Abstract

We describe a real-time holographic technique used to observe dental contraction due to photo-polymerization of dental filling during LED lamp illumination. An off-axis setup was used, with wet in-situ processing of the holographic plate, and consequent recording of interference fringes using CCD camera. Finite elements method was used to calculate internal stress of dental tissue, corresponding to experimentally measured deformation. A technique enables selection of preferred illumination method with reduced polymerization contraction. As a consequence, durability of dental filling might be significantly improved.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. F. Leinfelder, "Composite resin systems for posterior restorations," Pract. Periodontics. Aesthet. Dent.Suppl. 1, 23-27 (1993).
  2. C. J. Whitters, J. M. Girkin, and J. J. Carey, "Curing of dental composites by use of InGaN light-emitting diodes," Opt. Lett. 24, 67-68 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. A. Laughlin, J. L. Williams and J. D. Eick, "The Influence of System Compliance and Sample Geometry on Composite Polymerization Shrinkage Stress," J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (Appl. Biomater.) 63, 671-678 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. D. Eick and F. H. Welch, "Polymerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensitivity," Quintessence Int. 17, 103-111 (1986).
    [PubMed]
  7. C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).
  8. E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. R. Wedendal and H. I. Bjelkhagen, "Dynamics of human teeth in function by means of double pulsed Holography: an Experimental Investigation," Appl. Opt. 13, 2481-2485 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. Panteli?, L. Blaži?., S. Savi?-Ševi? and B. Pani?, "Holographic detection of a tooth structure deformation after dental filling polymerization," J. Biomed. Opt.  12, 024026, (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

D. Panteli?, L. Blaži?., S. Savi?-Ševi? and B. Pani?, "Holographic detection of a tooth structure deformation after dental filling polymerization," J. Biomed. Opt.  12, 024026, (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Whitters, J. M. Girkin, and J. J. Carey, "Curing of dental composites by use of InGaN light-emitting diodes," Opt. Lett. 24, 67-68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. F. Leinfelder, "Composite resin systems for posterior restorations," Pract. Periodontics. Aesthet. Dent.Suppl. 1, 23-27 (1993).

1986 (1)

J. D. Eick and F. H. Welch, "Polymerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensitivity," Quintessence Int. 17, 103-111 (1986).
[PubMed]

1984 (1)

C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).

1974 (1)

Apicella, A.

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ausiello, P.

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bjelkhagen, H. I.

Blackwell, G. B.

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blažic, L.

D. Panteli?, L. Blaži?., S. Savi?-Ševi? and B. Pani?, "Holographic detection of a tooth structure deformation after dental filling polymerization," J. Biomed. Opt.  12, 024026, (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carey, J. J.

Chang, C.-H.

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, C.-S.

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooper, J. E.

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couegnat, G.

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, C. L.

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).

de Gee, A. J.

C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).

DeLong, R.

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, Z.

J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douglas, R.

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Douglas, W. H.

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eick, J. D.

J. D. Eick and F. H. Welch, "Polymerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensitivity," Quintessence Int. 17, 103-111 (1986).
[PubMed]

G. A. Laughlin, J. L. Williams and J. D. Eick, "The Influence of System Compliance and Sample Geometry on Composite Polymerization Shrinkage Stress," J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (Appl. Biomater.) 63, 671-678 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ensaff, H.

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Erickson, R. L.

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feilzer, A. J.

C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).

Felten, K.

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferracane, J. L.

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fogleman, E. A.

E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fok, S. L.

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girkin, J. M.

Grobler, S.

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grubbs, W. T.

E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hickel, R.

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilton, T. J.

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ilie, N.

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobsen, P. H.

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jandt, K. D.

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, M. T.

E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kunzelmann, K. H.

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lang, H.

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laughlin, G. A.

G. A. Laughlin, J. L. Williams and J. D. Eick, "The Influence of System Compliance and Sample Geometry on Composite Polymerization Shrinkage Stress," J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (Appl. Biomater.) 63, 671-678 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-E.

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leinfelder, K. F.

K. F. Leinfelder, "Composite resin systems for posterior restorations," Pract. Periodontics. Aesthet. Dent.Suppl. 1, 23-27 (1993).

Lin, C.-L.

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mills, R. W.

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müllejans, R.

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’Doherty, D. M.

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oberholzer, T. G.

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pameijer, C. H.

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pantelic, D.

D. Panteli?, L. Blaži?., S. Savi?-Ševi? and B. Pani?, "Holographic detection of a tooth structure deformation after dental filling polymerization," J. Biomed. Opt.  12, 024026, (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pintado, M. R.

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qualtrough, A. J. E.

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raab, W. H. M.

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rampado, R.

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rengo, S.

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossouw, R. J.

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sakaguchi, R. L.

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tantbirojn, D.

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trixner, K.

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uhl, A.

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vandewalle, K. S.

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Versluis, A.

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wedendal, P. R.

Welch, F. H.

J. D. Eick and F. H. Welch, "Polymerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensitivity," Quintessence Int. 17, 103-111 (1986).
[PubMed]

Whitters, C. J.

Williams, J. L.

G. A. Laughlin, J. L. Williams and J. D. Eick, "The Influence of System Compliance and Sample Geometry on Composite Polymerization Shrinkage Stress," J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (Appl. Biomater.) 63, 671-678 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biomaterials (3)

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. Mills, A. Uhl, G. B. Blackwell and K. D. Jandt, "High power light emitting diode (LED) arrays versus halogen light polymerization of oral biomaterials: Barcol hardness, compressive strength and radiometric properties," Biomaterials 23, 2955-2963 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ensaff, D. M. O’Doherty and P. H. Jacobsen, "The influence of the restoration-tooth interface in light cured composite restorations: a finite element analysis," Biomaterials 22, 3097-3103 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. (2)

C.-L. Lin, C.-H. Chang, C.-S. Cheng, C.-H. Wang, and H.-E. Lee, "Automatic finite element mesh generation for maxillary second premolar," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 59, 187-195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gao, W. Xu, and Z. Ding, "3D finite element mesh generation of complicated tooth model based on CT slices," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 82, 97-105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dent. Mater. (6)

N. Ilie, K. Felten, K. Trixner, R. Hickel and K. H. Kunzelmann, "Shrinkage behavior of a resin based composite irradiated with modern curing units," Dent. Mater. 21, 483-489 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Vandewalle, J. L. Ferracane, T. J. Hilton, R. L. Erickson and R. L. Sakaguchi, "Effect of energy density on properties and marginal integrity of posterior resin composite restorations," Dent. Mater. 20, 96-106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Versluis, D. Tantbirojn, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong and W. H. Douglas, "Residual shrinkage stress distributions in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 6, 554-564 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Fogleman, M. T. Kelly and W. T. Grubbs, "Laser interferometric method for measuring linear polymerization shrinkage in light cured dental restoratives," Dent. Mater. 18, 324 - 330 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Couegnat, S. L. Fok, J. E. Cooper and A. J. E. Qualtrough, "Structural optimization of dental restorations using the principle of adaptive growth," Dent. Mater. 22, 3-12 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Tantbirojn, A. Versluis, M. R. Pintado, R. DeLong, R. Douglas and W. H. Douglas, "Tooth deformation patterns in molars after composite restoration," Dent. Mater. 20, 535-542 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomech. (1)

P. Ausiello, A. Apicella, C. L. Davidson and S. Rengo, "3D-finite element analyses of cusp movements in a human upper premolar, restored with adhesive resin-based composites," J. Biomech. 34, 1269 - 1277 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

D. Panteli?, L. Blaži?., S. Savi?-Ševi? and B. Pani?, "Holographic detection of a tooth structure deformation after dental filling polymerization," J. Biomed. Opt.  12, 024026, (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dent. Res. (1)

C. L. Davidson, A. J. de Gee and A. J. Feilzer, "The competition between the composite-dentin bond strength and the polymerization contraction stress," J. Dent. Res. 12, 1396-1399 (1984).

Lasers in Surg. Med. (1)

H. Lang, R. Rampado, R. Müllejans and W. H. M. Raab, "Determination of the dynamics of restored teeth by 3D electronic speckle pattern interferometry," Lasers in Surg. Med. 34, 300-309 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. G. Oberholzer, S. Grobler, C. H. Pameijer and R. J. Rossouw, "A modified dilatometer for determining volumetric polymerization shrinkage of dental materials," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 78-83 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Pract. Periodontics. Aesthet. Dent. (1)

K. F. Leinfelder, "Composite resin systems for posterior restorations," Pract. Periodontics. Aesthet. Dent.Suppl. 1, 23-27 (1993).

Quintessence Int. (1)

J. D. Eick and F. H. Welch, "Polymerization shrinkage of posterior composite resins and its possible influence on postoperative sensitivity," Quintessence Int. 17, 103-111 (1986).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

G. A. Laughlin, J. L. Williams and J. D. Eick, "The Influence of System Compliance and Sample Geometry on Composite Polymerization Shrinkage Stress," J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (Appl. Biomater.) 63, 671-678 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (2214 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Real time holographic setup: L - laser, BS - beam splitter, C - CCD camera, PC-computer, LE - LED lamp, LG - liquid gate for real time hologram processing, T - tooth, V -variable attenuator, M - mirror, LS - lens, IF- 532 nm interference filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Photograph of an extracted human tooth: a) intact, b) with mesio-ocluso-distal (MOD) cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Interference pattern seen on the tooth surface. This is the final frame from a film (AVI file, 2.16 MB large). [Media 1]

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Time dependence of fringe-count across the tooth. One fringe is equivalent to approximately 576 nm deformation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

a) Mechanical model of a third molar and b) its exploded view where dentin and enamel sections are shown. c) Tooth model with MOD cavity (enamel is shaded gray and dentin green).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

a) Deformation distribution as a result of polymerization. Numerical values are color coded and expressed in μm. b) von Mises stress distribution during two-step polymerization. Numerical values are color coded and expressed in MPa.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Mechanical Characteristics of Dental Tissues.

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