Abstract

We report strong optical nonlinearity of glasses embedded with copper and silver nanoparticles. In pump-probe experiments with copper-doped glasses, the observed absorption bleaching with picosecond relaxation time is as high as 22%. Transmission femtosecond measurements reveal the reverse saturable absorption with nonlinear absorption coefficient of 10-10 cm/W in both copper- and silver-doped nanocomposites.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Schmid, Clusters and Colloids, From Theory to Applications (VCH, Weinheim 1994); G. Schmid, Nanoparticles, From Theory to Applications (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. V. Shahbazyan, I. E. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Size-dependent surface plasmon dynamics in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3120-3123 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).
  9. I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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2006

H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Shahbazyan, I. E. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Size-dependent surface plasmon dynamics in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3120-3123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Bigot, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Shahbazyan, I. E. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Size-dependent surface plasmon dynamics in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3120-3123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cregut, O.

J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Darugar, Q.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daunois, A.

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Del Fatti, N.

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

DeMarchi, G.

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flytzanis, C.

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, H.

H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guille, J.

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Halte, V.

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, Y.

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, N.

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hosono, H.

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaganovskii, Yu.

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kalyanaraman, R.

H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karthikeyan, B.

B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krishna, H.

H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Kumar, G. R.

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lipovskii, A. A.

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mattei, G.

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoldi, P.

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Merle, J. C.

J.-Y. Bigot, J. C. Merle, O. Cregut, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in copper nanoparticles probed with femtosecond optical pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4702-4706 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Merle, J.-C.

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miotello, A.

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mogilko, E.

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, I.

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, A.

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Numako, C.

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ofir, A.

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Omi, S.

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perakis, I.

V. Halte, J. Guille, J.-C. Merle, I. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Electron dynamics in silver nanoparticles: Comparison between thin films and glass embedded nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 60, 11738-11746 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perakis, I. E.

T. V. Shahbazyan, I. E. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Size-dependent surface plasmon dynamics in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3120-3123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Philip, R.

B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pileni, M.-P.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pradeep, T.

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, M. A. El-Sayed, and M.-P. Pileni, "Size-dependent ultrafast electronic energy relaxation and enhanced fluorescence of copper nanoparticles," J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 143-149 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenbluh, M.

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sandhyarani, N.

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, "Picosecond optical nonlinearity in monolayer-protected gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoclusters," Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160-13166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Satepanov, A. L.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shahbazyan, T. V.

T. V. Shahbazyan, I. E. Perakis, and J.-Y. Bigot, "Size-dependent surface plasmon dynamics in metal nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3120-3123 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J.

B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Satepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Nonlinear optical susceptibilities of copper- and silver-doped silicate glasses in the ultraviolet range," Phys. Stat. Solidi 238, R5-R7 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vallee, F.

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, E. M.

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Weber, M. J.

E. M. Vogel, M. J. Weber, and D. M. Krol, "Nonlinear Optical Phenomena in Glass," Phys. Chem. Glasses 32, 231-254 (1991).

Yamasaki, K.

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A

A. Miotello, G. DeMarchi, G. Mattei, and P. Mazzoldi, "Ionic transport model for hydrogen permeation inducing silver nanocluster formation in silver-sodium exchanged glasses," Appl. Phys. A 67, 527-529 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Garcia, H. Krishna, and R. Kalyanaraman, "Compound figure of merit for photonic applications of metal nanocomposites," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys.

J.-Y. Bigot, V. Halte, J.-C. Merle, and A. Daunois, "Electron dynamics in metallic nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 181-203 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Del Fatti, F. Vallee, C. Flytzanis, Y. Hamanaka, and A. Nakamura, "Electron dynamics and surface plasmon resonance nonlinearities in metal nanoparticles," Chem. Phys. 251, 215-226 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

B. Karthikeyan, J. Thomas, and R. Philip, "Optical nonlinearity in glass-embedded silver nanoclusters under ultrafast laser excitation," Chem. Phys. Lett. 414, 346-350 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Defect and Diffusion Forum

Yu. Kaganovskii, E. Mogilko, A. Ofir, A. A. Lipovskii, and M. Rosenbluh, "Diffusion of silver in silicate glass and clustering in hydrogen atmosphere," Defect and Diffusion Forum 237-240689-694 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc

I. Nakai, C. Numako, H. Hosono, and K. Yamasaki, "Origin of the red color of satsuma copper-ruby glass as determined by EXAFS and optical absorption spectroscopy," J. Am. Ceram. Soc 82, 689-695 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

Y. Hamanaka, N. Hayashi, A. Nakamura, and S. Omi, "Ultrafast relaxation dynamics of electrons in silver nanocrystals embedded in glass," J. Lumin. 76-7, 221-225 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Quantum Electron.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, and T. Usmanov, "Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm," Opt. Quantum Electron. 36, 949-960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Phys. Rev. B

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical density of Cu-bulk (a), Cu-surf (b), and Ag-surf (c) materials. Insert shows X-ray diffraction pattern of the Cu-surf glassy nanocomposite. The diffraction maxima correspond to position of copper crystalline planes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for the femtosecond pump-probe (a) and transmission (b) measurements.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temporal evolution of the nonlinear transmission spectra for Cu-bulk (a) and Cu-surf (b) nanocomposites at pump intensity of about 10 11 W/cm2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal evolution of the nonlinear transmission spectra for Ag-surf nanocomposite at pump intensity of 1011 W/cm2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmitted fluence as a function of incident one for (a) Cu-bulk at λ = 565 nm and (b) Ag-surf at λ = 400 nm nanocomposites. Dashed lines correspond to the linear transmission.

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