Abstract

A method to enhance the photoluminescence of dye chromophores-loaded by coupling the emission to surface plasmons in nanoimprinted photonic crystals is reported. A 9-fold enhancement in the spontaneous emission intensity of a rhodamine-doped polymer film is achieved on a silver layer due to surface plasmon excitation. By changing the surface plasmon frequency, this enhancement can be suppressed. When the polymer film is patterned by nanoimprint lithography with a two-dimensional photonic crystal the photoluminescence intensity increases up to 27 times compared to unpatterned samples on a quartz substrate.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. L. Barnes, "Electromagnetic crystals for surface plasmon polaritons and the extraction of light from emissive devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170-2182 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  9. I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. A. Weimer and J. Dyer, "Tunable surface plasmon resonance silver films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3164 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. L. Barnes, "Light-emitting devices: Turning the tables on surface plasmons," Nat. Mater.  3, 588-589 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, "Light-emitting devices: Turning the tables on surface plasmons," Nat. Mater.  3, 588-589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. A. Weimer and J. Dyer, "Tunable surface plasmon resonance silver films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3164 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, "Electromagnetic crystals for surface plasmon polaritons and the extraction of light from emissive devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170-2182 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agostiano, A.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, "Light-emitting devices: Turning the tables on surface plasmons," Nat. Mater.  3, 588-589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, "Electromagnetic crystals for surface plasmon polaritons and the extraction of light from emissive devices," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2170-2182 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Beinstingl, W.

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Borodisky, M.

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cho, C.-O.

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, T.-C.

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curri, M. L.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Do, Y. R.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, J.

W. A. Weimer and J. Dyer, "Tunable surface plasmon resonance silver films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3164 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, M. J.

R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Everitt, H. O.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fink, M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gontijo, I.

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gornik, E.

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gruetzner, G.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, R.

R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauser, M.

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Heckera, N. E.

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, P. A.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hopfelb, R. A.

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huh, J.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, H.

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kehagias, N.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keller, S.

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G.-H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S-H.

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. C.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-C.

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ko, C.-J.

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ko, F.-H.

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Köck, A.

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, T.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-W.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-J.

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M. S.

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maier, T.

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, U. K.

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neal, T. D.

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neogi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reboud, V.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reuther, F.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sage, I.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sawaki, N.

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Y.-W.

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, G.

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Striccoli, M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tackeuchi, A.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Tamborra, M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wasey, J. A. E.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wedge, S.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weimer, W. A.

R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Weimer and J. Dyer, "Tunable surface plasmon resonance silver films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3164 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weng, L.-Y.

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yablonvitch, E.

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zelsmann, M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, "Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 14, 1393-1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. R. Do, Y.-C. Kim, Y.-W. Song, C.-O. Cho, H. Jeon, Y.-J. Lee, and S-H. Kim, "Enhanced light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes with 2D SiO2/SiNx photonic crystals," Adv. Mater. 15, 1214-1218 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, M. Zelsmann, M. Striccoli, M. L. Curri, A. Agostiano, M. Tamborra, M. Fink, F. Reuther, and G. Gruetzner, "Spontaneous emission control of colloidal nanocrystals using nanoimprinted photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Köck, E. Gornik, M. Hauser, and W. Beinstingl, "Strongly directional emission from AlGaAs/GaAs light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2327-2329 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, M. S. Liu, and A. K.-Y. Jen, "Time resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy of surface-plasmon-enhanced light emission from conjugate polymers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Lee, S.-H. Kim, J. Huh, G.-H. Kim, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Cho, Y. C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, "A high-extraction-efficiency nanopatterned organic light-emitting diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3779 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Weimer and J. Dyer, "Tunable surface plasmon resonance silver films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3164 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Scherer, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and Y. Kawakami, "Surface plasmon enhanced spontaneous emission rate of InGaN/GaN quantum wells probed by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 071102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Heckera and R. A. Hopfelb, N. Sawaki, T. Maier and G. Strasser, "Surface plasmon enhanced photoluminescence from a single quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1577-1579 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Vuckovic, M. Loncar, and A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1131-1144 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. Gupta, M. J. Dyer, and W. A. Weimer," Preparation and characterization of surface plasmon resonance tunable gold and silver films," J. Appl. Phys. 92, 5264-5271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Microelectron. Eng.

F.-H. Ko, L.-Y. Weng, C.-J. Ko, and T.-C. Chu, "Characterization of imprinting polymeric temperature variation with fluorescent Rhodamine B molecule," Microelectron. Eng. 83, 864-868 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, "Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells," Nat. Mater. 3, 601-605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, "Light-emitting devices: Turning the tables on surface plasmons," Nat. Mater.  3, 588-589 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Optics Express

T. D. Neal, K. Okamoto, A. Scherer, "Surface plasmon enhanced emission from dye doped polymer layers," Optics Express 13, 5522-5527 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

A. Neogi, C.-W. Lee, H. O. Everitt, T. Kuroda, A. Tackeuchi, and E. Yablonvitch, "Enhancement of spontaneous recombination rate in a quantum well by resonant surface plasmon coupling," Phys. Rev. B 66, 153305 (2002)
[CrossRef]

I. Gontijo, M. Borodisky, E. Yablonvitch, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, "Coupling of InGaN quantum well photoluminescence to silver surface plasmons," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11564-11567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and E. F. Schubert, "High extraction efficiency of spontaneous emission from slabs of photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 3294-3297 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Scanning electron micrograph of a nanoimprinted two-dimensional PhC with a 380 nm lattice constant honeycomb array of holes (holes depth 350 nm), (b). cross-section schematic of the studied system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photoluminescence spectra of a nanoimprinted unpatterned dye-doped polymer film on a quartz substrate (black line), on a 50 nm Al quartz substrate (green line), on a 50 nm Ag quartz substrate (blue line), on a 50 nm Au quartz substrate (red line).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Normalized extinction spectra of the different used substrates, presenting the surface plasmon wavelength tunability. (b). right upper image: AFM images (5 × 5 μm2) of a 50 nm thick Ag evaporated on quartz substrate, (black inset: the depth profile along the white line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Photoluminescence spectra of a nanoimprinted unpatterned dye-doped polymer film on a quartz substrate (black line), of a 2D photonic crystal with a 380 nm lattice constant (blue line), with a 500 nm lattice (green line) and with a 700 nm lattice (red line), (b). photoluminescence spectra of a flat surface imprinted on a quartz substrate (black line), of a 2D photonic crystal with a 700 nm lattice constant imprinted on a 50 nm Ag quartz substrate (blue line), of a 2D photonic crystal with a 700 nm lattice constant imprinted on a quartz substrate (red line), of a nanoimprinted unpatterned dye-doped polymer film on a 50 nm Ag quartz substrate (green line).

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