Abstract

We present a systematic study of optical antenna arrays, in which the effects of coupling between the antennas, as well as of the antenna length, on the reflection spectra are investigated and compared. Such arrays can be fabricated on the facet of a fiber, and we propose a photonic device, a plasmonic optical antenna fiber probe, that can potentially be used for in-situ chemical and biological detection and surface-enhanced Raman scattering.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, "Spectral response of plasmon resonant nanoparticles with a non-regular shape," Opt. Express 6, 213-219 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, "Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 26, 1096-1098 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants (Academic, 1985).
  26. C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2007

M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, "Retardation-induced plasmon resonances in coupled nanoparticles," Opt. Lett. 26, 1096-1098 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kottmann and O. J. F. Martin, "Spectral response of plasmon resonant nanoparticles with a non-regular shape," Opt. Express 6, 213-219 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adam, P. M.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Aubard, J.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F.R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barchiesi, D.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bijeon, J. L.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Billot, L.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boreman, G.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Conley, N. R.

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cubukcu, E.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Danckwerts, M.

M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deckert, V.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dieringer, J. A.

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Durant, S.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Félidj, N.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fromm, D. P.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grand, J.

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Grimault, A. S.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gunnarsson, L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haynes, C. L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jin, R.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Käll, M.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasemo, B.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kinkhabwala, A.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G.S.

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kort, E. A.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kottmann, J. P.

Krenn, J. R.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J.R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamprecht, B.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lamy de la Chapelle, M.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Lau Truong, S.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurent, G.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lévi, G.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Malinsky, M. D.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

McFarland, A. D.

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mirkin, C. A.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moerland, R. J.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moerner, W. E.

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monacelli, B.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prikulis, J.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Puscasu, I.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rechberger, W.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Salerno, M.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schaich, W. L.

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schider, G.

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P. J.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sherry, L. J.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Steele, J. M.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stöckle, R. M.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. H.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suh, Y. D.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vial, A.

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Wei, A.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Q. H.

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Y.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, M. A.

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zenobi, R.

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L.

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zou, S. L.

S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier and F. Capasso, "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

S. L. Zou and G. C. Schatz, "Silver nanoparticle array structures that produce giant enhancements in electromagnetic fields," Chem. Phys. Lett. 403, 62-67 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Billot, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, A. S. Grimault, A. Vial, D. Barchiesi, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, "Surface enhanced Raman scattering on gold nanowire arrays: Evidence of strong multipolar surface plasmon resonance enhancement," Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 303-307 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Stöckle, Y. D. Suh, V. Deckert, R. Zenobi, "Nanoscale chemical analysis by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy," Chem. Phys. Lett. 318, 131-136 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, A. Kinkhabwala, P. J. Schuck, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Exploring the chemical enhancement for surface-enhanced Raman scattering with Au bowtie nanoantennas," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 061101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Gold particle interaction in regular arrays probed by surface enhanced Raman scattering," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 7141-7146 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem B

K. H. Su, S. Durant, J. M. Steele, Y. Xiong, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, "Wavelength-scanned surface-enhanced Raman excitation spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem B 110, 3964-3968 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B

A. D. McFarland, M. A. Young, J. A. Dieringer, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Wavelength-Scanned Surface-Enhanced Raman Excitation Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 11279-11285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Nanosphere Lithography: Effect of substrate on the localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectrum of Silver Nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 2343-2350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes, A. D. McFarland, L. Zhao, R. P. Van Duyne, G. C. Schatz, L. Gunnarsson, J. Prikulis, B. Kasemo, and M. Käll, "Nanoparticle Optics: The Importance of Radiative Dipole Coupling in Two-Dimensional Nanoparticle Arrays," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 7337-7342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

T. H. Taminiau, R. J. Moerland, F. B. Segerink, L. Kuipers, and N. F. van Hulst, "l/4 Resonance of an Optical Monopole Antenna probed by single molecule fluorescence," Nano Lett. 7, 28-33 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, S. Lau Truong, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Imaging surface plasmon of gold nanoparticle arrays by far-field Raman scattering," Nano Lett. 5, 253-258 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Wei, "Resonant field enhancements from metal nanoparticle arrays," Nano Lett. 4, 153-158 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Sundaramurthy, P. J. Schuck, N. R. Conley, D. P. Fromm, G.S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, "Toward Nanometer-Scale Optical Photolithography: Utilizing the Near-Field of Bowtie Optical Nanoantennas," Nano Lett. 6, 355-360 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Su, Q. H. Wei, X. Zhang, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, "Interparticle coupling effects on plasmon resonances of nanogold particles," Nano Lett. 3, 1087-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Wei, K. H. Su, S. Durant, and X. Zhang, "Plasmon resonance of finite one-dimensional au nanoparticle chains," Nano Lett. 4,1067-1071 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms," Nano Lett. 6, 2060-2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, "Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires," Phys. Rev. B 68, 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, M. Salerno, G. Schider, B. Lamprecht, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Laurent, N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Evidence of multipolar excitations in surface enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045430 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, "Optical frequency mixing at coupled gold nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 026104 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants (Academic, 1985).

J. Grand, M. Lamy de la Chapelle, J. L. Bijeon, P. M. Adam, A. Vial, and P. Royer, "Role of localized surface plasmons in surface-enhanced Raman scattering of shape-controlled metallic particles in regular arrays," Phys. Rev. B 72, 033407 (2005)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of proposed fiber device and its integration into a measurement setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Results of simulations of resonances for various coupling regimes of the antenna arrays. (a) the gap along the long axis of the rods is changed. As the gap increases from 20 to 50 to 100 nm (red, green and blue curves respectively), a blue-shift occurs. The purple curve, exhibiting a red-shift, shows a resonance when the gap is 400 nm. (b) red shift of the resonant wavelength as the gaps between the rods along their short axis is increased from 20 nm (red), 50 nm (green), 100 nm (blue), to 200 nm (purple). The resonance red-shift in (c) results from increases in the nanorods’ length from 80 to 120 nm. (d) geometry of the nanorods arrays.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) electric field intensity enhancement at a wavelength of 862 nm. The rods correspond to the red curve in Fig. 2(a), and are 140 nm × 60 nm, separated by a Y-gap of 20 nm and a X-gap of 120nm. (b) micrograph of an array of gold nanorods fabricated on ITO coated glass slides with electron-beam lithography.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured resonances for various coupling regimes. (a) the gap along the long axis of the rods is changed. A blue-shift occurs as the gap increases from 20 to 50 to 100 nm (red, green and blue lines respectively). The purple line shows a resonance from a gap of 400 nm. The resonance is red-shifted as the gap becomes large enough for the rods to undergo phase retardation. (b) red shift of the resonant wavelength as the gaps between the rods along their short axis is increased from 20 nm (red), 50 nm (green), 100 nm (blue), to 200 nm (purple). (c) red-shift due to increases in the rod length (80 nm to 120 nm), while the rod-to-rod spacing is held constant. The resonance red-shift in (d) is induced by changing the refractive index of the media surrounding the rods from 1.0 (red), to 1.35 (green) to 1.46 (blue).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of experimentally measured shifts in the peak of resonant wavelength. Shifts due to changes in the gaps between the rods are shown on the axis on the left. In red are shifts due to gap changes in the y direction, and in blue the shifts due to changes in the x direction. The green curve shows shifts in resonance due to changes in nanorod length.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Facet of a fiber on which an array of coupled nanorods has been fabricated (a). (b) detailed view of the nanorods in the array. Scale bars are 20 μm and 200 nm, respectively.

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