Abstract

We report soliton compression in a tapered hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. We compress unchirped 195fs input pulses at 800 nm wavelength to less than 100fs after single-mode propagation through 8m of fiber, at pulse energies of around 50nJ.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Bouwmans, F Luan, J.C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B.J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1620 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Humbert, J.C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D.P. Williams, P.J. Roberts, and B.J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  6. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Luan, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, S. Campbell, D. Xiao, D. T. Reid, B. J. Mangan, D. P. Williams, and P. J. Roberts, “Femtosecond soliton pulse delivery at 800nm wavelength in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers, ” Opt. Express 12, 835–840 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, and A.L. Gaeta, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6153–6159 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, “Pulse compression at 1.06 μm in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3504–3506 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.
  11. S. V. Chernikov and P.V. Mamyshev, “Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633–1641 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

G. Bouwmans, F Luan, J.C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B.J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1620 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

Ahmad, F. R

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allan, D.A.

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.A.

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, S.

Chernikov, S. V.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Chernikov and P.V. Mamyshev, “Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633–1641 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cregan, R.F.

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cumberland, B.A.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Dianov, E. V.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Farr, L.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A.L.

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, AK.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

He, F.

Hensley, C. J.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Humbert, G.

Knight, J. C.

Knight, J.C.

G. Humbert, J.C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D.P. Williams, P.J. Roberts, and B.J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bouwmans, F Luan, J.C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B.J. Mangan, and H. Sabert, “Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850nm wavelength,” Opt. Express 11, 1613–1620 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Koch, K.W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luan, F

Luan, F.

Mamyshev, P.V.

Mangan, B. J.

Mangan, B.J.

Muller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, and A.L. Gaeta, “Soliton pulse compression in photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 6153–6159 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Popov, S.V.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Price, J. H. V.

Reid, D. T.

Richardson, D. J.

M. L. V. Tse, P. Horak, J. H. V. Price, F. Poletti, F. He, and D. J. Richardson, “Pulse compression at 1.06 μm in dispersion-decreasing holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3504–3506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

Roberts, P.J.

G. Humbert, J.C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D.P. Williams, P.J. Roberts, and B.J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express 12, 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rulkov, A.B.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Russell, P. St. J.

Russell, P.St.J.

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabert, H.

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, J.M.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Taylor, J.R.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Travers, J.C.

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

Tse, M. L. V.

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, H.P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. P.

Williams, D.P.

Xiao, D.

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. V. Chernikov, D. J. Richardson, E. V. Dianov, and D. N. Payne, “Picosecond soliton pulse compressor based on dispersion decreasing fiber,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1842–1844 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H.P. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (3)

J.C. Knight, J. Broeng, T.A. Birks, and P.St.J. Russell, “Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers,” Science 282, 1476–1478 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R.F. Cregan, B.J. Mangan, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, P.J. Roberts, and D.A. Allan “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R Ahmad, D. Muller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K.W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science 301, 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J.C. Travers, B.A. Cumberland, A.B. Rulkov, S.V. Popov, J.R. Taylor, J.M. Stone, AK. George, and J.C. Knight, “Pulse compression in dispersion decreasing photonic crystal fiber,” to be presented at CLEO 2007, Baltimore.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd Edition (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Taper shape obtained during the fabrication process. The 8m-length of fiber used for the experiments is indicated.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Normalized transmission and (b) GVD curve of the tapered HC-PBGF versus the wavelength. In each case, data obtained from a 25cm-long piece cut from the input (dashed) and output (solid) of the taper are also plotted. An image of the guided-mode near-field pattern through the tapered fiber at 800nm wavelength is shown in the inset.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Set-up used for short pulses experiments.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Output spectra from a 8m length of tapered HC-PBGF for various output pulse energies; (b) Output pulse width as a function of output pulse energy. The inset shows an autocorrelation trace recorded at an output pulse energy of 63nJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Spectrum of the untapered HC-PBGF for different output pulse energy; (b) Output pulse width as a function of output pulse energy : comparison between untapered (red points) and tapered (black points) HC-PBGF.

Equations (1)

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τ 0 = 1.76 λ 3 D A eff 2 π 2 c n 2 E sol

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