Abstract

The Global Aerosol Climatology Project data product based on analyses of channel 1 and 2 AVHRR radiances shows significant regional changes in the retrieved optical thickness of tropospheric aerosols which had occurred between the volcano-free periods 1988–91 and 2002–05. These trends appear to be generally plausible, are consistent with extensive sets of long-term ground-based observations throughout the world, and may increase the trustworthiness of the recently identified downward trend in the global tropospheric aerosol load.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007 (11)

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wild, A. Ohmura, and K. Makowski, "Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L04702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Stanhill, "A perspective on global warming, dimming, and brightening," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 88, 58 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

J. R. Norris and M. Wild, "Trends in aerosol radiative effects over Europe inferred from observed cloud cover, solar "dimming," and solar "brightening,"J. Geophys. Res. 112, D08214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Stern, "Reversal of the trend in global anthropogenic sulfur emissions," Global Environ. Change 16, 207-220 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Streets, Y. Wu, and M. Chin, "Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L15806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Carboni, "GOME aerosol optical depth retrieval over ocean: correcting for the effects of residual cloud contamination," Atmos. Environ. 40, 6975-6987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ohmura, "Observed long-term variations of solar irradiance at the Earth’s surface," Space Sci. Rev. 125, 111-128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (8)

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Pinker, B. Zhang, and E. G. Dutton, "Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation?" Science 308, 850-854 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Olsson, L. Eklundh, and J. Ardö, "A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes," J. Arid Environ. 63, 556-566 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Herrmann, A. Anyamba, and C. J. Tucker, "Recent trends in vegetation dynamics in the African Sahel and their relationship to climate," Global Environ. Change 15, 394-404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. I. Mishchenko, "Effects of aggregation on scattering and radiative properties of soot aerosols," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D11211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (6)

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Schwartz, "Uncertainty requirements in radiative forcing of climate change," J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 54, 1351-1359 (2004).

Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, B. Henderson, and M. Mishchenko, "Satellite based retrieval of aerosol optical thickness: the effect of sun and satellite geometry," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Poole, D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick, "CALIPSO: global aerosol and cloud observations from lidar and passive instruments," Proc. SPIE 4881, 419-426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ignatov and N. R. Nalli, "Aerosol retrievals from multi-year multi-satellite AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) dataset for correcting remotely sensed sea surface temperatures," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 1986-2008 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. I. Terez and G. A. Terez, "Investigation of atmospheric transmission in the Crimea (Ukraine) in the twentieth century," J. Appl. Meteorol. 41, 1060-1063 (2002).

2001 (1)

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, "Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle," Science 294, 2119 - 2124 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Wang, S. Bailey, C. R. McClain, "SeaWiFS provides unique global aerosol optical property data," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 81, 197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Rossow and R. A. Schiffer, "Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2261-2287 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

C. L. Brest, W. B. Rossow, and M. D. Roiter, "Update of radiance calibration for ISCCP," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 14, 1091-1109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, "Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989-17013 (1997). http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/brf.
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method for modeling non-grey gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, "Light scattering in planetary atmospheres," Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527-610 (1974).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek and J. Coakley, "Aerosols and climate," Science 183, 75-77 (1974).

Akimoto, H.

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Anyamba, A.

S. M. Herrmann, A. Anyamba, and C. J. Tucker, "Recent trends in vegetation dynamics in the African Sahel and their relationship to climate," Global Environ. Change 15, 394-404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ardö, J.

L. Olsson, L. Eklundh, and J. Ardö, "A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes," J. Arid Environ. 63, 556-566 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S.

M. Wang, S. Bailey, C. R. McClain, "SeaWiFS provides unique global aerosol optical property data," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 81, 197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Balkanski, Y.

C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bellouin, N.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berglen, T. F.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berntsen, T. K.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bhartia, P. K.

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boucher, O.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bréon, F.-M.

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brest, C. L.

C. L. Brest, W. B. Rossow, and M. D. Roiter, "Update of radiance calibration for ISCCP," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 14, 1091-1109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burg, R.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cairns, B.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Campanelli, M.

C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

Carboni, E.

E. Carboni, "GOME aerosol optical depth retrieval over ocean: correcting for the effects of residual cloud contamination," Atmos. Environ. 40, 6975-6987 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, B. E.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chédin, A.

C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M.

D. G. Streets, Y. Wu, and M. Chin, "Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L15806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhary, J.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, D. A.

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, C. C.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chýlek, P.

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, B. Henderson, and M. Mishchenko, "Satellite based retrieval of aerosol optical thickness: the effect of sun and satellite geometry," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek and J. Coakley, "Aerosols and climate," Science 183, 75-77 (1974).

Coakley, J.

P. Chýlek and J. Coakley, "Aerosols and climate," Science 183, 75-77 (1974).

Crean, K. A.

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Crutzen, P. J.

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, "Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle," Science 294, 2119 - 2124 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deusé, J. L.

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Di Carmine, C.

C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

Diehl, T. L.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diner, D. J.

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dubey, M.

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, E. G.

R. T. Pinker, B. Zhang, and E. G. Dutton, "Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation?" Science 308, 850-854 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eklundh, L.

L. Olsson, L. Eklundh, and J. Ardö, "A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes," J. Arid Environ. 63, 556-566 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Erokhina, A. E.

E. V. Gorbarenko, A. E. Erokhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Multiyear changes of aerosol optical thickness in Russia," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 41-48 (2006).

Ershov, O. A.

L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fafaul, B. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fagerli, H.

V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feichter, J.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Forgan, B.

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaitley, B. J.

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Geogdzhayev, I.

L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Geogdzhayev, I. V.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
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Giles, D.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gilgen, H.

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ginoux, P.

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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Goloub, P.

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
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Goodrum, G. P.

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
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Gorbarenko, E. V.

E. V. Gorbarenko, A. E. Erokhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Multiyear changes of aerosol optical thickness in Russia," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 41-48 (2006).

Grini, A.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
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Gushchin, G. K.

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
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J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, "Light scattering in planetary atmospheres," Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527-610 (1974).
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Harrod, E. D.

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaka, T.

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
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Henderson, B.

P. Chýlek, B. Henderson, and M. Mishchenko, "Satellite based retrieval of aerosol optical thickness: the effect of sun and satellite geometry," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1533 (2003).
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Herman, J. R.

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Herman, M.

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, S. M.

S. M. Herrmann, A. Anyamba, and C. J. Tucker, "Recent trends in vegetation dynamics in the African Sahel and their relationship to climate," Global Environ. Change 15, 394-404 (2005).
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Herzog, M.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Higurashi, A.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B.

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, R. J.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horii, N.

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hovenier, J. W.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ichoku, C.

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ignatov, A.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
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A. Ignatov and N. R. Nalli, "Aerosol retrievals from multi-year multi-satellite AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) dataset for correcting remotely sensed sea surface temperatures," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 1986-2008 (2002).
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Isaksen, I. S. A.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itchkawich, T.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnsrud, M.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kabanov, D. M.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
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Kahn, R.

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, R. A.

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kallis, A.

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaufman, Y. F.

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kidwell, K. B.

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiehl, J. T.

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, "Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle," Science 294, 2119 - 2124 (2001).
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Kleidman, R. G.

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koch, D.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kopelevich, O. V.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, G.

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kucsera, T. L.

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, J.

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
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Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
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A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method for modeling non-grey gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9063 (1991).
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Land, C.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lapyonok, T.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
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Leon, J.-F.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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Liu, L.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
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L. Liu and M. I. Mishchenko, "Effects of aggregation on scattering and radiative properties of soot aerosols," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D11211 (2005).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
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L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
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Lohmann, U.

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
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Lukin, A. B.

E. V. Gorbarenko, A. E. Erokhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Multiyear changes of aerosol optical thickness in Russia," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 41-48 (2006).

E. L. Makhotkina, I. N. Plakhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Some features of atmospheric turbidity change over the Russian territory in the last quarter of the 20th century," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 20-27 (2005).

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C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

Makhotkina, E. L.

E. L. Makhotkina, I. N. Plakhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Some features of atmospheric turbidity change over the Russian territory in the last quarter of the 20th century," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 20-27 (2005).

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M. Wild, A. Ohmura, and K. Makowski, "Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L04702 (2007).
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P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
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Martins, J. V.

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
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R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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M. Wang, S. Bailey, C. R. McClain, "SeaWiFS provides unique global aerosol optical property data," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 81, 197 (2000).
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L. R. Poole, D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick, "CALIPSO: global aerosol and cloud observations from lidar and passive instruments," Proc. SPIE 4881, 419-426 (2003).
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Medina-Elizade, M.

J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mishchenko, M.

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
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P. Chýlek, B. Henderson, and M. Mishchenko, "Satellite based retrieval of aerosol optical thickness: the effect of sun and satellite geometry," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1533 (2003).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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Mishchenko, M. I.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
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L. Liu and M. I. Mishchenko, "Effects of aggregation on scattering and radiative properties of soot aerosols," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D11211 (2005).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
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Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
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L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
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M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, "Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989-17013 (1997). http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/brf.
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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Myhre, G.

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
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V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
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Nakajima, T.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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A. Ignatov and N. R. Nalli, "Aerosol retrievals from multi-year multi-satellite AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) dataset for correcting remotely sensed sea surface temperatures," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 1986-2008 (2002).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
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Ohmura, A.

M. Wild, A. Ohmura, and K. Makowski, "Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L04702 (2007).
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A. Ohmura, "Observed long-term variations of solar irradiance at the Earth’s surface," Space Sci. Rev. 125, 111-128 (2006).
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M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
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Oinas, V.

Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
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A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method for modeling non-grey gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9063 (1991).
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L. Olsson, L. Eklundh, and J. Ardö, "A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes," J. Arid Environ. 63, 556-566 (2005).
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Pelon, J. R.

L. R. Poole, D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick, "CALIPSO: global aerosol and cloud observations from lidar and passive instruments," Proc. SPIE 4881, 419-426 (2003).
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Penner, J. E.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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Pierangelo, C.

C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
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Pinker, R. T.

R. T. Pinker, B. Zhang, and E. G. Dutton, "Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation?" Science 308, 850-854 (2005).
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Pitari, G.

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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Plakhina, I. N.

E. L. Makhotkina, I. N. Plakhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Some features of atmospheric turbidity change over the Russian territory in the last quarter of the 20th century," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 20-27 (2005).

Poole, L. R.

L. R. Poole, D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick, "CALIPSO: global aerosol and cloud observations from lidar and passive instruments," Proc. SPIE 4881, 419-426 (2003).
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Reis, S.

V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Remer, L.

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
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C. L. Brest, W. B. Rossow, and M. D. Roiter, "Update of radiance calibration for ISCCP," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 14, 1091-1109 (1997).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
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Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
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W. B. Rossow and R. A. Schiffer, "Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2261-2287 (1999).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, W. B. Rossow, and A. A. Lacis, "Aerosol retrievals over the ocean by use of channels 1 and 2 AVHRR data: sensitivity analysis and preliminary results," Appl. Opt. 38, 7325-7341 (1999).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
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M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
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L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
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J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
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W. B. Rossow and R. A. Schiffer, "Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2261-2287 (1999).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
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Slursker, I.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
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A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
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L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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D. G. Streets, Y. Wu, and M. Chin, "Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L15806 (2006).
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G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
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Terez, G. A.

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
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C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

Torres, O.

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
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Travis, L. D.

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
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M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
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S. M. Herrmann, A. Anyamba, and C. J. Tucker, "Recent trends in vegetation dynamics in the African Sahel and their relationship to climate," Global Environ. Change 15, 394-404 (2005).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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Veihelmann, B.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
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V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
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C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

Volten, H.

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
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D. G. Streets, Y. Wu, and M. Chin, "Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L15806 (2006).
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T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
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T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
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O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
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J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
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Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (2)

T. Ohara, H. Akimoto, J. Kurokawa, N. Horii, K. Yamaji, X. Yan, and T. Hayasaka, "An Asian emission inventory of anthropogenic emission sources for the period 1980-2020," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 6843-6902 (2007).
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V. Vestreng, G. Myhre, H. Fagerli, S. Reis, and L. Tarrasón, "Twenty-five years of continuous sulphur dioxide emission reduction in Europe," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 7, 5099-5143 (2007).
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Atmos. Environ. (1)

E. Carboni, "GOME aerosol optical depth retrieval over ocean: correcting for the effects of residual cloud contamination," Atmos. Environ. 40, 6975-6987 (2006).
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Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. (2)

W. B. Rossow and R. A. Schiffer, "Advances in understanding clouds from ISCCP," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 80, 2261-2287 (1999).
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M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, G. Kopp, C. F. Schueler, B. A. Fafaul, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Hooker, T. Itchkawich, H. B. Maring, and L. D. Travis, "Accurate monitoring of terrestrial aerosols and total solar irradiance: introducing the Glory mission," Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc. 88, No. 5, in press (2007).
[CrossRef]

EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union (2)

G. Stanhill, "A perspective on global warming, dimming, and brightening," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 88, 58 (2007).
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M. Wang, S. Bailey, C. R. McClain, "SeaWiFS provides unique global aerosol optical property data," EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union 81, 197 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (5)

C. Pierangelo, M. Mishchenko, Y. Balkanski, and A. Chédin, "Retrieving the effective radius of Saharan dust coarse mode from AIRS," Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L20813 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, B. Henderson, and M. Mishchenko, "Satellite based retrieval of aerosol optical thickness: the effect of sun and satellite geometry," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Streets, Y. Wu, and M. Chin, "Two-decadal aerosol trends as a likely explanation of the global dimming/brightening transition," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L15806 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Wild, A. Ohmura, and K. Makowski, "Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L04702 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, I. Slutsker, M. Chin, T. L. Diehl, L. A. Remer, R. Kahn, A. Ignatov, L. Liu, M. Mishchenko, T. F. Eck, T. L. Kucsera, D. Giles, and O. V. Kopelevich, "Ship-based aerosol optical depth measurements in the Atlantic Ocean: comparison with satellite retrievals and GOCART model," Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L14817 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Global Environ. Change (2)

S. M. Herrmann, A. Anyamba, and C. J. Tucker, "Recent trends in vegetation dynamics in the African Sahel and their relationship to climate," Global Environ. Change 15, 394-404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. I. Stern, "Reversal of the trend in global anthropogenic sulfur emissions," Global Environ. Change 16, 207-220 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deusé, M. Herman, A. Marchand, and F.-M. Bréon, "Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586-1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

A. Ignatov, I. Laszlo, E. D. Harrod, K. B. Kidwell, and G. P. Goodrum, "Equator crossing times for NOAA, ERS and EOS sun-synchronous satellites," Int. J. Remote Sens. 25, 5255-5266 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. (1)

S. E. Schwartz, "Uncertainty requirements in radiative forcing of climate change," J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 54, 1351-1359 (2004).

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

E. I. Terez and G. A. Terez, "Investigation of atmospheric transmission in the Crimea (Ukraine) in the twentieth century," J. Appl. Meteorol. 41, 1060-1063 (2002).

J. Arid Environ. (1)

L. Olsson, L. Eklundh, and J. Ardö, "A recent greening of the Sahel—trends, patterns and potential causes," J. Arid Environ. 63, 556-566 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. (2)

A. Ignatov and N. R. Nalli, "Aerosol retrievals from multi-year multi-satellite AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) dataset for correcting remotely sensed sea surface temperatures," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 19, 1986-2008 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Brest, W. B. Rossow, and M. D. Roiter, "Update of radiance calibration for ISCCP," J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol. 14, 1091-1109 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (4)

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, and A. A. Lacis, "Global two-channel AVHRR retrievals of aerosol properties over the ocean for the period of NOAA-9 observations and preliminary retrievals using NOAA-7 and NOAA-11 data," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 262-278 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Remer, Y. F. Kaufman, D. Tanré, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R.-R. Li, C. Ichoku, R. C. Levy, R. G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben, "The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation," J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 947-973 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Penner, S. Y. Zhang, M. Chin, C. C. Chuang, J. Feichter, Y. Feng, I. V. Geogdzhayev, P. Ginoux, M. Herzog, A. Higurashi, D. Koch, C. Land, U. Lohmann, M. Mishchenko, T. Nakajima, G. Pitari, B. Soden, I. Tegen, and L. Stowe, "A comparison of model- and satellite-derived aerosol optical depth and reflectivity," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 441-460 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Torres, P. K. Bhartia, J. R. Herman, A. Sinyuk, P. Ginoux, and B. Holben, "A long-term record of aerosol optical depth from TOMS observations and comparison to AERONET measurements," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 398-413 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (9)

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, E. I. Terez, G. A. Terez, and G. K. Gushchin, "Regional advanced very high resolution radiometer-derived climatology of aerosol optical thickness and size," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D23205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko and L. D. Travis, "Satellite retrieval of aerosol properties over the ocean using polarization as well as intensity of reflected sunlight," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16989-17013 (1997). http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/brf.
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method for modeling non-grey gaseous absorption, thermal emission, and multiple scattering in vertically inhomogeneous atmospheres," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9063 (1991).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu and M. I. Mishchenko, "Effects of aggregation on scattering and radiative properties of soot aerosols," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D11211 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Sinyuk, T. Lapyonok, B. N. Holben, M. Mishchenko, P. Yang, T. F. Eck, H. Volten, O. Muñoz, B. Veihelmann, W. J. van der Zande, J.-F. Leon, M. Sorokin, and I. Slursker, "Application of spheroid models to account for aerosol particle nonsphericity in remote sensing of desert dust," J. Geophys. Res. 111, D11208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, W. B. Rossow, A. A. Lacis, V. Oinas, and M. I. Mishchenko, "Calculation of radiation fluxes from the surface to top of atmosphere based on ISCCP and other global data sets: refinements of the radiative transfer model and the input data," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Tomasi, V. Vitale, A. Lupi, C. Di Carmine, and M. Campanelli, "Aerosols in polar regions," J. Geophys. Res., in press (2007).

J. R. Norris and M. Wild, "Trends in aerosol radiative effects over Europe inferred from observed cloud cover, solar "dimming," and solar "brightening,"J. Geophys. Res. 112, D08214 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Chýlek, U. Lohmann, M. Dubey, M. Mishchenko, and R. Kahn, "Limits on climate sensitivity derived from recent satellite and surface observations," J. Geophys. Res., submitted (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (5)

L. Liu, M. I. Mishchenko, I. Geogdzhayev, A. Smirnov, S. M. Sakerin, D. M. Kabanov, and O. A. Ershov, "Global validation of two-channel AVHRR aerosol optical thickness retrievals over the oceans," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 97-109 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, L. Liu, J. A. Ogren, A. A. Lacis, W. B. Rossow, J. W. Hovenier, H. Volten, and O. Muñoz, "Aerosol retrievals from AVHRR radiances: effects of particle nonsphericity and absorption and an updated long-term global climatology of aerosol properties," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 79/80, 953-972 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Geogdzhayev, M. I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, "Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 47-59 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, B. Cairns, J. E. Hansen, L. D. Travis, R. Burg, Y. J. Kaufman, J. V. Martins, and E. P. Shettle, "Monitoring of aerosol forcing of climate from space: analysis of measurement requirements," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 88, 149-161 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, J. Chowdhary, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, W. B. Rossow, and L. D. Travis, "Past, present, and future of global aerosol climatologies derived from satellite observations: a perspective," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 106, 325-347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. Ruedy, K. Lo, D. W. Lea, and M. Medina-Elizade, "Global temperature change," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 14288-14293 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. R. Poole, D. M. Winker, J. R. Pelon, and M. P. McCormick, "CALIPSO: global aerosol and cloud observations from lidar and passive instruments," Proc. SPIE 4881, 419-426 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (5)

M. I. Mishchenko, I. V. Geogdzhayev, W. B. Rossow, B. Cairns, B. E. Carlson, A. A. Lacis, L. Liu, and L. D. Travis, "Long-term satellite record reveals likely recent aerosol trend," Science 315, 1543 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Chýlek and J. Coakley, "Aerosols and climate," Science 183, 75-77 (1974).

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, "Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle," Science 294, 2119 - 2124 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wild, H. Gilgen, A. Roesch, A. Ohmura, C. N. Long, E. G. Dutton, B. Forgan, A. Kallis, V. Russak, and A. Tsvetkov, "From dimming to brightening: decadal changes in solar radiation at Earth’s surface," Science 308, 847-850 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Pinker, B. Zhang, and E. G. Dutton, "Do satellites detect trends in surface solar radiation?" Science 308, 850-854 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Space Sci. Rev. (2)

A. Ohmura, "Observed long-term variations of solar irradiance at the Earth’s surface," Space Sci. Rev. 125, 111-128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hansen and L. D. Travis, "Light scattering in planetary atmospheres," Space Sci. Rev. 16, 527-610 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tellus B (1)

G. Myhre, N. Bellouin, T. F. Berglen, T. K. Berntsen, O. Boucher, A. Grini, I. S. A. Isaksen, M. Johnsrud, M. I. Mishchenko, F. Stordal, and D. Tanré, "Comparison of the radiative properties and direct radiative effect of aerosols from a global aerosol model and remote sensing data over ocean," Tellus B 59, 115-129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

R. A. Kahn, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, D. J. Diner, K. A. Crean, and B. Holben, "Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) global aerosol optical depth validation based on 2 years of coincident Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations," J. Geophys. Res. 110, D10S04 (2005).
[CrossRef]

International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project. http://isccp.giss.nasa.gov.

Global Aerosol Climatology Project. http://gacp.giss.nasa.gov.

M. I. Mishchenko, L. D. Travis, and A. A. Lacis, Scattering, Absorption, and Emission of Light by Small Particles (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 2002). http://www.giss.nasa.gov/~crmim/books.html.

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Project. http://www.remss.com.

E. R. Lewis and S. E. Schwartz, Sea Salt Aerosol Production (American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC, 2004).

E. L. Makhotkina, I. N. Plakhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Some features of atmospheric turbidity change over the Russian territory in the last quarter of the 20th century," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 20-27 (2005).

E. V. Gorbarenko, A. E. Erokhina, and A. B. Lukin, "Multiyear changes of aerosol optical thickness in Russia," Russian Meteorol. Hydrol., No. 1, 41-48 (2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Global and hemispherical monthly averages of the AOT and Ångstrüm exponent over the oceans for the period August 1981 – June 2005 derived with (a) the old and (b) the new version of the GACP retrieval algorithm. The blue curve depicts the SAGE record of the globally averaged stratospheric AOT. The solid grey lines show pre- and post-Pinatubo linear regressions. The dotted grey line represnts the June 1991 pre-Pinatubo regression level.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) AOT averaged over the period July 1988 – June 1991. (b) AOT averaged over the period July 2002 – June 2005. (c) Difference between the AOT averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) AOT averaged over the months December, January, and February in 1989–1991. (b) AOT averaged over the months December, January, and February in 2003–2005. (c) Difference between the AOT averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) AOT averaged over the months March, April, and May in 1989–1991. (b) AOT averaged over the months March, April, and May in 2003–2005. (c) Difference between the AOT averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) AOT averaged over the months June (1989–1991), July (1988–1990), and August (1988–1990). (b) AOT averaged over the months June (2003–2005), July (2002–2004), and August (2002–2004). (c) Difference between the AOT averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) AOT averaged over the months September, October, and November in 1988–1990. (b) AOT averaged over the months September, October, and November in 2002–2004. (c) Difference between the AOT averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Ångstrüm exponent averaged over the period July 1988 – June 1991. (b) Ångstrüm exponent averaged over the period July 2002 – June 2005. (c) Difference between the Ångstrüm exponent averages in panels (b) and (a).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Surface wind speed averaged over the period July 1988 – June 1991. (b) Surface wind speed averaged over the period July 2002 – June 2005. (c) Difference between the surface wind speed averages in panels (b) and (a).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A = d [ ln C ext ( λ ) ] d ( ln λ ) λ = λ 1 ,
n ( r ) = { C , r r 1 , C ( r r 1 ) α 0 , r > r 2 , r 1 r r 2
0 d r n ( r ) = 1 ,

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