakata, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Room temperature continuous-wave lasing in photonic crystal nanocavity,” Opt. Express 14, 6308–6315 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, “Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser,” Science 284, 1819–1821 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Schematic hetero-structure. (b) SEM top image of the PhC structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). 2D photonic band calculation. The arrow indicates the mode of interest. (b) Hz field component associated with the mode at the Γ point for a/λ = 0.263 (a = agraphite/√3). The circles represent the air holes of the graphite lattice. Red and blue colors corresponds to positive and negative values, respectively. Light blue indicates the field antinodes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Lasing spectrum under CW optical excitation at room temperature. (b) Zoom in of the laser spectrum. (c) Far field emission pattern.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Laser output power at ≈1586 nm as a function of the CW excitation power. (b) Linewidth of emission for different values of excitation power. (c) Peak wavelength versus the excitation power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Laser intensity spectra under CW (red line) and pulsed (black line) excitation. (b) Far field emission pattern of pulsed PhC laser.

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