Abstract

In this paper we presents the near infrared to visible upconversion luminescence in a Tb3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass excited with 800nm femtosecond laser irradiation. The upconversion luminescence is attributed to 5D4 to 7Fj (j=3, 4, 5, 6) transitions of Tb3+.The relationship between upconversion luminescence intensity and the pump power indicates that a three-photon simultaneous absorption process is dominant in this upconversion luminescence. The calculated value of the three-photon absorption cross section σ3 of the glass is 1.832×10-81cm6s2. Also, three-dimensional display is demonstrated based on the multiphoton absorption upconversion luminescence for the first time.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, P. N. Prasad, "Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation," Nature 415, 767-770 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. S. He, J. M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, P. N. Prasad, "Ultrashort 1.5-mu m laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption, " Opt. Lett. 28, 719-721 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, "Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,"Nat. Mater. 1, 217-224 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, "Three-dimensional optical storage memory," Science 245, 843-845 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. MatsuoS, H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. You and M. Nogami, "Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076-78 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. V. Shulgin, K. Taylor. A. Hoaksey, and R. Hunt, "Optical characteristics of Tb3 + ions in soda glass," J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 5, 1716-1726 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, "The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124-125 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Auzel, "Upconversion and anti-stokes processes with f and d ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 104, 139-173 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. F. E. Hernandez, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, "Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative," Chem. Phys. Lett. 391, 22-26 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (4)

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

H. You and M. Nogami, "Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076-78 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, "Upconversion and anti-stokes processes with f and d ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 104, 139-173 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. E. Hernandez, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, "Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative," Chem. Phys. Lett. 391, 22-26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. MatsuoS, H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368(2003).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, P. N. Prasad, "Ultrashort 1.5-mu m laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption, " Opt. Lett. 28, 719-721 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, "Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,"Nat. Mater. 1, 217-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, P. N. Prasad, "Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation," Nature 415, 767-770 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, "Three-dimensional optical storage memory," Science 245, 843-845 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, "The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124-125 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

B. V. Shulgin, K. Taylor. A. Hoaksey, and R. Hunt, "Optical characteristics of Tb3 + ions in soda glass," J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 5, 1716-1726 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, "Upconversion and anti-stokes processes with f and d ions in solids," Chem. Rev. 104, 139-173 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belfield, K. D.

F. E. Hernandez, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, "Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative," Chem. Phys. Lett. 391, 22-26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berger, H.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Case, W.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, "The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124-125 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cheah, K.

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Chivian, J.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, "The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124-125 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cohanoschi, I.

F. E. Hernandez, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, "Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative," Chem. Phys. Lett. 391, 22-26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J. M.

Demsar, J.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dvorsek, D.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eden, D.

J. Chivian, W. Case, and D. Eden, "The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124-125 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Forro, L.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. MatsuoS, H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368(2003).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

Hernandez, F. E.

F. E. Hernandez, K. D. Belfield, and I. Cohanoschi, "Three-photon absorption enhancement in a symmetrical charge transfer fluorene derivative," Chem. Phys. Lett. 391, 22-26 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, H.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. MatsuoS, H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368(2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kabanov, V. V.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kondo, Y.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kwok, W.

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, P. N. Prasad, "Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation," Nature 415, 767-770 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T.C.

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Markowicz, P. P.

Matsuo, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, "Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,"Nat. Mater. 1, 217-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mihailovic, D.

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

H. You and M. Nogami, "Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076-78 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parthenopoulos, D. A.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, "Three-dimensional optical storage memory," Science 245, 843-845 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, D.

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

Qiu, J.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiu, K. Miura, H. Inouye, Y. Kondo, T. Mitsuyu T, K. Hirao, "Femtosecond laser-induced three-dimensional bright and long-lasting phosphorescence inside calcium aluminosilicate glasses doped with rare earth ions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1763-1765 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, "A three color, Solid state, Three-Dimensional display," Science 273, 1185-1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rentzepis, P. M.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, "Three-dimensional optical storage memory," Science 245, 843-845 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rode, A. V.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. MatsuoS, H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368(2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimotsuma, Y.

Y. Shimotsuma, P. G. Kazansky, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, "Self organized nanogratings in glass irradiated by ultrashort light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 247405 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shulgin, B. V.

B. V. Shulgin, K. Taylor. A. Hoaksey, and R. Hunt, "Optical characteristics of Tb3 + ions in soda glass," J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 5, 1716-1726 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Si, J.

J. Qiu, P. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, A. L. Gaeta, "Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940-1942 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sundaram, S. K.

S. K. Sundaram and E. Mazur, "Inducing and probing non-thermal transitions in semiconductors using femtosecond laser pulses,"Nat. Mater. 1, 217-224 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

J. Qiu, K. Miura, T. Suzuki, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao "Permanent photoreduction of Sm3+ to Sm2+ inside a sodium aluminoborate glass by an infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 10-12 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, K.

B. V. Shulgin, K. Taylor. A. Hoaksey, and R. Hunt, "Optical characteristics of Tb3 + ions in soda glass," J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 5, 1716-1726 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, H. Misawa "Luminescence and defect formation by visible and near-infrared irradiation of vitreous silica," Phys. Rev. B 60, 9959-9964 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K.

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Wong, W.

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

You, H.

H. You and M. Nogami, "Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076-78 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

K. Wong, W. Kwok, W. Wong, D. Phillips, and K. Cheah, "Green and red three-photon upconversion from polymeric lanthanide(III) complexes," Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 35, 4659-4662 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

D. Mihailovic, D. Dvorsek, V. V. Kabanov, J. Demsar, L. Forro, H. Berger, "Femtosecond data storage, processing, and search using collective excitations of a macroscopic quantum state," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 871-873 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission spectra of glass under 800nm femtosecond laser irradiation (a) with 267nm excitation (b) excitation spectrum when the emission at 545nm is monitored(c). The inset shows the emission state of the glass sample irradiated by the focused femtosecond laser. The arrow indicates the propagation direction of the laser beam.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Emission spectra of the glass under 800nm femtosecond laser irradiation with different pump powers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Upconversion luminescence intensity of the 5D4- 7F5 transition of Tb3+ ions in the glass as a function of the femtosecond laser pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Absorption spectrum of the glass

Fig.5.
Fig.5.

Transmitted intensity vs excitation intensity for Tb3+-doped ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Photograph of a simple mark through scanning the femtosecond laser into the glass.

Equations (3)

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I P n
I ( z ) = I 0 ( 1 + 2 γ z I 0 2 ) 1 / 2
σ 3 = ( γ N A d 0 ) ( hc λ ) 2

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